- Are Lexapro and Ativan the Same Thing?
- What Are Possible Side Effects of Ativan?
- What Are Possible Side Effects of Lexapro?
- What Is Ativan?
- What Is Lexapro?
- What Drugs Interact with Ativan?
- What Drugs Interact with Lexapro?
- How Should Ativan Be Taken?
- How Should Lexapro Be Taken?
Are Lexapro and Ativan the Same Thing?
Ativan (lorazepam) and Lexapro (escitalopram) are used to treat anxiety.
Ativan is also used to treat insomnia, panic attacks, and alcohol withdrawal.
Lexapro is also used to treat major depressive disorder in adults and adolescents who are at least 12 years old.
Ativan and Lexapro belong to different drug classes. Ativan is a benzodiazepine and Lexapro is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) type antidepressant.
What Are Possible Side Effects of Ativan?
Most adverse reactions to benzodiazepines, including CNS effects and respiratory depression, are dose dependent, with more severe effects occurring with high doses.
- Muscle weakness
- Blurred vision
- Sleep problems (insomnia)
- Loss of balance or coordination
- Forgetfulness or amnesia
- Difficulty concentrating
- Changes in appetite
- Skin rash
What Are Possible Side Effects of Lexapro?
Side effects of Lexapro include
- sleep problems (insomnia),
- upset stomach,
- weight changes,
- dry mouth,
- ringing in the ears,
- decreased sex drive,
- impotence, or
- difficulty having an orgasm.
What is Ativan?
Ativan (lorazepam) is indicated for the management of anxiety disorders or for the short-term relief of the symptoms of anxiety or anxiety associated with depressive symptoms. Anxiety or tension associated with the stress of everyday life usually does not require treatment with an anxiolytic.
What is Lexapro?
Lexapro is a prescription medicine used to treat depression. It is important to talk with your healthcare provider about the risks of treating depression and also the risks of not treating it. You should discuss all treatment choices with your healthcare provider. Lexapro is also used to treat:
- Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
Talk to your healthcare provider if you do not think that your condition is getting better with Lexapro treatment.
What Drugs Interact With Ativan?
Ativan produces increased central nervous system (CNS) depressant effects when administered with other CNS depressants such as alcohol, barbiturates, antipsychotics, sedative/hypnotics, anxiolytics, antidepressants, narcotic analgesics, sedative antihistamines, anticonvulsants,and anesthetics
The use of clozapine and lorazepam may produce marked sedation, excessive salivation, hypotension, ataxia, delirium, and respiratory arrest.
What Drugs Interact With Lexapro?
Do not take Lexapro if you:
- are allergic to escitalopram oxalate or citalopram hydrobromide or any of the ingredients in Lexapro. See the end of this Medication Guide for a complete list of ingredients in Lexapro.
- take a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI). Ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist if you are not sure if you take an MAOI, including the antibiotic linezolid.
- take the antipsychotic medicine pimozide (Orap®) because taking this drug with Lexapro can cause serious heart problems.
Do not take an MAOI within 2 weeks of stopping Lexapro unless directed to do so by your physician.
Do not start Lexapro if you stopped taking an MAOI in the last 2 weeks unless directed to do so by your physician.
People who take Lexapro close in time to an MAOI may have serious or even life-threatening side effects. Get medical help right away if you have any of these symptoms:
- high fever
- uncontrolled muscle spasms
- stiff muscles
- rapid changes in heart rate or blood pressure
- loss of consciousness (pass out)
Before starting Lexapro, tell your healthcare provider if you:
- Are taking certain drugs such as:
- Triptans used to treat migraine headache
- Medicines used to treat mood, anxiety, psychotic or thought disorders, including tricyclics, lithium, SSRIs, SNRIs, amphetamines, or antipsychotics
- Over-the-counter supplements such as tryptophan or St. John's Wort
- have liver problems
- have kidney problems
- have heart problems
- have or had seizures or convulsions
- have bipolar disorder or mania
- have low sodium levels in your blood
- have a history of a stroke
- have high blood pressure
- have or had bleeding problems
- are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.
It is not known if Lexapro will harm your unborn baby. Talk to your healthcare provider about the benefits and risks of treating depression during pregnancy are breast-feeding or plan to breast-feed. Some Lexapro may pass into your breast milk. Talk to your healthcare provider about the best way to feed your baby while taking Lexapro. Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines that you take, including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Lexapro and some medicines may interact with each other, may not work as well, or may cause serious side effects.
Your healthcare provider or pharmacist can tell you if it is safe to take Lexapro with your other medicines. Do not start or stop any medicine while taking Lexapro without talking to your healthcare provider first.
If you take Lexapro, you should not take any other medicines that contain escitalopram oxalate or citalopram hydrobromide including: Celexa.
Especially tell your healthcare provider if you take:
- triptans used to treat migraine headache
- medicines used to treat mood, anxiety, psychotic or thought disorders, including tricyclics, lithium, buspirone, SSRIs, SNRIs or MAOIs
- tramadol and fentanyl
- the antibiotics ciprofloxacin, enoxacin
- medicine to treat irregular heart rate (like propafenone, flecainide, quinidine)
- the blood thinner warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven)
- non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) (like ibuprofen, naproxen or aspirin).
- over-the-counter supplements such as tryptophan or St. John's Wort
- thioridazine (Mellaril). Mellaril together with Lexapro can cause serious heart rhythm problems or sudden death.
Ask your healthcare provider for a list of these medicines if you are not sure.
Do not take Lexapro with any other medicine that contain duloxetine.
How Should Ativan Be Taken?
Ativan (lorazepam) is administered orally. For optimal results, dose, frequency of administration, and duration of therapy should be individualized according to patient response. To facilitate this, 0.5 mg, 1 mg, and 2 mg tablets are available.
The usual range is 2 to 6 mg/day given in divided doses, the largest dose being taken before bedtime, but the daily dosage may vary from 1 to 10 mg/day.
For anxiety, most patients require an initial dose of 2 to 3 mg/day given two
or three times a day.
For insomnia due to anxiety or transient situational stress, a single daily dose of 2 to 4 mg may be given, usually at bedtime.
For elderly or debilitated patients, an initial dosage of 1 to 2 mg/day in divided doses is recommended, to be adjusted as needed and tolerated.
The dosage of Ativan (lorazepam) should be increased gradually when needed to help avoid adverse effects. When higher dosage is indicated, the evening dose should be increased before the daytime doses.
How Should Lexapro Be Taken?
Take Lexapro exactly as prescribed. Your healthcare provider may need to change the dose of Lexapro until it is the right dose for you.
Lexapro may be taken with or without food.
If you miss a dose of Lexapro, take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and take your next dose at the regular time. Do not take two doses of Lexapro at the same time.
If you take too much Lexapro, call your healthcare provider or poison control center right away, or get emergency treatment.
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FDA. Ativan Medication Guide.
Allergan. Lexapro Side Effects Drug Center.