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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Adults

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Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) facts

  • Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a form of behavioral illness that results in symptoms of distractibility, impulsivity, and/or hyperactivity.
  • While there is no one cause for ADHD, there are biological and social risk factors that can increase the probability that an individual will develop the condition.
  • ADHD affects from 2%-6% of adults, afflicting men and women in equal numbers.
  • Many adults with ADHD may exhibit little to no hyperactivity, but for those who do, the symptoms of hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattention might be very similar symptoms in children and teens.
  • There are three types of ADHD: predominately inattentive presentation, predominately hyperactive/impulsive presentation, and the combined (inattentive, hyperactive/impulsive) presentation.
  • To evaluate an individual for ADHD, a health care provider will ask about the presence of medical conditions and either perform or refer for a physical examination. Lab tests are done and people are screened for ADHD and for other mental health problems.
  • Psychological treatments for ADHD in adults include education about the disorder, being part of an ADHD support group, and training on a variety of skills.
  • Adults with ADHD are frequently prescribed long-acting stimulant medication and may also benefit from nonstimulant medication.
  • Home remedies like dietary restrictions and vitamin supplements for ADHD in adults have few studies of their effectiveness.
  • The prognosis for people with ADHD is usually influenced by symptom severity, the person's level of intelligence, the presence of family issues, and whether or not he or she has other mental health conditions.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/27/2017


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