Definition of Adult-onset Still disease

Reviewed on 3/29/2021
A rare type of inflammatory arthritis. Although Still disease was first described in children, it is known to begin in adults (rarely). Of all patients with Still disease, 100% have high intermittent?fever; 100% have joint inflammation and pain,?muscle pain?with fevers, and develop persistent chronic?arthritis. Ninety-five percent (95%) have the faint salmon-colored skin?rash. Eighty-five percent (85%) have swelling of the lymph glands or enlargement of the spleen and liver; and 85% have a marked increase in the white blood cell count. Sixty percent (60%) have inflammation of the lungs (pleuritis) or around the heart (pericarditis). Forty percent (40%) have severe?anemia. And twenty percent (20%) have?abdominal pain.

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