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Yeast Infection in Women and Men (cont.)

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What causes a vaginal yeast infection?

Since yeast can be normally present in the vagina, an infection typically occurs when there is disruption of the normal balance of protective bacteria in the vagina. This disruption can happen when a woman takes certain medications (including antibiotics). Changes in hormone levels and illnesses can also affect the balance of bacteria in the vagina and lead to yeast infection. Conditions that result in a suppression of the immune response, such as cancer, chemotherapy, steroid medications, and diabetes, increase the risk of developing yeast infections. Sometimes, no direct cause of the yeast infection can be identified.

What are the signs and symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection?

Symptoms can include a vaginal discharge that is typically thick and whitish-gray in color. The discharge has been described as having a cottage-cheese-like consistency. Other symptoms include an intense itching of the genital area, irritation and burning, pain during sexual intercourse, and pain or burning during urination.

How is a vaginal yeast infection diagnosed?

Even though the signs and symptoms of yeast infection may point to the cause, vaginal itching and discharge can be caused by other conditions including bacterial vaginosis and Trichomonas infections. To most accurately make the diagnosis, a sample of the discharge is tested in the laboratory, either by culture or by direct examination under a microscope, to identify the yeast organisms and to help rule out other causes such as bacterial vaginosis or sexually-transmitted pathogens.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 9/12/2013

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Vaginal Yeast Infection - Home Remedies Question: What home remedies have you found effective in soothing a vaginal yeast infection?
Vaginal Yeast Infection - OTC Medications Question: What OTC medications have you found effective in treating a vaginal yeast infection?
Vaginal Yeast Infection - Prescription Medications Question: What prescription medications were effective in treating your vaginal yeast infection?
Yeast Infection - Symptoms in Men Question: Have you contracted a yeast infection from a female sexual partner? If so, what were the symptoms?
Yeast Infection - Treatment in Men Question: What treatments were effective in treating yeast infection?
Source: MedicineNet.com
http://www.medicinenet.com/yeast_infection_in_women_and_men/article.htm

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