"SAN ANTONIO â€” Patients with severe chronic pain, including those with arachnoiditis, have low serum cortisol levels, a new study has shown.
Before prescribing opioids to such patients, clinicians should check cortisol levels, and if t"...
(oxycodone) Extended-Release Capsules
ADDICTION, ABUSE, AND MISUSE; LIFE-THREATENING RESPIRATORY DEPRESSION; ACCIDENTAL INGESTION; NEONATAL OPIOID WITHDRAWAL SYNDROME; CYTOCHROME P450 3A4 INTERACTION; and RISKS FROM CONCOMITANT USE WITH BENZODIAZEPINES OR OTHER CNS DEPRESSANTS
Addiction, Abuse, and Misuse
XTAMPZA ERexposes patients and other users to the risks of opioid addiction, abuse, and misuse, which can lead to overdose and death. Assess each patient's risk prior to prescribing XTAMPZA ER and monitor all patients regularly for the development of these behaviors or conditions [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].
Life-Threatening Respiratory Depression
Serious, life-threatening, or fatal respiratory depression may occur with use of XTAMPZA ER. Monitor for respiratory depression, especially during initiation of XTAMPZA ER or following a dose increase [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].
Accidental ingestion of even one dose of XTAMPZA ER, especially by children, can result in a fatal overdose of oxycodone [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].
Neonatal Opioid Withdrawal Syndrome
Prolonged use of XTAMPZA ER during pregnancy can result in neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome, which may be life-threatening if not recognized and treated, and requires management according to protocols developed by neonatology experts. If opioid use is required for a prolonged period in a pregnant woman, advise the patient of the risk of neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome and ensure that appropriate treatment will be available [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].
Cytochrome P450 3A4 Interaction
The concomitant use of XTAMPZA ER with all cytochrome P450 3A4 inhibitors may result in an increase in oxycodone plasma concentrations, which could increase or prolong adverse drug effects and may cause potentially fatal respiratory depression. In addition, discontinuation of a concomitantly used cytochrome P450 3A4 inducer may result in an increase in oxycodone plasma concentration. Monitor patients receiving XTAMPZA ER and any CYP3A4 inhibitor or inducer [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS and CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].
Risks From Concomitant Use With Benzodiazepines Or Other CNS Depressants
Concomitant use of opioids with benzodiazepines or other central nervous system (CNS) depressants, including alcohol, may result in profound sedation, respiratory depression, coma, and death [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS, DRUG INTERACTIONS].
- Reserve concomitant prescribing of XTAMPZA ER and benzodiazepines or other CNS depressants for use in patients for whom alternative treatment options are inadequate.
- Limit dosages and durations to the minimum required.
- Follow patients for signs and symptoms of respiratory depression and sedation.
XTAMPZA ER (oxycodone) extended-release capsules are an opioid agonist for oral use. The capsules contain microspheres formulated with oxycodone base and are supplied in strengths of 9 mg (equivalent to 10 mg oxycodone HCl), 13.5 mg (equivalent to 15 mg oxycodone HCl), 18 mg (equivalent to 20 mg oxycodone HCl), 27 mg (equivalent to 30 mg oxycodone HCl), and 36 mg (equivalent to 40 mg oxycodone HCl) capsules. The capsule strengths describe the amount of oxycodone base per capsule. The structural formula for oxycodone is as follows:
C18H21NO4 MW 315.37 g/mol
The chemical name is 4,5 α-Epoxy-14-hydroxy-3-methoxy-17-methylmorphinan-6-one.
Oxycodone base is a white, odorless crystalline powder derived from the opium alkaloid, thebaine. Oxycodone is present as myristate salt in the XTAMPZA ER formulation.
Each XTAMPZA ER capsule contains either 9, 13.5, 18, 27, or 36 mg of oxycodone (equivalent to 10, 15, 20, 30, or 40 mg of oxycodone HCl, respectively) and the following inactive ingredients: myristic acid, yellow beeswax, carnauba wax, stearoyl polyoxyl-32 glycerides, magnesium stearate, and colloidal silicon dioxide. The capsule shells collectively contain titanium dioxide, hypromellose, and water. Additionally, the 9 mg and 18 mg strength capsule shells contain yellow iron oxide, the 13.5 and 36 mg strength capsule shells contain red iron oxide, and the 27 mg strength capsule shells contain black iron oxide.
Last reviewed on RxList: 1/6/2017
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
Additional Xtampza ER Information
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