Reviewed on 6/11/2021
Other Name(s):

Abebrødstræ, Adansonia, Adansonia bahoba, Adansonia baobab, Adansonia digitata, Adansonia situla, Adansonia somalensis, Adansonsia sphaerocarpa, Adansonia sulcata, Adansonie d' Afrique, Affenbrotbaum, African Baobab, Afrikaanse Kremetart, Afrikanischer Baobab, Albero Bottiglia, Albero di Mille Anni, Apebroodboom, Apenbroodboom, Arbre à Palabre, Arbre Bouteille, Arbre de Mille Ans, Bao Báp Châu Phi, Baob, Baoba, Baobab Africain, Baobaba, Baobabu, Baobab Afrykanski, Baobab Agaci, Baobab del África, Baobab Africain, Baobab Africano, Baobab de Mahajanga, Baobab de Mozambique, Baobab Fruit, Baobab Milk, Baobab of Mahajanga, Baobab Prstnatý, Baobab Seed, Baobab Seed Oil, Baobab Tree, Baobab Wlasciwy, Baobab Yemisi, Baovola, Bawbab, Boab, Boaboa, Boringy, Bottle Tree, Boy, Bozobe, Calebassier du Sénégal, Cream-Tartar Tree, Dead Rat Tree, Dton Baobab, Ethiopian Sour Bread, Fruit de Baobab, Graine de Baobab, Gros Mapou, Harilik Ahvileivapuu, Hou Mian Bao Shu, Huile de Graines de Baobab, Imbondeiro, Judas Fruit, Judas Fruit Trees, Kremetart, Kremetartboom, Lait de Baobab, Maymun Ekmegi Agaci, Mboio, Mboy, Monkey Bread Tree, Noce d'Egitto, Pain de Singe, Rainiala, Reniala, Ringy, Sefo, Shagar El Bawbab, Shagar Khubz El Qurud, Sour Gourd, Upside-Down Tree, Vanoa, Vontana.


Baobab is a tree native to Africa, Madagascar, Australia, and Arabia. The tree is used as a source of water and food for indigenous people.

Fruit and leaves of the tree are used medicinally for asthma, mosquito repellent, and for allergic skin conditions.

Some people are calling the baobab fruit the next “super food” because of its exotic nature and rich nutrient profile.

How does it work?

There is not enough scientific information to know how baobab might work for any medical condition. The fruit and leaves contain several nutrients and have some antioxidant properties.


Next to red peppers, you can get the most vitamin C from ________________. See Answer

Uses & Effectiveness

Insufficient Evidence to Rate Effectiveness for...

  • Asthma.
  • Allergic skin conditions.
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate baobab for these uses.

Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database rates effectiveness based on scientific evidence according to the following scale: Effective, Likely Effective, Possibly Effective, Possibly Ineffective, Likely Ineffective, and Insufficient Evidence to Rate (detailed description of each of the ratings).

Side Effects

Baobab is LIKELY SAFE when consumed as a food. However, there is no reliable information about its safety when used as medicine.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: There is not enough information to know if baobab is safe to using while pregnant or breast-feeding; stay on the safe side and avoid using.


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The appropriate dose of baobab depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time, there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for baobab. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.

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You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

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Agency response letter GRAS notice No. GRN 000273. US Food and Drug Administration, July 25, 2009. Available at: GRAS/GRASListings/ucm174945.htm (Accessed 29 July 2011).

Anani K, Hudson JB, de Souza C, et al. Investigation of medicinal plants of Togo for antiviral and antimicrobial activities. Pharm Biol 2000;38:40-5. View abstract.

Chadare FJ, Linnemann AR, Hounhouigan JD, et al. Baobab food products: a review on their composition and nutritional value. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2009;49:254-74. View abstract.

Chapotin SM, Razanameharizaka JH, Holbrook NM. A biomechanical perspective on the role of large stem volume and high water content in baobab trees (Adansonia spp.; Bombacaceae). Am J Bot 2006;93:1251-64. View abstract.

Chapotin SM, Razanameharizaka JH, Holbrook NM. Baobab trees (Adansonia) in Madagascar use stored water to flush new leaves but not to support stomatal opening before the rainy season. New Phytol 2006;169:549-59. View abstract.

Chapotin SM, Razanameharizaka JH, Holbrook NM. Water relations of baobab trees (Adansonia spp. L.) during the rainy season: does stem water buffer daily water deficits? Plant Cell Environ 2006;29:1021-32. View abstract.

Hudson JB, Anani K, Lee MK, et al. Further investigations on the antiviral activities of medicinal plants of Togo. Pharm Biol 2000;38:46-50. View abstract.

Krishnappa K, Elumalai K, Dhanasekaran S, Gokulakrishnan J. Larvicidal and repellent properties of Adansonia digitata against medically important human malarial vector mosquito Anopheles stephensi (Diptera: Culicidae). J Vector Borne Dis 2012;49:86-90. View abstract.

Mulaudzi RB, Ndhlala AR, Kulkarni MG, et al. Antimicrobial properties and phenolic contents of medicinal plants used by the Venda people for conditions related to venereal diseases. J Ethnopharmacol 2011;135:330-7. View abstract.

Osman MA. Chemical and nutrient analysis of baobab (Adansonia digitata) fruit and seed protein solubility. Plant Foods Hum Nutr 2004;59:29-33. View abstract.

Prentice A, Laskey MA, Shaw J, et al. The calcium and phosphorus intakes of rural Gambian women during pregnancy and lactation. Br J Nutr 1993;69:885-96. View abstract.

Sena LP, Vanderjagt DJ, Rivera C, et al. Analysis of nutritional components of eight famine foods of the Republic of Niger. Plant Foods Hum Nutr 1998;52:17-30. View abstract.

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