Brand Names: Acuprin 81, Arthritis Pain, Ascriptin, Ascriptin Enteric, Aspi-Cor, Aspir 81, Aspir-Low, Aspirin Enteric Coated, Aspirin Lite Coat, Aspirin Litecoat, Aspirin Low Dose, Aspirin Low Strength, Aspirtab, Bayer Aspirin, Bayer Aspirin Regimen, Bayer Aspirin Sugar Free, Bayer Childrens Aspirin, Bayer Low Dose, Bayer Low Strength, Bayer Plus, Buffered Aspirin, Bufferin, Buffex, Durlaza, Easprin, Ecotrin, Ecotrin Adult Low Strength, Ecotrin Maximum Strength, Ecpirin, Empirin, Entaprin, Entercote, Extra Strength Bayer, Fasprin, Genacote, Gennin-FC, Genprin, Halfprin, Litecoat Aspirin, Low Dose ASA, Miniprin, Minitabs, Norwich Aspirin, St. Joseph Aspirin, St. Joseph Aspirin Adult Chewable, St. Joseph Aspirin Adult EC, Tri-Buffered Aspirin
Generic Name: aspirin (oral)
- What is aspirin?
- What are the possible side effects of aspirin?
- What is the most important information I should know about aspirin?
- What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking aspirin?
- How should I take aspirin?
- What happens if I miss a dose?
- What happens if I overdose?
- What should I avoid while taking aspirin?
- What other drugs will affect aspirin?
- Where can I get more information?
What is aspirin?
Aspirin is a salicylate (sa-LIS-il-ate). It works by reducing substances in the body that cause pain, fever, and inflammation.
Aspirin is used to treat pain, and reduce fever or inflammation. Aspirin is sometimes used to treat or prevent heart attacks, strokes, and chest pain (angina). Aspirin should be used for cardiovascular conditions only under the supervision of a doctor.
Aspirin may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
What are the possible side effects of aspirin?
Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Stop using aspirin and call your doctor at once if you have:
- ringing in your ears, confusion, hallucinations, rapid breathing, seizure (convulsions);
- severe nausea, vomiting, or stomach pain;
- bloody or tarry stools, coughing up blood or vomit that looks like coffee grounds;
- fever lasting longer than 3 days; or
- swelling, or pain lasting longer than 10 days.
Common side effects may include:
- upset stomach, heartburn;
- drowsiness; or
- mild headache.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
What is the most important information I should know about aspirin?
You should not use aspirin if you have a bleeding disorder such as hemophilia, a recent history of stomach or intestinal bleeding, or if you are allergic to an NSAID (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug).
Aspirin can cause Reye's syndrome, a serious and sometimes fatal condition in children.
What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking aspirin?
Do not give this medicine to a child or teenager with a fever, flu symptoms, or chicken pox. Aspirin can cause Reye's syndrome, a serious and sometimes fatal condition in children.
You should not use aspirin if you are allergic to it, or if you have:
- a recent history of stomach or intestinal bleeding;
- a bleeding disorder such as hemophilia; or
- if you have ever had an asthma attack or severe allergic reaction after taking aspirin or an NSAID (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug).
Tell your doctor if you have ever had:
- asthma or seasonal allergies;
- stomach ulcers;
- liver disease;
- kidney disease;
- a bleeding or blood clotting disorder;
- gout; or
- heart disease, high blood pressure, or congestive heart failure.
Taking aspirin during late pregnancy may cause bleeding in the mother or the baby during delivery. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.
You should not breast-feed while using this medicine.
How should I take aspirin?
Use exactly as directed on the label, or as prescribed by your doctor.
Take with food if aspirin upsets your stomach.
Do not crush, chew, break, or open an enteric-coated or delayed-release pill. Swallow it whole.
The chewable tablet form of aspirin must be chewed before swallowing.
If you use the orally disintegrating tablet or the dispersible tablet, follow all dosing instructions provided with your medicine.
If you need surgery, tell your surgeon you currently use this medicine. You may need to stop for a short time.
Do not take this medicine if you smell a strong vinegar odor in the aspirin bottle. The medicine may no longer be effective.
Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat.
What happens if I miss a dose?
Since aspirin is used when needed, you may not be on a dosing schedule. Skip any missed dose if it's almost time for your next dose. Do not use two doses at one time.
What happens if I overdose?
Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.
Overdose symptoms may include temporary hearing loss, seizure (convulsions), or coma.
What should I avoid while taking aspirin?
Avoid alcohol. Heavy drinking can increase your risk of stomach bleeding.
If you are taking aspirin to prevent heart attack or stroke, avoid also taking ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin). Ibuprofen may make aspirin less effective. If you must use both medications, take the ibuprofen at least 8 hours before or 30 minutes after you take the aspirin (non-enteric coated form).
Ask a doctor or pharmacist before using other medicines for pain, fever, swelling, or cold/flu symptoms. They may contain ingredients similar to aspirin (such as magnesium salicylate, ibuprofen, ketoprofen, or naproxen).
What other drugs will affect aspirin?
Ask your doctor before using aspirin if you take an antidepressant. Taking certain antidepressants with aspirin may cause you to bruise or bleed easily.
Ask a doctor or pharmacist before using aspirin with any other medications, especially:
- a blood thinner (warfarin, Coumadin, Jantoven), or other medication used to prevent blood clots; or
- other salicylates such as Nuprin Backache Caplet, Kaopectate, KneeRelief, Pamprin Cramp Formula, Pepto-Bismol, Tricosal, Trilisate, and others.
This list is not complete. Other drugs may affect aspirin, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Not all possible drug interactions are listed here.
Where can I get more information?
Your pharmacist can provide more information about aspirin.
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