Aspirin

Last reviewed on RxList: 8/5/2020
Aspirin Patient Information Including Side Effects

Brand Names: Adult Aspirin, Adult Aspirin Regimen, Arthritis Pain, Ascriptin, Ascriptin Enteric, Aspi-Cor, Aspir 81, Aspir-Low, Aspirin Enteric Coated, Aspirin Lite Coat, Aspirin Litecoat, Aspirin Low Dose, Aspirin Low Strength, Aspirtab, Bayer Aspirin, Bayer Aspirin Regimen, Bayer Aspirin Sugar Free, Bayer Childrens Aspirin, Bayer Low Dose, Bayer Plus, Buffered Aspirin, Bufferin, Buffex, Durlaza, Easprin, Ecotrin, Ecotrin Adult Low Strength, Ecpirin, Empirin, Entaprin, Entercote, Extra Strength Bayer, Genacote, Gennin-FC, Genprin, Halfprin, Litecoat Aspirin, Miniprin, Norwich Aspirin, St. Joseph Aspirin, St. Joseph Aspirin Adult Chewable, St. Joseph Aspirin Adult EC, St. Joseph Low Dose Aspirin, Tri-Buffered Aspirin

Generic Name: aspirin (oral)

What is aspirin?

Aspirin is a salicylate (sa-LIS-il-ate) that is used to treat pain, and reduce fever or inflammation.

Aspirin is sometimes used to treat or prevent heart attacks, strokes, and chest pain (angina). Aspirin should be used for cardiovascular conditions only under the supervision of a doctor.

Aspirin may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What are the possible side effects of aspirin?

Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Stop using aspirin and call your doctor at once if you have:

Common side effects may include:

  • upset stomach, heartburn;
  • drowsiness; or
  • mild headache.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What is the most important information I should know about aspirin?

You should not use aspirin if you have a bleeding disorder such as hemophilia, a recent history of stomach or intestinal bleeding, or if you are allergic to an NSAID (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug).

Aspirin can cause Reye's syndrome, a serious and sometimes fatal condition in children.

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Aspirin Patient Information including How Should I Take

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What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking aspirin?

Do not give this medicine to a child or teenager with a fever, flu symptoms, or chickenpox. Aspirin can cause Reye's syndrome, a serious and sometimes fatal condition in children.

You should not use aspirin if you are allergic to it, or if you have:

  • a recent history of stomach or intestinal bleeding;
  • a bleeding disorder such as hemophilia; or
  • if you have ever had an asthma attack or severe allergic reaction after taking aspirin or an NSAID (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug).

Tell your doctor if you have ever had:

Taking aspirin during late pregnancy may cause bleeding in the mother or the baby during delivery. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.

You should not breastfeed while using this medicine.

How should I take aspirin?

Use exactly as directed on the label, or as prescribed by your doctor.

Always follow directions on the medicine label about giving aspirin to a child.

Take with food if aspirin upsets your stomach.

You must chew the chewable tablet before you swallow it.

Do not crush, chew, break, or open an enteric-coated or delayed/extended-release pill. Swallow it whole.

If you need surgery, tell your surgeon you currently use this medicine. You may need to stop for a short time.

Do not use aspirin if you smell a strong vinegar odor in the aspirin bottle. The medicine may no longer be effective.

Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat.

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Aspirin Patient Information including If I Miss a Dose

What happens if I miss a dose?

Since aspirin is used when needed, you may not be on a dosing schedule. Skip any missed dose if it's almost time for your next dose. Do not use two doses at one time.

What happens if I overdose?

Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.

Overdose symptoms may include stomach pain, vomiting, diarrhea, vision or hearing problems, fast or slow breathing, or confusion.

What should I avoid while taking aspirin?

Avoid alcohol. Heavy drinking can increase your risk of stomach bleeding.

If you are taking aspirin to prevent heart attack or stroke, avoid also taking ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin). Ibuprofen can make aspirin less effective in protecting your heart and blood vessels. If you must use both medications, ask your doctor how far apart your doses should be.

Ask a doctor or pharmacist before using other medicines for pain, fever, swelling, or cold/flu symptoms. They may contain ingredients similar to aspirin (such as magnesium salicylate, ibuprofen, ketoprofen, or naproxen).

What other drugs will affect aspirin?

Ask your doctor before using aspirin if you take an antidepressant. Taking certain antidepressants with aspirin may cause you to bruise or bleed easily.

Ask a doctor or pharmacist before using aspirin with any other medications, especially:

  • a blood thinner (warfarin, Coumadin, Jantoven), or other medication used to prevent blood clots; or
  • other salicylates such as Nuprin Backache Caplet, Kaopectate, KneeRelief, Pamprin Cramp Formula, Pepto-Bismol, Tricosal, Trilisate, and others.

This list is not complete. Other drugs may affect aspirin, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Not all possible drug interactions are listed here.

Where can I get more information?

Your pharmacist can provide more information about aspirin.


Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.
Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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