Symptom Checker: Symptoms & Signs Index
Medical Author: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Wheezing is a whistling sound that occurs during breathing, usually during expiration (breathing air out of the lungs) through narrowed airways. Inflammation of the airways, bronchospasm (tightening of the muscles around the bronchial tubes), and hypersensitivity (reactivity to triggers such as allergens, irritants, or infections) all play a role in the development of wheezing. Any conditions or diseases that can constrict the airways can lead to wheezing. Wheezing can be accompanied by other symptoms such as coughing and shortness of breath. Wheezing may also occur in anaphylaxis, a severe and potentially life-threatening allergic reaction.
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Schiffman, George. "Asthma Medications." eMedicineHealth.com. Jan. 8, 2010; <http://www.emedicinehealth.com/understanding_asthma_medications/article_em.htm>.
Causes of Wheezing
In This ArticleAlpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency Article
- What is alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
- What are the signs and symptoms of lung disease caused by alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
- How common is alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
- What genes are related to alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
- How do people inherit alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
- Where can I find information about treatment for alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
- What other names do people use for alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
In This ArticleAnaphylaxis Article
- Anaphylaxis facts
- Introduction to anaphylaxis
- What is the history of anaphylaxis?
- How common is anaphylaxis?
- What are common causes of anaphylaxis?
- What are the signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis?
- What happens after the symptoms begin?
- Are there any disorders that appear similar to anaphylaxis?
- How is anaphylaxis diagnosed?
- How do we manage anaphylaxis?
- What are emergency measures used in the treatment of anaphylaxis?
- Can anaphylaxis be prevented?
In This ArticleAsthma Article
- What is asthma?
- What causes asthma?
- Different Types of Asthma
- What are the signs and symptoms of asthma?
- How is asthma diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for asthma?
- What is an asthma action plan?
- What is the prognosis for asthma?
- Can asthma be prevented?
In This ArticleBronchiectasis (Acquired, Congenital) Article
- What is the definition of bronchiectasis?
- What is bronchiectasis?
- Who is at risk for bronchiectasis?
- What causes bronchiectasis?
- What are the types of bronchiectasis?
- What are the signs and symptoms of bronchiectasis?
- When should I contact my doctor for bronchiectasis?
- How is the diagnosis of bronchiectasis made?
- What is the treatment for bronchiectasis?
- Can bronchiectasis be prevented?
- What is the prognosis of bronchiectasis?
In This ArticleChronic Bronchitis Article
- Bronchitis facts
- What is bronchitis?
- What is acute bronchitis?
- What are the symptoms of acute bronchitis?
- What is chronic bronchitis?
- What are the causes of chronic bronchitis?
- What are the risk factors for chronic bronchitis?
- What are the symptoms of chronic bronchitis?
- When should an individual seek medical care for chronic bronchitis?
- How is chronic bronchitis diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for chronic bronchitis?
- What are the complications of chronic bronchitis?
- Can chronic bronchitis be prevented?
- What is the outlook (prognosis) for chronic bronchitis?
In This ArticleCOPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) Article
- What is chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)?
- What are the risk factors for COPD?
- What other diseases or conditions contribute to COPD?
- What causes COPD?
- What are the signs and symptoms of COPD?
- When should I call my doctor about COPD?
- How is COPD diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for COPD?
- Home remedies for COPD?
- Medications for COPD
- Surgery for COPD
- Can COPD be prevented?
- What is the prognosis and life expectancy for a person with COPD?
In This ArticleEmphysema Article
- What is emphysema?
- What are the risk factors for emphysema?
- What causes emphysema?
- What are the signs and symptoms of emphysema?
- How is emphysema diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for emphysema?
- Quitting smoking
- Emphysema medications
- Pulmonary rehabilitation for emphysema
- Surgery for emphysema
- What are the stages of emphysema?
- What is the life expectancy and outlook for someone with emphysema?
In This ArticleEnterovirus (Non-Polio Enterovirus Infection) Article
- Enterovirus facts
- What is an enterovirus?
- What types of illnesses do enteroviruses cause?
- What are causes and risk factors for an enterovirus infection?
- What are symptoms and signs of an enterovirus infection in children and adults?
- How do physicians diagnose an enterovirus infection?
- What is the treatment for an enterovirus infection?
- Non-polio enterovirus outbreaks, including enterovirus D68 (EV-D68)
- What are complications of an enterovirus infection?
- What is the prognosis of an enterovirus infection?
- Is it possible to prevent an enterovirus infection? Is there a vaccine for enteroviruses?
- What is the latest news about the enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) outbreak?
- Where can people find more information about enterovirus infections?
In This ArticleGastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Article
- GERD facts
- What is GERD (acid reflux)?
- What causes GERD?
- What are the symptoms of uncomplicated GERD?
- What are the complications of GERD?
- How is GERD diagnosed and evaluated?
- Symptoms and procedures to diagnose GERD
- GERD tests
- How is GERD treated?
- Lifestyle changes and GERD diet
- GERD medications
- GERD surgery
- What is a reasonable approach to the management of GERD?
- What are the unresolved issues in GERD?
In This ArticleHeart Attack Treatment Article
- What is a heart attack?
- How is a heart attack treated?
- Antiplatelet agents
- Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors
- Clot-dissolving drugs
- Coronary angiography and percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA)
- Coronary artery stents
- Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
- Beta blockers
- Coronary artery bypass
- What can a patient expect during recovery from a heart attack?
- How can a second heart attack be prevented?
In This ArticleHeart Failure Article
- What is Heart Failure?
- What Causes Heart Failure?
- What are the Symptoms of Heart Failure?
- What are the Types of Heart Failure?
- How is Heart Failure Diagnosed?
- How is Heart Failure Treated?
- Stages of Heart Failure
- How Can I Prevent Heart Failure From Worsening?
- How Can I Prevent Further Heart Damage?
- What Medications Should I Avoid?
- How Can I Improve My Quality of Life?
- What Surgical Procedures are Used to Treat Heart Failure?
- Treatment is a Team Effort
- What is the Outlook for People with Heart Failure?
In This ArticleMold Article
- Mold facts
- What is mold?
- Where can mold be found in homes?
- What kinds of health problems may be linked to mold? What are symptoms and signs of mold allergy?
- How can mold in the household be prevented?
- Is it necessary to test for mold?
- How should mold be cleaned up and eliminated?
In This ArticleOccupational Asthma Article
- Occupational asthma facts
- What is occupational asthma?
- What causes occupational asthma?
- What are risk factors for occupational asthma?
- What are symptoms and signs of occupational asthma?
- How is occupational asthma diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for occupational asthma?
- What are complications of occupational asthma?
- Can occupational asthma be prevented?
- Where can a person find more information about occupational asthma?
In This ArticlePneumonia Article
- Pneumonia facts
- What is pneumonia?
- What are the different types of pneumonia?
- What causes pneumonia?
- What are risk factors for pneumonia?
- What are pneumonia symptoms and signs?
- How do doctors diagnose pneumonia?
- What is the treatment for pneumonia?
- What are complications of pneumonia?
- What is the prognosis of pneumonia?
- Is it possible to prevent pneumonia? Is there a pneumonia vaccine?
In This ArticleRespiratory Syncytial Virus Article
- Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection facts
- What is the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)?
- When does RSV infection occur, and who gets it?
- Who is at risk for severe disease?
- Is RSV infection contagious, and how is RSV infection transmitted?
- What are the symptoms of RSV infection?
- How is RSV infection diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for an RSV infection?
- How can RSV infection be prevented?
- Is there an RSV vaccine?
- What is the prognosis of an RSV infection?
In This ArticleSmoking (How to Quit Smoking) Article
- Smoking and quitting smoking facts
- What problems are caused by smoking?
- What is addictive disease and why is smoking considered an addictive disease?
- What are the signs of cigarette addiction?
- Why should someone quit smoking?
- What are the steps in quitting?
- Getting ready to quit smoking
- On the day you quit smoking
- Staying quit
- What methods can help a person quit smoking?
- Behavioral modification and self-help literature to quit smoking
- Nicotine replacement therapy to quit smoking
- What prescription products are available for smoking cessation?
- How are nicotine-containing products used safely?
- What is in the future for smoking?
Other Causes of Wheezing
- Bacterial Infection
- Foreign Object in Airways
- Virus Infection
Examples of Medications for Wheezing
- albuterol, Ventolin, Proventil, Proventil-HFA, AccuNeb, Vospire, ProAir
- budesonide inhaler, Pulmicort Turbuhaler, Pulmicort Respules
- cromolyn, Nasalcrom (Discontinued), Intal; Opticrom; Gastrocrom
- fluticasone disk inhaler - oral, Flovent Rotadisk
- fluticasone propionate oral inhaler, Flovent (Discontinued), Flovent Diskus, Flovent HFA
- ipratropium bromide inhaler, Atrovent, Atrovent HFA
- ipratropium solution - inhalation, Atrovent
- montelukast, Singulair
- omalizumab, Xolair
- terbutaline,Brethine, Bricanyl, and Brethaire are no longer available in the U.S.
- tiotropium capsule - inhalation
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