Abatacept

Reviewed on 6/21/2022

What Is Abatacept and How Does It Work?

Abatacept is a prescription medication used to treat the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis and psoriatic arthritis

  • Abatacept is available under the following different brand names: Orencia, Orencia ClickJect

What Are Side Effects Associated with Using Abatacept?

Common side effects of Abatacept include:

  • fever,
  • nausea,
  • diarrhea,
  • stomach pain,
  • headache, and
  • cold symptoms (stuffy nose, sneezing, sore throat, cough)

Serious side effects of Abatacept include:

  • fever,
  • chills,
  • night sweats,
  • flu symptoms,
  • weight loss,
  • feeling very tired,
  • dry cough,
  • sore throat,
  • warmth, pain, or redness of your skin
  • trouble breathing,
  • stabbing chest pain,
  • wheezing,
  • cough with yellow or green mucus,
  • pain or burning while urinating, and
  • signs of skin infection such as itching, swelling, warmth, redness, or oozing

Rare side effects of Abatacept include:

  • none 

This is not a complete list of side effects and other serious side effects or health problems that may occur as a result of the use of this drug. Call your doctor for medical advice about serious side effects or adverse reactions. You may report side effects or health problems to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

QUESTION

The term arthritis refers to stiffness in the joints. See Answer

What Are Dosages of Abatacept?

Adult and pediatric dosage

  • Injection, lyophilized powder for reconstitution
  • 250mg/vial
  • Solution for SC injection
  • 125mg/mL prefilled syringe
  • 125mg/mL autoinjector
  • Note: autoinjector has not been studied in patients aged below 18 years
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Adult dosage
  • IV infusion
    • Weight below 60 kg: 500 mg
    • Weight between 60-100 kg: 750 mg
    • Weight above 100 kg: 1000 mg
    • Maintenance: Above dose repeated every 2 weeks two times, then every 4 weeks
  • SC injection
    • SC administration may be initiated with or without an IV loading dose
    • If an IV loading dose is used, administer the first SC injection within 1 day of infusion
    • 125 mg SC every week
    • Transitioning from IV to SC: Administer the first SC dose instead of the scheduled IV dose

Psoriatic arthritis

Adult dosage

  • IV infusion
    • Weight below 60 kg: 500 mg
    • Weight between 60-100 kg: 750 mg
    • Weight above 100 kg: 1000 mg
    • Maintenance: Above dose repeated every 2 weeks for two times, then every 4 weeks
  • SC injection
    • 125 mg SC every week without the need for an IV loading dose
    • Switching from IV to SC: Administer the first SC dose instead of the next scheduled IV dose

Graft versus Host Disease

Adult dosage

  • Day -1 (day before transplantation): 10 mg/kg IV (up to 1,000 mg) IV, followed by
  • Days 5, 14, and 28 (after transplantation): 10 mg/kg IV (up to 1,000 mg) IV
  • Pediatric dosage
  • Aged less than 2 years: Safety and efficacy not established
  • Aged 2 to 5 years
    • Day -1 (day before transplantation): 15 mg/kg IV, followed by
    • Days 5, 14, and 28 (after transplantation): 12 mg/kg IV
  • Aged above 6 years
    • Day -1 (day before transplantation): 10 mg/kg IV (up to 1,000 mg) IV, followed by
    • Days 5, 14, and 28 (after transplantation): 10 mg/kg IV (up to 1,000 mg) IV

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis

Pediatric dosage

  • IV infusion
    • Aged below 6 years: Safety and efficacy not established
    • Aged above 6 years old and weight below 75 kg: Loading dose of 10 mg/kg IV over 30 minutes  
    • Maintenance: Same dose repeated 2 and 4 weeks after the loading dose, THEN every 4 weeks
    • Weight above 75 kg: Administer as in adult
  • SC administration
    • Aged below 2 years: Safety and efficacy not established
    • Aged above 2 years
    • Weight between 10 to 24 kg: 50 mg SC once weekly
    • Weight between 25 to 49kg: 87.5 mg SC once weekly
    • Weight above 50 kg: 125 mg SC once weekly
    • Administer without a loading dose

Dosage Considerations – Should be Given as Follows

  • See “Dosages”

What Other Drugs Interact with Abatacept?

If your medical doctor is using this medicine to treat your pain, your doctor or pharmacist may already be aware of any possible drug interactions and may be monitoring you for them. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicine before checking with your doctor, health care provider, or pharmacist first

This information does not contain all possible interactions or adverse effects. Visit the RxList Drug Interaction Checker for any drug interactions. Therefore, before using this product, tell your doctor or pharmacist about all your products. Keep a list of all your medications with you and share this information with your doctor and pharmacist. Check with your health care professional or doctor for additional medical advice, or if you have health questions or concerns.

SLIDESHOW

What Is Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)? Symptoms, Treatment, Diagnosis See Slideshow

What Are Warnings and Precautions for Abatacept?

Contraindications

  • None listed by the manufacturer

Effects of drug abuse

  • None

Short-Term Effects

  • See “What Are Side Effects Associated with Using Abatacept?”

Long-Term Effects

  • See “What Are Side Effects Associated with Using Abatacept?”

Cautions

  • Appropriate medical support measures for the treatment of hypersensitivity reactions should be available for immediate use in event of reaction; if an anaphylactic or other serious allergic reaction occurs, stop administration immediately; institute appropriate therapy; permanently discontinue therapy
  • Higher risk for serious infections; concomitant use with a TNF antagonist can also increase the risk of infections and serious infections; concurrent therapy with another TNF antagonist is not recommended; discontinue if serious infections develop
  • Serious infections, including sepsis and pneumonia, are reported; some of these infections have been fatal; many of the serious infections have occurred in patients on concomitant immunosuppressive therapy which in addition to their underlying disease, could further predispose them to infection; a higher rate of serious infections has been observed in adult RA patients treated with concurrent TNF antagonists
  • Healthcare providers should exercise caution when considering therapy in patients with a history of recurrent infections, underlying conditions which may predispose them to infections, or chronic, latent, or localized infections; patients who develop a new infection while undergoing treatment should be monitored closely; administration should be discontinued if a patient develops a serious infection
  • Antirheumatic therapies have been associated with hepatitis B reactivation; screening for viral hepatitis should be performed following published guidelines before starting therapy
  • Before initiating therapy, patients should be screened for latent tuberculosis (TB) infection with a tuberculin skin test; therapy has not been studied in patients with a positive TB screen; safety of therapy in individuals with latent TB infection is unknown; patients testing positive in TB screening should be treated by standard medical practice before therapy
  • Before initiating therapy, update vaccinations following current vaccination guidelines; treated patients may receive current non-live vaccines; live vaccines should not be given concurrently or within 3 months after discontinuation; no data are available on the secondary transmission of infection from persons receiving live vaccines to patients receiving therapy; based on mechanism of action, therapy may blunt the effectiveness of some immunizations
  • Increased risk of lymphoma and lung cancer reported; significance unknown; increased risk of lymphoma associated with rheumatoid arthritis
  • Patients receiving therapy for RA reported developing adverse events more frequently, including COPD exacerbations, cough, rhonchi, and dyspnea; therapy in patients with COPD should be undertaken with caution and such patients should be monitored for worsening their respiratory status
  • The possibility exists for drugs inhibiting T cell activation, to affect host defenses against infections and malignancies since T cells mediate cellular immune responses; there have been reports of malignancies, including skin cancer in patients receiving therapy; periodic skin examinations are recommended for all treated patients, particularly those with risk factors for skin cancer
  • Higher incidence of infections and malignancy reported in the elderly; use caution

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) reactivation

  • CMV and EBV reactivation was reported in aGVHD prophylaxis after hematopoietic cell transplant (HSCT)
  • Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) occurred in patients who received the drug for aGVHD prophylaxis during unrelated HSCT; all the PTLD events were associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection; monitor patients for EBV reactivation following institutional practices; provide prophylaxis for EBV infection for 6 months post-transplantation to prevent EBV-associated PTLD
  • Cytomegalovirus (CMV) invasive disease reported in patients who received therapy for aGVHD prophylaxis during unrelated HSCT; monitor patients for CMV infection/reactivation for 6 months post-transplant regardless of results of donor and recipient pre-transplant CMV serology; consider prophylaxis for CMV infection/reactivation

Pregnancy & Lactation

  • There is a pregnancy exposure registry that monitors pregnancy outcomes in women exposed to therapy during pregnancy; healthcare professionals are encouraged to register patients and pregnant women are encouraged to enroll themselves by calling 1-877-311-8972
  • There are no adequate and well-controlled studies of use in pregnant women; data on pregnant women are insufficient to inform on drug-associated risk; however, there are clinical considerations for administering live vaccines to infants exposed to the drug while in utero
  • In reproductive toxicology studies in rats and rabbits, no fetal malformations were observed with intravenous administration during organogenesis at doses that produced exposures approximately 29 times the exposure at the maximum recommended human dose (MRHD) of 10 mg/kg/month on an AUC basis; however, in a pre-and postnatal development study in rats, therapy altered immune function in female rats at 11 times the MRHD on an AUC basis
  • It is unknown if abatacept can cross the placenta into the fetus when a woman is treated during pregnancy; the drug is an immunomodulatory agent; it is unknown if the immune response of an infant who was exposed in utero to abatacept and subsequently administered a live vaccine is impacted; risks and benefits should be considered before vaccinating such infants

Lactation

  • There is no information regarding the presence of abatacept in human milk, effects on the breastfed infant, or effects on milk production; however, abatacept was present in the milk of lactating rats dosed with abatacept.
References
https://reference.medscape.com/drug/orencia-orenica-clickject-abatacept-343194#6

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