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Allergy Drugs: Prescription and OTC (cont.)

Medical Editor:

Allergy medication for children

Many over-the-counter antihistamines are safe for use in children beginning at the age of two – and several come in a liquid dosage form (loratadine, diphenhydramine) which makes them easy to administer. Parents should pay careful attention to dosing.

Examples of allergy medications

Older (first-generation) antihistamines:

  • Diphenhydramine (Benadryl)
  • Chlorpheniramine (Chlor-Trimeton)
  • Brompheniramine (Dimetapp, Dimetane)
  • Carbinoxamine (Palgic)
  • Clemastine (Tavist)
  • Cyproheptadine (Periactin)
  • Hydroxyzine (Vistaril)

Newer (second-generation) antihistamines:

  • Cetirizine (Zyrtec)
  • Desloratadine (Clarinex)
  • Fexofenadine (Allegra)
  • Loratadine (Claritin)
  • Levocetirizine (Xyzal)

Antihistamine nasal sprays:

  • Azelastine (Astelin, Astepro)
  • Azelastine and fluticasone (Dymista)
  • Olopatadine (Patanase)

Antihistamine/Decongestant combinations:

  • Acrivastine (Semprex-D)
  • Cetirizine (Zyrtec-D)
  • Fexofenadine (Allegra-D)
  • (Loratadine) Claritin-D


  • Azelastine (Optivar)
  • Emadastine (Emadine)
  • Naphazoline/pheniramine (Naphcon-A, Opcon-A, Visine-A)
  • Epinastine (Elestat)
  • Ketotifen (Zaditor, Alaway)
  • Olopatadine (Patanol, Pataday)
  • Loteprednol (Alrex, Lotemax)
  • Naphazoline (AK-Con, Casocon, Albalan)
  • Cromolyn (Crolom)
  • Lodoxamine (Alomide)
  • Nedocromil (Alocril)
  • Pemirolast (Alamast)
  • Ketorolac (Acular)

Nasal corticosteroids:

  • Beclomethasone Dipropionate (QNasl)
  • Budesonide (Rhinocort Aqua)
  • Ciclesonide (Omnaris)
  • Flunisolide
  • Fluticasone furoate (Veramyst)
  • Fluticasone propionate (Flonase)
  • Mometasone furoate (Nasonex)
  • Triamcinolone acetonide (Nasacort AQ)
  • Beclomethasone dipropionate (Beconase AQ)

Mast cell stabilizers:

  • Cromolyn sodium (Nasalcrom nasal spray)

Leukotriene drugs used for allergies:

  • Montelukast (Singulair)

Nasal anticholinergics:

Decongestants (Nasal):

  • Oxymetazoline (Afrin)

Decongestants (Oral):

  • Pseudoephedrine (Sudafed)
  • Phenylephrine

Topical steroids for skin allergy:

Immunomodulators for skin allergy:

  • Pimecrolimus (Elidel)
  • Tacrolimus (Protopic)


Allergy and Asthma Foundation of America

American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology

Reviewed By:

Michael Manning, M.D.

American Board of Allergy & Immunology

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/2/2016

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