Antibiotic Resistance: Questions & Answers (cont.)
In this Article
- Antibiotic resistance facts
- What are bacteria and viruses?
- What kinds of infections are caused by viruses and should not be treated with antibiotics?
- What is an antibiotic?
- What is antibiotic resistance?
- Why should I be concerned about antibiotic resistance?
- Why are bacteria becoming resistant to antibiotics?
- How do bacteria become resistant to antibiotics?
- How can I prevent antibiotic-resistant infections?
- What about antibacterial-containing products?
- Do probiotics have a role in resistance or resistant infections?
What is antibiotic resistance?
Antibiotic resistance is the ability of bacteria or other microbes to resist the effects of an antibiotic. Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria change in some way that reduces or eliminates the effectiveness of drugs, chemicals, or other agents designed to cure or prevent infections. The bacteria survive and continue to multiply causing more harm.
Why should I be concerned about antibiotic resistance?
Antibiotic resistance has been called one of the world's most pressing public health problems. Almost every type of bacteria has become stronger and less responsive to antibiotic treatment when it is really needed. These antibiotic-resistant bacteria can quickly spread to family members, schoolmates, and co-workers - threatening the community with a new strain of infectious disease that is more difficult to cure and more expensive to treat. For this reason, antibiotic resistance is among CDC's top concerns.
Antibiotic resistance can cause significant danger and suffering for children and adults who have common infections, once easily treatable with antibiotics. Microbes can develop resistance to specific medicines. A common misconception is that a person's body becomes resistant to specific drugs. However, it is microbes, not people, that become resistant to the drugs.
If a microbe is resistant to many drugs, treating the infections it causes can become difficult or even impossible. Someone with an infection that is resistant to a certain medicine can pass that resistant infection to another person. In this way, a hard-to-treat illness can be spread from person to person. In some cases, the illness can lead to serious disability or even death.
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