Ayvakit

Medical Editor: John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP Last updated on RxList: 9/1/2021
Drug Description

What is Ayvakit and how is it used?

Ayvakit is a prescription medicine used to treat the symptoms of Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors and Systemic Mastocytosis. Ayvakit may be used alone or with other medications.

Ayvakit belongs to a class of drugs called Antineoplastics, Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor; PDGFR-alpha Inhibitors.

It is not known if Ayvakit is safe and effective in children.

What are the possible side effects of Ayvakit?

Ayvakit may cause serious side effects including:

  • hives,
  • difficulty breathing,
  • swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat,
  • severe headache,
  • vision problems,
  • unusual changes in mood or behavior,
  • problems with speech, thinking, or memory,
  • confusion,
  • hallucinations,
  • severe drowsiness,
  • dizziness,
  • trouble sleeping, and
  • severe weakness on one side of your body

Get medical help right away, if you have any of the symptoms listed above.

The most common side effects of Ayvakit include:

  • nausea,
  • vomiting,
  • loss of appetite,
  • stomach pain,
  • diarrhea,
  • constipation,
  • fluid retention,
  • swelling,
  • dizziness,
  • weakness,
  • tiredness,
  • muscle weakness,
  • water eyes,
  • rash, and
  • hair color changes

Tell the doctor if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.

These are not all the possible side effects of Ayvakit. For more information, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

DESCRIPTION

Avapritinib is a kinase inhibitor with the chemical name (S)-1-(4-fluorophenyl)-1-(2-(4-(6-(1-methyl-1Hpyrazol- 4-yl)pyrrolo[2,1-f][1,2,4]triazin-4-yl)piperazin-yl)pyrimidin-5-yl)ethan-1-amine. The molecular formula is C26H27FN10, and the molecular weight is 498.57 g/mol. Avapritinib has the following chemical structure:

AYVAKIT (avapritinib) Structural Formula Illustration

The solubility of avapritinib in 0.1N HCl (pH 1.0) and buffer solutions at pH 2.5, 4.0, and 7.0 (at 25°C) is 3.6 mg/mL, 0.14 mg/mL, 0.07 mg/mL and <0.001 mg/mL respectively, indicating a decrease in solubility with increasing pH.

AYVAKIT (avapritinib) film-coated tablets for oral use are supplied with three strengths that contain 100 mg, 200 mg or 300 mg of avapritinib. The tablets also contain inactive ingredients: copovidone, croscarmellose sodium, magnesium stearate, and microcrystalline cellulose. The tablet coating consists of polyethylene glycol, polyvinyl alcohol, talc, and titanium dioxide. The blue printing ink contains ammonium hydroxide, black iron oxide, esterified shellac, FD&C blue 1, isopropyl alcohol, n-butyl alcohol, propylene glycol, and titanium dioxide.

Side Effects & Drug Interactions

SIDE EFFECTS

The following clinically significant adverse reactions are described elsewhere in the labeling:

  • Intracranial hemorrhage [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
  • Cognitive effects [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]

Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

The data in the WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS reflect exposure to AYVAKIT at 30 mg to 600 mg orally once daily in 749 patients enrolled in one of four clinicals trials conducted in patients with advanced malignancies and systemic mastocytosis, including NAVIGATOR, EXPLORER and PATHFINDER [see Clinical Studies]. These patients included 601 patients with GIST and 148 patients with systemic mastocytosis. Among the 749 patients receiving AYVAKIT, 46% were exposed for 6 months or longer and 23% were exposed for greater than 1 year.

Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors

Unresectable Or Metastatic GIST

The safety of AYVAKIT in patients with unresectable or metastatic GIST was evaluated in NAVIGATOR [see Clinical Studies]. The trial excluded patients with history of cerebrovascular accident or transient ischemic attacks, known risk of intracranial bleeding, and metastases to the brain. Patients received AYVAKIT 300 mg or 400 mg orally once daily (n = 204). Among patients receiving AYVAKIT, 56% were exposed for 6 months or longer and 44% were exposed for greater than one year.

The median age of patients who received AYVAKIT was 62 years (range: 29 to 90 years), 60% were <65 years, 62% were male, and 69% were White. Patients had received a median of 3 prior kinase inhibitors (range: 0 to 7).

Serious adverse reactions occurred in 52% of patients receiving AYVAKIT. Serious adverse reactions occurring in ≥1% of patients who received AYVAKIT were anemia (9%), abdominal pain (3%), pleural effusion (3%), sepsis (3%), gastrointestinal hemorrhage (2%), vomiting (2%), acute kidney injury (2%), pneumonia (1%), and tumor hemorrhage (1%). Fatal adverse reactions occurred in 3.4% of patients. Fatal adverse reactions that occurred in more than one patient were sepsis and tumor hemorrhage (1% each).

Permanent discontinuation due to adverse reactions occurred in 16% of patients who received AYVAKIT. Adverse reactions requiring permanent discontinuation in more than one patient were fatigue, abdominal pain, vomiting, sepsis, anemia, acute kidney injury, and encephalopathy.

Dosage interruptions due to an adverse reaction occurred in 57% of patients who received AYVAKIT. Adverse reactions requiring dosage interruption in >2% of patients who received AYVAKIT were anemia, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, hyperbilirubinemia, memory impairment, diarrhea, cognitive disorder, and abdominal pain.

Dose reduction due to an adverse reaction occurred in 49% of patients who received AYVAKIT. Median time to dose reduction was 9 weeks. Adverse reactions requiring dosage reduction in more than 2% of patients who received AYVAKIT were fatigue, anemia, hyperbilirubinemia, memory impairment, nausea, and periorbital edema.

The most common adverse reactions (≥ 20%) were edema, nausea, fatigue/asthenia, cognitive impairment, vomiting, decreased appetite, diarrhea, hair color changes, increased lacrimation, abdominal pain, constipation, rash, and dizziness. Table 3 summarizes the adverse reactions observed in NAVIGATOR.

Table 3: Adverse Reactions (≥ 10%) in Patients with GIST Receiving AYVAKIT in NAVIGATOR

Adverse Reactions AYVAKIT
N=204
All Grades % Grade ≥ 3 %
General
Edemaa 72 2
Fatigue/asthenia 61 9
Pyrexia 14 0.5
Gastrointestinal
Nausea 64 2.5
Vomiting 38 2
Diarrhea 37 4.9
Abdominal painb 31 6
Constipation 23 1.5
Dyspepsia 16 0
Nervous System
Cognitive impairmentc 48 4.9
Dizziness 22 0.5
Headache 17 0.5
Sleep disordersd 16 0
Taste effectse 15 0
Mood disordersf 13 1
Metabolism and nutrition
Decreased appetite 38 2.9
Eye
Increased lacrimation 33 0
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Rashg 23 2.1
Hair color changes 21 0.5
Alopecia 13 -
Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal
Dyspnea 17 2.5
Pleural effusion 12 2
Investigations
Weight decreased 13 1
*Per National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.03 and 5.0
a Edema includes face swelling, conjunctival edema, eye edema, eyelid edema, orbital edema, periorbital edema, face edema, mouth edema, pharyngeal edema, peripheral edema, edema, generalized edema, localized edema, peripheral swelling, testicular edema.
b Abdominal pain includes abdominal pain, upper abdominal pain, abdominal discomfort, lower abdominal pain, abdominal tenderness, and epigastric discomfort.
c Cognitive impairment includes memory impairment, cognitive disorder, confusional state, disturbance in attention, amnesia, mental impairment, mental status changes, encephalopathy, dementia, abnormal thinking, mental disorder, and retrograde amnesia.
d Sleep disorders includes insomnia, somnolence, and sleep disorder.
e Taste effects include dysgeusia and ageusia.
f Mood disorders includes agitation, anxiety, depression, depressed mood, dysphoria, irritability, mood altered, nervousness, personality change, and suicidal ideation.
g Rash includes rash, rash maculo-papular, rash erythematous, rash macular, rash generalized, and rash papular.

Clinically relevant adverse reactions occurring in <10% of patients were:

Vascular: hypertension (8%)

Endocrine: thyroid disorders (hyperthyroid, hypothyroid) (3%)

Skin and subcutaneous: palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia (1%)

Table 4 summarizes the laboratory abnormalities observed in NAVIGATOR.

Table 4: Select Laboratory Abnormalities (≥ 10%) Worsening from Baseline in Patients with GIST Receiving AYVAKIT in NAVIGATOR

Laboratory Abnormality AYVAKITa
N=204
All Grades (%) Grade ≥ 3 (%)
Hematology
Decreased hemoglobin 81 28
Decreased leukocytes 62 5
Decreased neutrophils 43 6
Decreased platelets 27 0.5
Increased INR 24 0.6
Increased activated partial thromboplastin time 13 0
Chemistry
Increased bilirubin 69 9
Increased aspartate aminotransferase 51 1.5
Decreased phosphate 49 13
Decreases potassium 34 6
Decreased albumin 31 2
Decreased magnesium 29 1
Increased creatinine 29 0
Decreased sodium 28 7
Increased alanine aminotransferase 19 0.5
Increased alkaline phosphatase 14 1
a The denominator used to calculate the rate varied from 154 to 201 based on the number of patients with a baseline value and at least one post-treatment value.

Advanced Systemic Mastocytosis

The safety of AYVAKIT in patients with AdvSM was evaluated in EXPLORER and PATHFINDER [see Clinical Studies]. Patients received a starting dose of AYVAKIT ranging from 30 mg to 400 mg orally once daily (n = 131), including 80 patients who received the recommended starting dose of 200 mg once daily. Among patients receiving AYVAKIT, 70% were treated for 6 months or longer and 37% were exposed for greater than one year.

The median age of patients who received AYVAKIT was 68 years (range: 31 to 88 years), 38% were <65 years, 57% were male, and 88% were White.

Serious adverse reactions occurred in 34% of patients receiving the recommended starting dose of 200 mg once daily and in 50% of patients receiving AYVAKIT at all doses. Serious adverse reactions occurring in ≥1% of patients who received AYVAKIT were anemia (5%), subdural hematoma (4%), pleural effusion, ascites and pneumonia (3% each), acute kidney injury, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, intracranial hemorrhage, encephalopathy, gastric hemorrhage, large intestine perforation, pyrexia, and vomiting (2% each). Fatal adverse reactions occurred in 2.5% of patients receiving the recommended starting dose of 200 mg once daily and in 5.3% of patients receiving AYVAKIT at all doses. No specific adverse reaction leading to death was reported in more than one patient.

Permanent discontinuation due to adverse reactions occurred in 10% of patients receiving the recommended starting dose of 200 mg once daily and in 15% of patients who received AYVAKIT at all doses. Of patients receiving 200 mg once daily, subdural hematoma was the only adverse reaction requiring permanent discontinuation in more than one patient.

Dosage interruptions due to an adverse reaction occurred in 60% of patients receiving the recommended starting dose of 200 mg once daily and in 67% of patients who received AYVAKIT at all doses. Adverse reactions requiring dosage interruption in >2% of patients who received AYVAKIT at 200 mg once daily were thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, neutrophil count decreased, platelet count decreased, anemia, white blood cell decreased, cognitive disorder, blood alkaline phosphatase increased, and edema peripheral.

Dose reduction due to an adverse reaction occurred in 68% of patients receiving the recommended starting dose of 200 mg once daily and 70% of patients who received AYVAKIT at all doses. Median time to dose reduction was 1.7 months. Adverse reactions requiring dosage reduction in more than 2% of patients who received AYVAKIT at 200 mg once daily were thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, edema peripheral, neutrophil count decreased, platelet count decreased, periorbital edema, cognitive disorder, anemia, fatigue, arthralgia, blood alkaline phosphatase increased, and white blood cell count decreased.

The most common adverse reactions (≥ 20%) at all doses were edema, diarrhea, nausea, and fatigue/asthenia. Table 5 summarizes the adverse reactions observed in EXPLORER and PATHFINDER.

Table 5: Adverse Reactions (≥ 10%) in Patients with AdvSM Receiving AYVAKIT in EXPLORER and PATHFINDER

Adverse Reactions AYVAKIT (200 mg once daily)
N=80
All Grades % Grade ≥ 3 %
General
Edemaa 79 5
Fatigue/asthenia 23 4
Gastrointestinal
Diarrhea 28 1
Nausea 24 1
Vomiting 18 3
Abdominal painb 14 1
Constipation 11 0
Nervous system
Headache 15 0
Cognitive effectsc 14 1
Taste effectsd 13 0
Dizziness 13 0
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue
Arthralgia 10 1
Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal
Epistaxis 11 0
*Per National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.03 and 5.0
a Edema includes face swelling, eyelid edema, orbital edema, periorbital edema, face edema, peripheral edema, edema, generalized edema, and peripheral swelling.
b Abdominal pain includes abdominal pain, upper abdominal pain, and abdominal discomfort.
c Cognitive effects include memory impairment, cognitive disorder, confusional state, delirium, and disorientation.
d Taste effects include dysgeusia.

Clinically relevant adverse reactions occurring in <10% of patients were:

Cardiac: cardiac failure (2.5%), and cardiac failure congestive (1.3%)

Gastrointestinal: ascites (5%), gastrointestinal hemorrhage (1.3%), and large intestine perforation (1.3%)

Hepatobiliary: cholelithiasis (1.3%) Infections and infestations: upper respiratory tract infection (6%), urinary tract infection (6%), and herpes zoster (2.5%)

Vascular: flushing (3.8%), hypertension (3.8%), hypotension (3.8%), and hot flush (2.5%)

Nervous: insomnia (6%)

Musculoskeletal and connective tissue: pain in extremity (6%)

Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal: dyspnea (9%), and cough (2.5%)

Skin and subcutaneous tissue: rasha (8%), alopecia (9%), pruritus (8%), and hair color changes (6%)

Metabolism and nutrition: decreased appetite (8%)

Eye: lacrimation increased (9%)

Laboratory abnormality: decreased phosphate (9%)

aGrouped terms

Rash includes rash and rash maculo-papular

Table 6 summarizes the laboratory abnormalities observed in EXPLORER and PATHFINDER.

Table 6: Select Laboratory Abnormalities (≥ 10%) Worsening from Baseline in Patients with AdvSM Receiving AYVAKIT in EXPLORER and PATHFINDER

Laboratory Abnormality AYVAKIT (200 mg once daily)
N=80
All Grades (%) Grade ≥ 3 (%)
Hematology
Decreased platelets 64 21
Decreased hemoglobin 55 23
Decreased neutrophils 54 25
Decreased lymphocytes 34 11
Increased activated partial thromboplastin time 14 1
Increased lymphocytes 10 0
Chemistry
Decreased calcium 50 3
Increased bilirubin 41 3
Increased aspartate aminotransferase 38 1
Decreased potassium 26 4
Increased alkaline phosphatase 24 5
Increased creatinine 20 0
Increased alanine aminotransferase 18 1
Decreased sodium 18 1
Decreased albumin 15 1
Decreased magnesium 14 1
Increased potassium 11 0

DRUG INTERACTIONS

Effects Of Other Drugs On AYVAKIT

Strong And Moderate CYP3A Inhibitors

Coadministration of AYVAKIT with a strong or moderate CYP3A inhibitor increases avapritinib plasma concentrations [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY], which may increase the incidence and severity of adverse reactions of AYVAKIT. Avoid coadministration of AYVAKIT with strong or moderate CYP3A inhibitors. If coadministration of AYVAKIT with a moderate CYP3A inhibitor cannot be avoided, reduce the dose of AYVAKIT [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

Strong And Moderate CYP3A Inducers

Coadministration of AYVAKIT with a strong or moderate CYP3A inducer decreases avapritinib plasma concentrations [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY], which may decrease efficacy of AYVAKIT. Avoid coadministration of AYVAKIT with strong or moderate CYP3A inducers.

Warnings & Precautions

WARNINGS

Included as part of the PRECAUTIONS section.

PRECAUTIONS

Intracranial Hemorrhage

Serious intracranial hemorrhage may occur with AYVAKIT treatment; fatal events occurred in less than 1% of patients. Overall, intracranial hemorrhage (e.g., subdural hematoma, intracranial hemorrhage, and cerebral hemorrhage) occurred in 2.9% of the 749 patients who received AYVAKIT.

Monitor patients closely for the risk of intracranial hemorrhage including those with thrombocytopenia, vascular aneurysm or a history of intracranial hemorrhage or cerebrovascular accident within the prior year.

Permanently discontinue AYVAKIT if intracranial hemorrhage of any grade occurs [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors

Intracranial hemorrhage occurred in 3 of 267 patients (1.1%). Two (0.7%) of the events were Grade ≥ 3 and resulted in discontinuation of study drug. Events of intracranial hemorrhage occurred in a range from 1.7 months to 19.3 months after initiating AYVAKIT.

Advanced Systemic Mastocytosis

In patients with AdvSM who received AYVAKIT at 200 mg daily, intracranial hemorrhage occurred in 2 of 75 patients (2.7%) who had platelet counts ≥ 50 X 109/L prior to initiation of therapy and in 3 of 80 patients (3.8%) regardless of platelet counts.

In patients with AdvSM, a platelet count must be performed prior to initiating therapy; AYVAKIT is not recommended in patients with AdvSM with platelet counts < 50 X 109/L. Following treatment initiation, platelet counts must be performed every 2 weeks for the first 8 weeks regardless of baseline platelet count. After 8 weeks of treatment, monitor platelet counts every 2 weeks (or more frequently as clinically indicated) if values are less than 75 X 109/L, every 4 weeks if values are between 75 and 100 X 109/L, and as clinically indicated if values are greater than 100 X 109/L.

Manage platelet counts of < 50 X 109/L by treatment interruption or dose-reduction of AYVAKIT. Platelet support may be necessary [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION]. Dose-interruptions and dose reductions for thrombocytopenia occurred in 20% and 22% of AYVAKIT-treated patients, respectively. Thrombocytopenia was generally reversible by reducing or interrupting AYVAKIT.

Cognitive Effects

Cognitive adverse reactions can occur in patients receiving AYVAKIT. These cognitive adverse reactions occurred in 39% of the 749 patients who received AYVAKIT. These adverse reactions were managed with dose interruption and/or reduction. Overall, 12.4% led to dose interruptions, 8.5% led to dose reductions and 2.5% led to permanent discontinuation of AYVAKIT treatment.

Depending on the severity, withhold AYVAKIT and then resume at the same dose or at a reduced dose upon improvement, or permanently discontinue AYVAKIT [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors

Cognitive adverse reactions occurred in 41% of 601 patients with GIST who received AYVAKIT; 5% were Grade > 3. Memory impairment occurred in 21% of patients; <1% of these events were Grade 3. Cognitive disorder occurred in 12% of patients; 1.2% of these events were Grade 3. Confusional state occurred in 6% of patients; <1% of these events were Grade 3. Amnesia occurred in 3% of patients; <1% of these events were Grade 3. Somnolence and speech disorder occurred in 2% of patients; none of these events were Grade 3. Other events occurred in less than 2% of patients.

The median time to onset of the first cognitive adverse reaction was 8.4 weeks (range: 1 day to 4 years). Among patients who experienced a cognitive effect of Grade 2 or worse (impacting activities of daily living), the median time to improvement to Grade 1 or complete resolution was 7.9 weeks. Overall, 2.7% of all patients who received AYVAKIT required permanent discontinuation for a cognitive adverse reaction, 13.5% required a dosage interruption, and 8.5% required dose reduction.

Systemic Mastocytosis

Cognitive adverse reactions occurred in 28% of 148 patients with systemic mastocytosis who received AYVAKIT; 3% were Grade > 3. Memory impairment occurred in 16% of patients; all events were Grade 1 or 2. Cognitive disorder occurred in 10% of patients; <1% of these events were Grade 3. Confusional state occurred in 6% of patients; <1% of these events were Grade 3. Other events occurred in less than 2% of patients.

The median time to onset of the first cognitive adverse reaction was 13.3 weeks (range: 1 day to 1.8 years). Among patients who experienced a cognitive effect of Grade 2 or worse (impacting activities of daily living), the median time to improvement to Grade 1 or complete resolution was 8.1 weeks. Overall, 2% of all patients who received AYVAKIT required permanent discontinuation for a cognitive adverse reaction, 8.1% required a dosage interruption, and 8.8% required dose reduction.

Embryo-Fetal Toxicity

Based on findings from animal studies and its mechanism of action, AYVAKIT can cause fetal harm when administered to pregnant women. Oral administration of avapritinib during the period of organogenesis was teratogenic and embryotoxic in rats at exposures approximately 6.3 and 2.7 times the human exposure based on area under the curve (AUC) at the 200 mg and 300 mg dose, respectively. Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus. Advise females and males of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with AYVAKIT and for 6 weeks after the final dose [see Use In Specific Populations].

Patient Counseling Information

Advise the patient to read the FDA-approved patient labeling (PATIENT INFORMATION).

Intracranial Hemorrhage

Advise patients to contact their healthcare provider immediately if experiencing neurological signs and symptoms that may be associated with intracranial hemorrhage (i.e., severe headache, vomiting,  drowsiness, dizziness, confusion, slurred speech, or paralysis) [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Inform patients with AdvSM of the need to monitor platelet counts before and during treatment [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Cognitive Effects

Advise patients and caretakers to notify their healthcare provider if they experience new or worsening

cognitive symptoms. Advise patients not to drive or operate hazardous machinery if they are experiencing cognitive adverse reactions [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Embryo-Fetal Toxicity

Advise pregnant women and females of reproductive potential of the potential risk to a fetus. Advise females of reproductive potential to inform their healthcare provider of a known or suspected pregnancy [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS, Use In Specific Populations].

Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with AYVAKIT and for 6 weeks after the final dose [see Use In Specific Populations].

Advise males with female partners of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with AYVAKIT and for 6 weeks after the final dose [see Use In Specific Populations, Nonclinical Toxicology].

Lactation

Advise women not to breastfeed during treatment with AYVAKIT and for 2 weeks following the final dose [see Use In Specific Populations].

Infertility

Advise females of reproductive potential that AYVAKIT may impair fertility [see Use In Specific Populations]. Advise males of reproductive potential that AYVAKIT may decrease sperm production [see Use In Specific Populations].

Drug Interactions

Advise patients and caregivers to inform their healthcare provider of all concomitant medications, including prescription medicines, over-the-counter drugs, vitamins, and herbal products [see DRUG INTERACTIONS].

Administration

Advise patients to take AYVAKIT on an empty stomach, at least 1 hour before or at least 2 hours after a meal [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

Nonclinical Toxicology

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment Of Fertility

Carcinogenicity studies with avapritinib have not been conducted. Avapritinib was not mutagenic in vitro in the bacterial reverse mutation assay (Ames test). Avapritinib was positive in the in vitro chromosome aberration test in human peripheral blood lymphocytes but negative in the in vivo rat bone marrow micronucleus test, and overall non-genotoxic.

Avapritinib may impair spermatogenesis and adversely affect early embryogenesis. Reduction in sperm production and testicular weight were observed in male rats and hypospermatogenesis in dogs administered avapritinib at exposure of 1 to 5 times and 1 time the 200 mg human dose, respectively. There were no direct effects on fertility in rats of either sex. Avapritinib partitioned into seminal fluids up to 0.5 times the concentration found in human plasma at 200 mg. In female rats there was an increase in pre-implantation loss at the dose of 20 mg/kg/day (12.6 times the human exposure at 200 mg) and in early resorptions at doses ≥ 10 mg/kg (6.3 times the human exposure at 200 mg) with an overall decrease in viable embryos at doses ≥ 10 mg/kg. Cystic degeneration of corpora lutea and vaginal mucification was also observed in female rats administered avapritinib for up to 6 months at doses greater than or equal to 3 mg/kg day (approximately 3.0 times the human exposure based on AUC at the 200 mg dose).

Use In Specific Populations

Pregnancy

Risk Summary

Based on findings from animal studies and its mechanism of action [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY], AYVAKIT can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. There are no available data on AYVAKIT use in pregnant women. Oral administration of avapritinib to pregnant animals during the period of organogenesis was teratogenic and embryotoxic in rats at exposure levels approximately 6.3 and 2.7 times the human exposure based on AUC at the 200 mg and 300 mg dose, respectively (see Data). Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus.

In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2-4% and 15-20%, respectively.

Data

Animal Data

In a reproductive toxicity study, administration of avapritinib to rats during the period of organogenesis resulted in decreased fetal body weights, post-implantation loss, and increases in visceral (hydrocephaly, septal defect, and stenosis of the pulmonary trunk) and skeletal (sternum) malformations at doses greater than or equal to 10 mg/kg/day (approximately 6.3 and 2.7 times the human exposure based on AUC at the 200 mg and 300 mg dose, respectively).

Lactation

Risk Summary

There are no data on the presence of avapritinib or its metabolites in human milk or the effects of avapritinib on the breastfed child or milk production. Because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in breastfed children, advise women not to breastfeed during treatment with AYVAKIT and for 2 weeks following the final dose.

Females And Males Of Reproductive Potential

Pregnancy Testing

Verify the pregnancy status of females of reproductive potential prior to initiating AYVAKIT [see Use In Specific Populations].

Contraception

AYVAKIT can cause fetal harm when administered to pregnant women [see Use In Specific Populations].

Females

Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with AYVAKIT and for 6 weeks after the final dose.

Males

Advise males with female partners of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with AYVAKIT and for 6 weeks after the final dose.

Infertility

Females

Based on findings from animal studies, AYVAKIT may adversely affect early embryogenesis in humans [see Use In Specific Populations and Nonclinical Toxicology]. In repeat dose toxicology studies of 6 months in rats, cystic degeneration of corpora lutea was not reversible within a two-month recovery period. Vaginal mucification was observed but not present at the end of recovery period. In a fertility study, females presented an increase in pre-implantation loss and in early resorptions with an overall decrease in viable embryos.

Males

Based on findings from animal studies, AYVAKIT may impair spermatogenesis [see Nonclinical Toxicology]. There were no direct effects on fertility in rats. In repeat dose toxicology studies of 9 months in dogs, hypospermatogenesis was observed and it was not reversible within a two-month recovery period. In a fertility study in rats, a reduction in sperm production and testicular weight were observed. The reversibility of the effects on sperm production and testicular weight is unknown.

Pediatric Use

The safety and effectiveness of AYVAKIT in pediatric patients have not been established.

Geriatric Use

Of the 204 patients with unresectable or metastatic GIST who received AYVAKIT in NAVIGATOR, 40% were 65 years or older, while 6% were 75 years and older. Of the 131 patients with AdvSM who received AYVAKIT in EXPLORER and in PATHFINDER, 62% were 65 years or older, while 21% were 75 years and older. No overall differences in safety or efficacy were observed between these patients and younger adult patients.

Renal Impairment

No dose adjustment is recommended for patients with mild or moderate renal impairment [creatinine clearance (CLcr) 30 to 89 mL/min estimated by Cockcroft-Gault]. The recommended dose of AYVAKIT has not been established for patients with severe renal impairment (CLcr 15 to 29 mL/min) or end-stage renal disease (CLcr <15 mL/min) [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].

Hepatic Impairment

No dose adjustment is recommended for patients with mild [total bilirubin ≤ upper limit of normal (ULN) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) > ULN or total bilirubin > 1 to 1.5 times ULN and any AST] or moderate [total bilirubin >1.5 to 3 times ULN and any AST] hepatic impairment. The recommended dose of AYVAKIT has not been established for patients with severe hepatic impairment [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].

Overdosage & Contraindications

OVERDOSE

No Information Provided

CONTRAINDICATIONS

None.

Clinical Pharmacology

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Mechanism Of Action

Avapritinib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor that targets KIT D816V, PDGFRA and PDGFRA D842 mutants as well as multiple KIT exon 11, 11/17 and 17 mutants with half maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50s) less than 25 nM in biochemical assays. Certain mutations in PDGFRA and KIT can result in the autophosphorylation and constitutive activation of these receptors which can contribute to tumor and mast cell proliferation. Other potential targets for avapritinib include wild type KIT, PDGFRB, and CSFR1.

In cellular assays, avapritinib inhibited the autophosphorylation of KIT D816V with an IC50 of 4 nM, approximately 48-fold lower concentration than wild-type KIT. In cellular assays, avapritinib inhibited the proliferation in KIT mutant cell lines, including a murine mastocytoma cell line and a human mast cell leukemia cell line. Avapritinib also showed growth inhibitory activity in a xenograft model of murine mastocytoma with KIT exon 17 mutation.

Avapritinib inhibited the autophosphorylation of PDGFRA D842V, a mutation associated with resistance to approved kinase inhibitors, with an IC50 of 30 nM. Avapritinib also had anti-tumor activity in mice implanted with an imatinib-resistant patient-derived xenograft model of human GIST with activating KIT exon 11/17 mutations.

Pharmacodynamics

Exposure-Response Relationships

Based on the data from four clinicals trials conducted in patients with advanced malignancies and systemic mastocytosis, including NAVIGATOR, EXPLORER, and PATHFINDER, higher exposure was associated with increased risk of Grade ≥ 3 related adverse effects, any Grade pooled cognitive adverse effects, Grade ≥ 2 pooled cognitive adverse effects, and Grade ≥ 2 pooled edema adverse effects over the dose range of 30 mg to 400 mg (0.1 to 1.33 times the recommended dose for GIST and 0.15 to 2 times the recommended dose for AdvSM) once daily.

Based on exposure and efficacy data from EXPLORER and PATHFINDER (n=84), higher avapritinib exposure was associated with faster time to response over the dose range of 30 mg to 400 mg (0.15 to 2 times the recommended dose for AdvSM) once daily.

Cardiac Electrophysiology

The effect of AYVAKIT on the QTc interval was evaluated in an open-label, single-arm study in 27 patients administered dose of 300 mg or 400 mg (1.33 times the recommended 300 mg dose) once daily. No large mean increase in QTc (i.e.> 20 ms) was detected at the mean steady state maximum concentration (Cmax) of 899 ng/mL.

Pharmacokinetics

Avapritinib Cmax and AUC increased proportionally over the dose range of 30 mg to 400 mg once daily in patients with GIST (0.1 to 1.33 times the recommended 300 mg dose). Avapritinib Cmax and AUC increased proportionally over the dose range of 200 mg to 400 mg once daily in patients with systemic mastocytosis (1 to 2 times the recommended 200 mg dose). Steady state concentration of avapritinib was reached by day 15 following daily dosing. Steady state pharmacokinetic parameters per recommended dosing regimen are described in Table 7.

Table 7: Steady State Pharmacokinetic Parameters of AYVAKIT Following Different Dosing Regimen

Dosing Regimen 200 mg once daily (Systemic Mastocytosis) 300 mg once daily (GIST)
Geometric Mean (CV%) steady state Cmax (ng/mL) 377
(62%, n=18)
813
(52%, n=110)
Geometric Mean (CV%) steady state AUC0-24h (h•ng/mL) 6600
(54%, n=16)
15400
(48%, n=110)
Mean accumulation ratio 6.41 (n=9) 3.82 (n=34)

Absorption

The median time to peak concentration (Tmax) ranged from 2 to 4 hours following single doses of avapritinib 30 mg to 400 mg in patients with GIST and single doses of avapritinib 30 mg to 300 mg in patients with systemic mastocytosis.

Effect Of Food

The Cmax of avapritinib was increased by 59% and the AUC0-INF was increased by 29% when AYVAKIT was taken with a high-calorie, high-fat meal (approximately 909 calories, 58 grams carbohydrate, 56 grams fat and 43 grams protein) compared to those in the fasted state.

Distribution

The mean apparent volume of distribution of avapritinib is 1200 L (43%) at 300 mg for patients with GIST, and 1900 L (43%) at 200 mg in patients with systemic mastocytosis. In vitro protein binding of avapritinib is 98.8% and is independent of concentration. The blood-to-plasma ratio is 0.95.

Elimination

The mean plasma elimination half-life of avapritinib was 32 hours to 57 hours following single doses of avapritinib 30 mg to 400 mg (0.1 to 1.33 times the recommended 300 mg dose) in patients with GIST, and 20 hours to 39 hours following single doses of avapritinib 30 mg to 400 mg (0.15 to 2 times the recommended 200 mg dose) in patients with systemic mastocytosis. The steady state mean apparent oral clearance of avapritinib is 21.8 L/h (12%) at 300 mg for patients with GIST, and 40.3 L/h (86%) at 200 mg in patients with systemic mastocytosis.

Metabolism

Avapritinib is primarily metabolized by CYP3A4, CYP3A5 and to a lesser extent by CYP2C9 in vitro. Following a single oral dose of approximately 310 mg of radiolabeled avapritinib to healthy subjects, unchanged avapritinib (49%) and its metabolites M690 (hydroxy glucuronide; 35%) and M499 (oxidative deamination; 14%) were the major circulating compounds. The formation of the glucuronide M690 is catalyzed mainly by UGT1A3. Following oral administration of AYVAKIT 300 mg once daily in patients, the steady state AUC of M499 is approximately 80% of the AUC of avapritinib. M499 is not likely to contribute to efficacy at the recommended dose of avapritinib.

Excretion

Following a single oral dose of approximately 310 mg of radiolabeled avapritinib to healthy subjects, 70% of the radioactive dose was recovered in feces (11% unchanged) and 18% in urine (0.23% unchanged).

Specific Populations

No clinically significant differences in the pharmacokinetics of avapritinib were observed based on age (18 to 90 years), sex, race (White, Black, or Asian), body weight (39.5 to 156.3 kg), mild to moderate (CLcr 30 to 89 mL/min estimated by Cockcroft-Gault) renal impairment, or mild (total bilirubin ≤ ULN and AST > ULN or total bilirubin > 1 to 1.5 times ULN and any AST) to moderate (total bilirubin > 1.5 to 3 times ULN and any AST) hepatic impairment. The effect of severe renal impairment (CLcr 15 to 29 mL/min), end-stage renal disease (CLcr < 15 mL/min), or severe hepatic impairment (total bilirubin > 3 times ULN and any AST) on the pharmacokinetics of avapritinib is unknown.

Drug Interaction Studies

Clinical Studies And Model-Informed Approaches

Effect Of Strong And Moderate CYP3A Inhibitors On Avapritinib

Coadministration of AYVAKIT 300 mg once daily with itraconazole 200 mg once daily (a strong CYP3A inhibitor) is predicted to increase avapritinib AUC by 600% at steady state.

Coadministration of AYVAKIT 300 mg once daily with fluconazole 200 mg once daily (a moderate CYP3A inhibitor) is predicted to increase avapritinib AUC by 210% at steady state [see DRUG INTERACTIONS].

Effect Of Strong And Moderate CYP3A Inducers On Avapritinib

Coadministration of AYVAKIT 400 mg as a single dose with rifampin 600 mg once daily (a strong CYP3A inducer) decreased avapritinib Cmax by 74% and AUC0-INF by 92%.

Coadministration of AYVAKIT 300 mg once daily with efavirenz 600 mg once daily (a moderate CYP3A inducer) is predicted to decrease avapritinib Cmax by 55% and AUC by 62% at steady state [see DRUG INTERACTIONS].

Effect Of Acid-Reducing Agents On Avapritinib

No clinically significant differences in the pharmacokinetics of avapritinib were identified when coadministered with gastric acid reducing agents in patients with GIST and AdvSM.

In Vitro Studies

Cytochrome P450 (CYP) Enzymes

In vitro studies indicate that avapritinib is a time-dependent inhibitor as well as an inducer of CYP3A at clinically relevant concentrations.

Avapritinib is an inhibitor of CYP2C9 at clinically relevant concentrations. Avapritinib is not an inhibitor of CYP1A2, CYP2B6, CYP2C8, CYP2C19, or CYP2D6 at clinically relevant concentrations.

Avapritinib is not an inducer of CYP1A2 or CYP2B6. Avapritinib is a substrate of CYP3A.

M499 is an inhibitor of CYP3A, CYP2C8, or CYP2C9 at clinically relevant concentrations. M499 is not an inhibitor of CYP1A2, CYP2B6, CYP2C19, or CYP2D6 at clinically relevant concentrations.

Transporter Systems

Avapritinib is an inhibitor of P-glycoprotein (P-gp), intestinal BCRP, MATE1, MATE2-K, and BSEP, but not an inhibitor of OATP1B1, OATP1B3, OAT1, OAT3, OCT1, or OCT2. Avapritinib is not a substrate of P-gp or BCRP, OAT1, OAT3, OCT1, OCT2, OATP1B1, OATP1B3, MATE1, MATE2-K and BSEP. The effect of M499 on transporter systems is unknown.

Animal Toxicology And/Or Pharmacology

In repeat dose toxicology studies, administration of avapritinib to rats and dogs for up to 3 months resulted in tremors at doses greater than or equal to 30 mg/kg/day (approximately 1.5 times the human exposure based on AUC at the 300 mg dose). Hemorrhage in the brain and spinal cord and choroid plexus edema in the brain occurred in dogs at doses greater than or equal to 7.5 mg/kg/day (approximately 0.4 times the human exposure based on AUC at the 300 mg dose), but were not observed in a 9-month study at 5 mg/kg/day.

An in vitro phototoxicity study in 3T3 mouse fibroblasts and an in vivo phototoxicity study in pigmented rats demonstrated that avapritinib has a slight potential for phototoxicity.

Clinical Studies

Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors

The efficacy of AYVAKIT was demonstrated in NAVIGATOR (NCT02508532), a multi-center, single-arm, open-label clinical trial. Eligible patients were required to have a confirmed diagnosis of GIST and an ECOG performance status (PS) of 0 to 2. Patients received AYVAKIT 300 mg or 400 mg (1.33 times the recommended dose) orally once daily until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The trial initially enrolled patients at a starting dose of 400 mg, which was later reduced to the recommended dose of 300 mg due to toxicity. As there was no apparent difference in overall response rate (ORR) between patients who received 300 mg daily compared to those who received 400 mg daily, these patients were pooled for the efficacy evaluation. The major efficacy outcome measure was ORR based on disease assessment by independent radiological review using modified RECIST v1.1 criteria, in which lymph nodes and bone lesions were not target lesions and progressively growing new tumor nodules within a pre-existing tumor mass was progression. An additional efficacy outcome measure was duration of response (DOR).

Patients With GIST Harboring A PDGFRA Exon 18 Mutation

Patients with unresectable or metastatic GIST harboring a PDGFRA exon 18 mutation were identified by local or central assessment using a PCR-or NGS-based assay. The assessment of efficacy was based on a total of 43 patients, including 38 patients with PDGFRA D842V mutations. The median duration of follow up for patients with PDGFRA exon 18 mutations was 10.6 months (range: 0.3 to 24.9 months).

The study population characteristics were median age of 64 years (range: 29 to 90 years), 67% were male, 67% were White, 93% had an ECOG PS of 0-1, 98% had metastatic disease, 53% had largest target lesion >5 cm, and 86% had prior surgical resection. The median number of prior kinase inhibitors was 1 (range: 0 to 5).

Efficacy results in patients with GIST harboring PDGFRA exon 18 mutations including the subgroup of patients with PDGFRA D842V mutations enrolled in NAVIGATOR are summarized in Table 8.

Table 8: Efficacy Results for Patients with GIST Harboring PDGFRA Exon 18 Mutations in NAVIGATOR

Efficacy Parameter PDGFRA exon 181
N = 43
PDGFRA D842V
N = 38
Overall Response Rate (95% CI) 84% (69%, 93%) 89% (75%, 97%)
Complete Response, n (%) 3 (7%) 3 (8%)
Partial Response, n (%) 33 (77%) 31 (82%)
Duration of Response n=36 n=34
Median in months (range) NR (1.9+, 20.3+) NR (1.9+, 20.3+)
Patients with DOR ≥ 6-months, n (%)* 22 (61%) 20 (59%)
* 11 patients with an ongoing response were followed < 6 months from onset of response.
Abbreviations: CI=confidence interval; NR=not reached; NE=not estimable
+ Denotes ongoing response
1 Exon 18 mutations other than D842V included in this population are: deletion of D842_H845 (n=3); D842Y (n=1); and deletion of D842_H845 with insertion of V (n=1).
*11 patients with an ongoing response were followed < 6 months from onset of response.

Advanced Systemic Mastocytosis

The efficacy of AYVAKIT was demonstrated in EXPLORER (NCT02561988) and PATHFINDER (NCT03580655), two multi-center, single-arm, open-label clinical trials. Response-evaluable patients include those with a confirmed diagnosis of AdvSM per World Health Organization (WHO) and deemed evaluable by modified international working group-myeloproliferative neoplasms research and treatment-European competence network on mastocytosis (IWG-MRT-ECNM) criteria at baseline as adjudicated by an independent central committee, who received at least 1 dose of AYVAKIT, had at least 2 post-baseline bone marrow assessments, and had been on study for at least 24 weeks, or had an end of study visit. All enrolled patients had an ECOG performance status (PS) of 0 to 3 and 91% had a platelet count of ≥ 50 X 109/L prior to initiation of therapy.

Patients enrolled in EXPLORER received a starting dose of AYVAKIT ranging from 30 mg to 400 mg (0.15 – 2 times the recommended dose) orally once daily. In PATHFINDER, patients were enrolled at a starting dose of 200 mg orally once daily. The efficacy of AYVAKIT in the treatment of AdvSM was based on overall response rate (ORR) in 53 patients with AdvSM dosed at up to 200 mg daily per modified IWG-MRT-ECNM criteria as adjudicated by the central committee. Additional efficacy outcome measures were duration of response (DOR), time to response, and changes in individual measures of mast cell burden.

The median duration of follow up for these patients was 11.6 months (95% confidence interval: 9.9, 16.3).

The study population characteristics were median age of 67 years (range: 37 to 85 years), 58% were male, 98% were White, 68% had an ECOG PS of 0-1, 32% had an ECOG PS of 2-3, 40% had ongoing corticosteroid therapy use for AdvSM at baseline, 66% had prior antineoplastic therapy, 47% had received prior midostaurin, and 94% had a D816V mutation. The median bone marrow mast cell infiltrate was 50%, the median serum tryptase level was 255.8 ng/mL, and the median KIT D816V mutant allele fraction was 12.2%.

Efficacy results in patients with AdvSM enrolled in EXPLORER and PATHFINDER are summarized in Table 9.

Table 9: Efficacy Results for Patients with AdvSM in EXPLORER and PATHFINDER

All evaluable patients ASM SM-AHN MCL
Overall Response Rate1, % per modified IWG-MRT-ECNM (95% CI2) N=53 57 (42, 70) N=2 100 (16, 100) N=40 58 (41, 73) N=11 45 (17, 77)
Complete Remission with full or partial hematologic recovery, % 28 50 33 9
Partial Remission, % 28 50 25 36
Clinical Improvement, % 15 0 20 0
Stable Disease, % 19 0 13 45
Abbreviations: CI=confidence interval; CR=complete remission; CRh=complete remission with partial recovery of peripheral blood counts; PR=partial remission
1 Overall Response Rate (ORR) per modified IWG-MRT-ECNM is defined as patients who achieved a CR, CRh or PR (CR + CRh + PR)
2 Clopper–Pearson confidence interval

For all evaluable patients, the median duration of response was 38.3 months (95% confidence interval: 19, not estimable) and the median time to response was 2.1 months.

In the subgroup of patients with MCL, the efficacy of AYVAKIT was based on complete remission (CR).

Medication Guide

PATIENT INFORMATION

AYVAKIT™
(aye' vah kit)
(avapritinib)tablets, for oral use

What is AYVAKIT?

AYVAKIT is a prescription medicine used to treat adults with:

  • a certain type of stomach, bowel, or esophagus cancer called gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) that cannot be treated with surgery or that has spread to other parts of the body (metastatic), and that is caused by certain abnormal platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRA) genes. Your healthcare provider will perform a test to make sure that you have this abnormal PDGFRA gene and that AYVAKIT is right for you.
  • advanced systemic mastocytosis (AdvSM), including aggressive systemic mastocytosis (ASM), systemic mastocytosis with an associated hematological neoplasm (SM-AHN), and mast cell leukemia (MCL). AYVAKIT is not recommended for the treatment of AdvSM in people with low platelet counts (less than 50 X 109/L).

It is not known if AYVAKIT is safe and effective in children.

Before taking AYVAKIT, tell your healthcare provider about all of your medical conditions, including if you:

  • have low platelet counts
  • bulging or weakening of a blood vessel wall (aneurysm) or history of bleeding in your brain
  • history of stroke within the last year
  • are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. AYVAKIT can cause harm to your unborn baby.
    Females who are able to become pregnant:
    • Your healthcare provider should do a pregnancy test before you start treatment with AYVAKIT.
    • You should use effective birth control (contraception) during treatment with AYVAKIT and for 6 weeks after the final dose of AYVAKIT. Talk to your healthcare provider about birth control methods that may be right for you.
    • Tell your healthcare provider right away if you become pregnant or think you may be pregnant during treatment with AYVAKIT.
      Males with female partners who are able to become pregnant should use effective birth control (contraception) during treatment and for 6 weeks after the final dose of AYVAKIT.
  • are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if AYVAKIT passes into your breast milk. Do not breastfeed during treatment with AYVAKIT and for at least 2 weeks after the final dose of AYVAKIT. Talk to your healthcare provider about the best way to feed your baby during this time.

Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-thecounter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. AYVAKIT may affect the way other medicines work, and certain other medicines may affect how AYVAKIT works. Talk to your healthcare provider prior to starting a new medicine.

How should I take AYVAKIT?

  • Take AYVAKIT exactly as your healthcare provider tells you to take it.
  • Do not change your dose or stop taking AYVAKIT unless your healthcare provider tells you to.
  • Take AYVAKIT 1 time each day.
  • Take AYVAKIT tablet(s) on an empty stomach at least 1 hour before or at least 2 hours after a meal.
  • If you miss a dose of AYVAKIT, take it as soon as you remember unless your next scheduled dose is due within 8 hours. Take the next dose at your regular time.
  • If you vomit after taking a dose of AYVAKIT, do not take an extra dose. Take your next dose at your next scheduled time.

What should I avoid while taking AYVAKIT?

  • Do not drive or operate heavy machinery if you have confusion or trouble thinking during treatment with AYVAKIT.

What are the possible side effects of AYVAKIT?

AYVAKIT may cause serious side effects, including:

  • Bleeding in your brain. Serious bleeding in the brain may happen during treatment with AYVAKIT and may lead to death. Stop taking AYVAKIT and tell your healthcare provider right away if you develop any symptoms such as severe headache, vomiting, drowsiness, dizziness, confusion, or severe weakness on one or more side of your body.
    If you have AdvSM, your healthcare provider will check your platelet counts before and during treatment with AYVAKIT.
  • Cognitive effects. Cognitive side effects are common with AYVAKIT and can be severe. Tell your healthcare provider if you develop any new or worsening cognitive symptoms including:
    • forgetfulness
    • confusion
    • getting lost
    • trouble thinking
    • drowsiness
    • trouble staying awake (somnolence)
    • word finding problems
    • seeing objects or hearing things that are not there (hallucinations)
    • change in mood or behavior

The most common side effects of AYVAKIT in people with GIST include:

  • fluid retention or swelling
  • nausea
  • tiredness
  • muscle weakness
  • vomiting
  • decreased appetite
  • diarrhea
  • increased eye tearing
  • stomach area (abdominal) pain
  • constipation
  • rash
  • dizziness
  • hair color changes
  • changes in certain blood tests

The most common side effects of AYVAKIT in people with AdvSM include:

  • fluid retention or swelling
  • diarrhea
  • nausea
  • tiredness
  • changes in certain blood tests

Your healthcare provider may change your dose, temporarily stop, or permanently stop treatment with AYVAKIT if you develop certain side effects.

AYVAKIT may cause fertility problems in females and may decrease sperm production in males, which may affect your ability to have a child. Talk to your healthcare provider if this is a concern for you. These are not all of the possible side effects of AYVAKIT.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

How should I store AYVAKIT?

  • Store AYVAKIT tablets at room temperature between 68°F to 77°F (20°C to 25°C).

Keep AYVAKIT and all medicines out of the reach of children.

General information about the safe and effective use of AYVAKIT.

Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in the Patient Information leaflet. Do not take AYVAKIT for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give AYVAKIT to other people, even if they have the same condition that you have. It may harm them. You can ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for more information about AYVAKIT that is written for health professionals.

What are the ingredients in AYVAKIT?

Active ingredient: avapritinib

Inactive ingredients: copovidone, croscarmellose sodium, magnesium stearate, and microcrystalline cellulose.

Film coat: polyethylene glycol, polyvinyl alcohol, talc, and titanium dioxide.

Blue printing ink (100 mg, 200 mg and 300 mg tablets only): ammonium hydroxide, black iron oxide, esterified shellac,

FD&C blue 1, isopropyl alcohol, n-butyl alcohol, propylene glycol, and titanium dioxide.

This Patient Information has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

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