HOW DO ANTIANGINAL AGENTS WORK?
Antianginal agents are drugs used to provide immediate relief from angina symptoms and prevent angina attacks.
Angina is chest pain or discomfort that happens because of reduced blood flow to the heart. Angina results from an imbalance in the oxygen supply/demand ratio. Due to the lower oxygen supply and greater oxygen demand, there is increased pressure on the heart. Constriction of blood vessels and formation of blood clots may be the major reason for disturbing the oxygen supply/demand ratio.
Antianginal drugs act by:
- Increasing blood flow to the heart
- Increasing oxygen supply to the heart
- Dilating the blood vessels to reduce the load on the heart
- Preventing clot formation in the blood vessels
- Reducing oxygen demand by decreasing heart rate and contraction
HOW ARE ANTIANGINAL AGENTS USED?
Antianginal agents are used for treating angina pain and preventing an angina attack.
WHAT ARE SIDE EFFECTS OF ANTIANGINAL AGENTS?
Antianginal agents can cause the following side effects:
- Low blood pressure
- Increased heart rate
- Blurred vision
- Nausea and vomiting
- Dry mouth
- Prolonged bleeding time
- Low platelet count
- Shortness of breath
The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible side effects, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. Check with your doctor or pharmacist to make sure these drugs do not cause any harm when you take them along with other medicines. Never stop taking your medication and never change your dose or frequency without consulting your doctor.
WHAT ARE NAMES OF ANTIANGINAL AGENTS?
Generic and brand names of antianginal agents include:
- Amyl nitrite
- Glyceryl trinitrate transdermal
- Glyceryl trinitrate translingual spray
- Inderal la
- Innopran xl
- Nitroglycerin transdermal
- Nitroglycerin translingual
- Transdermal nitroglycerin