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Alcaine

Last reviewed on RxList: 2/4/2021
Alcaine Patient Information Including Side Effects

Brand Names: AK-Taine, Alcaine, Ocu-Caine, Ophthaine, Ophthetic, Parcaine

Generic Name: proparacaine ophthalmic

What is proparacaine ophthalmic?

Proparacaine ophthalmic (for the eyes) is a numbing medicine used to prepare the eyes for an eye examination, surgery, or other procedure.

Proparacaine ophthalmic may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What are the possible side effects of proparacaine ophthalmic?

Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Tell your caregivers right away if you have severe burning, stinging, or irritation in your eyes after receiving proparacaine ophthalmic eyedrops.

Call your doctor at once if you have:

  • slow healing after eye surgery;
  • vision changes; or
  • a restless or nervous feeling followed by depression.

Common side effects may include:

  • eye redness or mild discomfort;
  • watery eyes; or
  • increased winking.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What is the most important information I should know about proparacaine ophthalmic?

Avoid touching your eye until the numbing effects of this medicine have worn off completely.

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Alcaine Patient Information including How Should I Take

What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before receiving proparacaine ophthalmic?

You should not be treated with proparacaine ophthalmic if you are allergic to it.

Tell your doctor if you have ever had:

  • allergies;
  • heart problems; or
  • an overactive thyroid.

Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.

How should I use proparacaine ophthalmic?

Proparacaine ophthalmic is most often used only in a doctor's office or surgical setting.

Proparacaine ophthalmic is usually given in only one dose for an eye exam or procedure.

For eye surgery, you may receive several doses before and during the surgery.

A healthcare provider will give you this medicine.

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Alcaine Patient Information including If I Miss a Dose

What happens if I miss a dose?

Since proparacaine ophthalmic is used when needed and given by a healthcare provider, you will not miss a dose.

What happens if I overdose?

Since this medicine is given by a healthcare professional in a medical setting, an overdose is unlikely to occur.

What should I avoid while using proparacaine ophthalmic?

Avoid touching your eye until the numbing effects of this medicine have worn off completely.

This medicine may cause blurred vision, or make your eyes very sensitive to light. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be able to see clearly.

You may need to protect your eyes from bright light for a short time after being treated with proparacaine ophthalmic.

What other drugs will affect proparacaine ophthalmic?

Medicine used in the eyes is not likely to be affected by other drugs you use. But many drugs can interact with each other. Tell each of your healthcare providers about all medicines you use, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.

Where can I get more information?

Your pharmacist can provide more information about proparacaine ophthalmic.


Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.

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