"Analysis of three biomarkers in the urine of kidney transplant recipients can diagnose — and even predict — transplant rejection, according to results from a clinical trial sponsored by the National Institute of Allergy and Infect"...
Read this Medication Guide before you start using ZORTRESS and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This information does not take the place of talking with your doctor about your medical condition or treatment.
What is the most important information I should know about ZORTRESS?
ZORTRESS can cause serious side effects, including:
- Increased risk of getting certain cancers. People who take ZORTRESS have a higher chance of getting lymphoma and other cancers, especially skin cancer. Talk to your doctor about your risk for cancer.
- Increased risk of serious infections. ZORTRESS
weakens the body's immune system and affects your ability to fight infections.
Serious infections can happen with ZORTRESS that may lead to death. People
taking ZORTRESS have a higher chance of getting infections caused by viruses,
bacteria, and fungi (yeast).
- Call your doctor if you have symptoms of infection including fever or chills.
- Blood clot in the blood vessels of your transplanted
kidney. If this happens, it usually occurs within the first 30 days after
your kidney transplant. Tell your doctor right away if you:
- have pain in your groin, lower back, side or stomach (abdomen)
- make less urine or you do not pass any urine
- have blood in your urine or dark colored urine (tea-colored)
- have fever, nausea, or vomiting
- Serious problems with your transplanted kidney (nephrotoxicity). You will need to start with a lower dose of cyclosporine when you take it with ZORTRESS. Your Doctor should do regular blood tests to check your levels of both ZORTRESS and cyclosporine.
- Increased risk of death that can be related to infection, in people who have had a heart transplant. You should not take Zortress if you have had a heart transplant without talking to your doctor.
See the section “What are the possible side effects of ZORTRESS?” for information about other serious side effects.
What is ZORTRESS?
ZORTRESS is a prescription medicine used to prevent transplant rejection (antirejection medicine) in people who have received a kidney transplant or liver transplant. Transplant rejection happens when the body's immune system perceives the new transplanted kidney as “foreign” and attacks it.
ZORTRESS is used with other medicines called cyclosporine, corticosteroids and certain other transplant medicines to prevent rejection of your transplanted kidney. Zortress is used with other medicines called tacrolimus and corticosteroids to prevent rejection of your transplanted liver.
It is not known if ZORTRESS is safe and effective in transplanted organs other than the kidney and liver.
It is not known if ZORTRESS is safe and effective in children under 18 years of age.
Who should not take ZORTRESS?
Do not take ZORTRESS if you are allergic to:
- everolimus (ZORTRESS/AFINITOR®) or any of the ingredients in ZORTRESS. See the end of this Medication Guide for a complete list of ingredients in ZORTRESS.
- sirolimus (Rapamune®)
What should I tell my doctor before taking ZORTRESS?
Before taking ZORTRESS, tell your doctor if you:
- have liver problems
- have skin cancer or it runs in your family
- have high cholesterol or triglycerides (fat in your blood)
- have Lapp lactase deficiency or glucose-galactose malabsorption. You should not take ZORTRESS if you have this disorder.
- have any other medical conditions
- are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. It is not known
if ZORTRESS will harm your unborn baby. Talk with your doctor if you are
pregnant or plan to become pregnant.
- Women who may become pregnant should use effective birth control (contraception) while taking ZORTRESS and for 8 weeks after stopping ZORTRESS.
- are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if ZORTRESS passes into your breast milk. You and your doctor should decide if you will take ZORTRESS or breastfeed. You should not do both.
Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take, including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. ZORTRESS may affect the way other medicines work, and other medicines may affect how ZORTRESS works.
Especially tell your doctor if you take:
- antifungal medicine
- antibiotic medicine
- heart medicine
- high blood pressure medicine
- a medicine to lower cholesterol or triglycerides
- cyclosporine (Sandimmune, Gengraf, Neoral)
- tuberculosis (TB) medicine
- HIV medicine
- St. John's Wort
- seizure (anticonvulsant) medicine
Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of them to show your doctor and pharmacist when you get a new medicine. Do not take any new medicine without talking with your doctor first.
How should I take ZORTRESS?
- Take ZORTRESS exactly as your doctor tells you.
- Do not stop taking ZORTRESS or change your dose unless your doctor tells you to.
- Take ZORTRESS at the same time as your dose of cyclosporine medicine.
- Do not stop taking or change your dose of cyclosporine or tacrolimus medicine unless your doctor tells you to.
- If your doctor changes your dose of cyclosporine your dose of ZORTRESS may change.
- Take ZORTRESS 2 times a day about 12 hours apart.
- Swallow ZORTRESS tablets whole with a glass of water. Do not crush or chew ZORTRESS tablets.
- Take ZORTRESS tablets with or without food. If you take ZORTRESS tablets with food, always take ZORTRESS tablets with food. If you take ZORTRESS tablets without food, always take ZORTRESS tablets without food.
- Your doctor will do regular blood tests to check your kidney function while you take ZORTRESS. It is important that you get these tests done when your doctor tells you to. Blood tests will monitor how your kidneys are working and make sure you are getting the right dose of ZORTRESS and other transplant medications they may be on (cyclosporine and tacrolimus).
- If you take too much ZORTRESS, call your doctor or go to the nearest hospital emergency room right away.
What should I avoid while taking ZORTRESS?
- Avoid receiving any live vaccines while taking ZORTRESS. Some vaccines may not work as well while you are taking ZORTRESS.
- Do not eat grapefruit or drink grapefruit juice while you are taking ZORTRESS. Grapefruit may increase your blood level of ZORTRESS.
- Limit the amount of time you spend in the sunlight. Avoid using tanning beds or sunlamps. People who take ZORTRESS have a higher risk of getting skin cancer. See the section “What is the most important information I should know about ZORTRESS?” Wear protective clothing when you are in the sun and use a sunscreen with a high protection factor (SPF 30 and above). This is especially important if you have fair skin or if you have a family history of skin cancer.
- Avoid becoming pregnant. See the section “What should I tell my doctor before taking ZORTRESS?”
What are possible side effects of ZORTRESS?
ZORTRESS can cause serious side effects, including:
- See “What is the most important information I should know about ZORTRESS?”
- swelling under your skin especially around your mouth,
eyes and in your throat (angioedema). Your chance of having swelling
under your skin is higher if you take ZORTRESS along with certain other
medicines. Tell your doctor right away or go to the nearest emergency room if
you have any of these symptoms of angioedema:
- sudden swelling of your face, mouth, throat, tongue or hands
- hives or welts
- itchy or painful swollen skin
- trouble breathing
- delayed wound healing. ZORTRESS can cause your
incision to heal slowly or not heal well. Call your doctor right away if you
have any of the following symptoms:
- your incision is red, warm or painful
- blood, fluid, or pus in your incision
- your incision opens up
- swelling of your incision
- lung or breathing problems. Tell your doctor right away if you have new or worsening cough, shortness of breath, difficulty breathing or wheezing. In some patients lung or breathing problems have been severe, and can even lead to death. Your doctor may need to stop ZORTRESS or lower your dose.
- increased cholesterol and triglycerides (fat in your blood). If your cholesterol and triglyceride levels are high your doctor may want to lower them with diet, exercise and certain medicines.
- protein in your urine (proteinuria).
- change in kidney function. ZORTRESS may cause kidney problems when taken along with a standard dose of cyclosporine medicine instead of a lower dose.
Your doctor should do blood and urine tests to monitor your cholesterol, triglycerides and kidney function.
- viral infections. Certain viruses can live in your body and cause active infections when your immune system is weak. Viral infections that can happen with ZORTRESS include BK virus-associated nephropathy. BK virus can affect how your kidney works and cause your transplanted kidney to fail.
- blood clotting problems.
- diabetes. Tell your doctor if you have frequent urination, increased thirst or hunger.
- male infertility (low or no sperm count).
The most common side effects of ZORTRESS in people who have had a kidney or liver transplant include:
These common side effects have been reported in both kidney and liver transplant patients:
- swelling of the lower legs, ankles and feet
- high blood pressure
The most common side effects of ZORTRESS in people who have had a kidney transplant include:
- low red blood cell count (anemia)
- urinary tract infection
- increased fat in the blood (cholesterol and triglycerides)
The most common side effects of ZORTRESS in people who have had a liver transplant include:
- abdominal pain
- low white blood cells
These are not all of the possible side effects of ZORTRESS. Tell your doctor about any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
How do I store ZORTRESS?
- Store ZORTRESS tablets between 59°F to 86°F (15°C to 30°C).
- Keep ZORTRESS out of the light.
- Keep ZORTRESS tablets dry.
Keep ZORTRESS and all medicines out of the reach of children.
General information about the safe and effective use of ZORTRESS.
Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Medication Guide. Do not use ZORTRESS for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give ZORTRESS to other people, even if they have the same symptoms you have. It may harm them.
This Medication Guide summarizes the most important information about ZORTRESS. For more information, talk with your doctor. You can ask your doctor or pharmacist for information about ZORTRESS that is written for healthcare professionals. For more information, call 1-888-669-6682 or visit www.zortress.com.
What are the ingredients in ZORTRESS?
Active ingredient: everolimus
Inactive ingredients: butylated hydroxytoluene, magnesium stearate, lactose monohydrate, hypromellose, crospovidone and lactose anhydrous.
This Medication Guide has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
Last reviewed on RxList: 3/6/2013
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
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