Ba Ji Tian

Other Name(s):

Ba Ji, Bi Ji, Indian Mulberry, Morinda, Morinda Root, Morindae officinalis, Morindae Radix, Noni, Racine du Morinda, Radix Morindae Officinalis.


Ba ji tian is a plant. Its scientific name is Morinda officinalis. The root of the plant is used to make medicine. You may find ba ji tian products that also contain a related plant called Morinda citrifolia.

Ba ji tian is used for improving kidney function and correcting various urination problems, including producing too much urine (polyuria) and bedwetting.

It is also used to treat cancer, gallbladder disorders, hernia, and back pain; and for boosting the body's defense system (immune system), as well as strengthening the body's system that releases chemical messengers called hormones (endocrine system).

Men use ba ji tian for erectile dysfunction (ED) and other sexual performance problems.

How does it work?

Ba ji tian might help treat depression by increasing the effects of serotonin, a chemical found in the brain.


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Uses & Effectiveness

Insufficient Evidence to Rate Effectiveness for...

  • Cancer.
  • Gallbladder disorders.
  • Bedwetting.
  • Erectile dysfunction (ED) and premature ejaculation.
  • Back pain.
  • Depression.
  • Kidney disorders.
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of ba ji tian for these uses.

Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database rates effectiveness based on scientific evidence according to the following scale: Effective, Likely Effective, Possibly Effective, Possibly Ineffective, Likely Ineffective, and Insufficient Evidence to Rate (detailed description of each of the ratings).

Side Effects

Ba ji tian is LIKELY SAFE for most people when taken by mouth.


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Special Precautions & Warnings

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: There is not enough reliable information about the safety of taking ba ji tian if you are pregnant or breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.

Painful urination (dysuria): Ba ji tian is thought to stimulate the kidneys, so it might make painful urination worse. Use with caution if you have this problem.

Surgery: Ba ji tian might affect blood sugar levels and could interfere with blood sugar control during and after surgical procedures. Stop using ba ji tian at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery.


Medications for diabetes (Antidiabetes drugs)Interaction Rating: Moderate Be cautious with this combination.Talk with your health provider.

Ba ji tian might increase or decrease blood sugar. Diabetes medications are used to lower blood sugar. Taking ba ji tian along with diabetes medications might increase or decrease the effects of these medications. Monitor your blood sugar levels closely is you use ba ji tian and take medications for diabetes. The dose of your diabetes medications may need to be changed.

Some medications used for diabetes include glimepiride (Amaryl), glyburide (DiaBeta, Glynase PresTab, Micronase), insulin, metformin (Glucophage), pioglitazone (Actos), rosiglitazone (Avandia), and others.


The appropriate dose of ba ji tian depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for ba ji tian. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.

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Chang, M. S., Kim, W. N., Yang, W. M., Kim, H. Y., Oh, J. H., and Park, S. K. Cytoprotective effects of Morinda officinalis against hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress in Leydig TM3 cells. Asian J Androl 2008;10(4):667-674. View abstract.

Chen ZH, Wang GH, and Wang XP et al. Effectiveness and tolerability of warm-supplementing kidney yang added to risperidone in improving cognitive impairment in patients with schizophrenia: An 8-week, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Current Therapeutic Research, Clinical and Experimental 2008;69:104-117.

Choi, J., Lee, K. T., Choi, M. Y., Nam, J. H., Jung, H. J., Park, S. K., and Park, H. J. Antinociceptive anti-inflammatory effect of Monotropein isolated from the root of Morinda officinalis. Biol Pharm Bull 2005;28(10):1915-1918. View abstract.

Hsieh TC and Wu JM. Ethanolic extracts of herbal supplement Equiguard (TM) suppress growth and control gene expression in CWR22Rv1 cells representing the transition of prostate cancer from androgen dependence to hormone refractory status. International Journal of Oncology 2008;32(1):209-219.

Kim, I. T., Park, H. J., Nam, J. H., Park, Y. M., Won, J. H., Choi, J., Choe, B. K., and Lee, K. T. In-vitro and in-vivo anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive effects of the methanol extract of the roots of Morinda officinalis. J Pharm Pharmacol 2005;57(5):607-615. View abstract.

Li, J., Zhang, H. L., Wang, Z., Liang, Y. M., Jiang, L., Ma, W., and Yang, D. P. [Determination content of the antidepressant extraction and analysis the trace elements from Morinda officinalis]. Zhong.Yao Cai. 2008;31(9):1337-1340. View abstract.

Li, N., Qin, L. P., Han, T., Wu, Y. B., Zhang, Q. Y., and Zhang, H. Inhibitory effects of morinda officinalis extract on bone loss in ovariectomized rats. Molecules. 2009;14(6):2049-2061. View abstract.

Li, Y. F., Gong, Z. H., Yang, M., Zhao, Y. M., and Luo, Z. P. Inhibition of the oligosaccharides extracted from Morinda officinalis, a Chinese traditional herbal medicine, on the corticosterone induced apoptosis in PC12 cells. Life Sci 1-10-2003;72(8):933-942. View abstract.

Li, Y. F., Liu, Y. Q., Yang, M., Wang, H. L., Huang, W. C., Zhao, Y. M., and Luo, Z. P. The cytoprotective effect of inulin-type hexasaccharide extracted from Morinda officinalis on PC12 cells against the lesion induced by corticosterone. Life Sci 8-13-2004;75(13):1531-1538. View abstract.

Li, Y. F., Yuan, L., Xu, Y. K., Yang, M., Zhao, Y. M., and Luo, Z. P. Antistress effect of oligosaccharides extracted from Morinda officinalis in mice and rats. Acta Pharmacol Sin. 2001;22(12):1084-1088. View abstract.

MengYong, Z., CaiJiao, W., HuSheng, Z., XianWu, P., and JianMin, F. Protective effect of polysaccharides from morinda officinalis on bone loss in ovariectomized rats. Int J Biol Macromol. 10-1-2008;43(3):276-278. View abstract.

Nian, H., Qin, L. P., Zhang, Q. Y., Zheng, H. C., Yu, Y., and Huang, B. K. Antiosteoporotic activity of Er-Xian Decoction, a traditional Chinese herbal formula, in ovariectomized rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 11-3-2006;108(1):96-102. View abstract.

Soon, Y. Y. and Tan, B. K. Evaluation of the hypoglycemic and anti-oxidant activities of Morinda officinalis in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Singapore Med J 2002;43(2):077-085. View abstract.

Wu, Y. B., Zheng, C. J., Qin, L. P., Sun, L. N., Han, T., Jiao, L., Zhang, Q. Y., and Wu, J. Z. Antiosteoporotic activity of anthraquinones from Morinda officinalis on osteoblasts and osteoclasts. Molecules. 2009;14(1):573-583. View abstract.

Wu, Y. J., Liu, J., Wu, Y. M., Liu, L. E., and Zhang, H. Q. [Determination of polysaccharide from Chinese medicine Morinda officinalis how and its trace elements analysis]. Guang.Pu.Xue.Yu Guang.Pu.Fen.Xi. 2005;25(12):2076-2078. View abstract.

Wu, Y. J., Shi, J., Qu, L. B., Li, F. F., Li, X. J., and Wu, Y. M. [Determination of antioxidation of the extract from Chinese medicine Morinda officinalis How by flow injection chemiluminescence and spectroscopy]. Guang.Pu.Xue.Yu Guang.Pu.Fen.Xi. 2006;26(9):1688-1691. View abstract.

Zhang, H. L., Li, J., Li, G., Wang, D. M., Zhu, L. P., and Yang, D. P. Structural characterization and anti-fatigue activity of polysaccharides from the roots of Morinda officinalis. Int J Biol Macromol. 4-1-2009;44(3):257-261. View abstract.

Cui C, Yang M, Yao Z, et al. [Antidepressant active constituents in the roots of Morinda officinalis how]. Chung Kuo Chung Yao Tsa Chih 1995;20:36-9, 62-3. View abstract.

Huang KC. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. 2nd ed. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, LLC 1999:267.

Li S, Ouyang Q, Tan X, et al. [Chemical constituents of Morinda officinalis how]. Chung Kuo Chung Yao Tsa Chih 1991;16:675-6, 703. View abstract.

Qiao ZS, Wu H, Su ZW. [Comparison with the pharmacological actions of Morinda officinalis, Damnacanthus officinarum and Schisandra propinqua]. Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih 1991;11:390,415-7. View abstract.

Yang YJ, Shu HY, Min ZD. [Anthraquinones isolated from Morinda officinalis and Damnacanthus indicus]. Yao Hsueh Hsueh Pao 1992;27:358-64. View abstract.

Yoshikawa M, Yamaguchi S, Nishisaka H, et al. Chemical constituents of Chinese natural medicine, morindae radix, the dried roots of morinda officinalis how: structures of morindolide and morofficinaloside. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) 1995;43:1462-5. View abstract.

Zhang ZQ, Yuan L, Yang M, et al. The effect of Morinda officinalis How, a Chinese traditional medicinal plant, on the DRL 72-s schedule in rats and the forced swimming test in mice. Pharmacol Biochem Behav 2002;72:39-43. View abstract.

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