Bavencio

Last updated on RxList: 7/13/2020
Drug Description

What is Bavencio nad how is it used?

Bavencio is a prescription medicine used to treat:

  • a type of skin cancer called Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) in adults and children 12 years of age and older. Bavencio may be used when your skin cancer has spread.
  • a type of cancer in the bladder or urinary tract called urothelial carcinoma (UC). Bavencio may be used when your cancer:
    • has spread or cannot be removed by surgery (advanced UC), and
    • you have received chemotherapy that contains platinum, and it did not work or is no longer working.
  • a type of kidney cancer called renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Bavencio may be used with the medicine axitinib as your first treatment when your kidney cancer has spread or cannot be removed by surgery (advanced RCC).
  • It is not known if Bavencio is safe and effective in children under the age of 12.

What are the possible side effects of Bavencio?

Bavencio can cause serious side effects, including:

The most common side effects of Bavencio in people with MCC include:

  • feeling tired
  • muscle and bone pain
  • diarrhea
  • nausea
  • infusion-related reaction including chills, fever and back pain
  • rash
  • decreased appetite
  • swelling in your hands, feet, or ankles

The most common side effects of Bavencio in people with UC include:

  • feeling tired
  • infusion-related reaction including chills, fever, back pain, redness and shortness of breath
  • muscle and bone pain
  • nausea
  • decreased appetite
  • urinary tract infection

The most common side effects of Bavencio when given with axitinib in people with RCC include:

  • diarrhea
  • feeling tired
  • high blood pressure
  • muscle and bone pain
  • nausea
  • mouth sores
  • liver problems
  • blisters or rash on the palms of your hands and soles of your
  • feet
  • hoarseness
  • decreased appetite
  • low levels of thyroid hormone
  • rash
  • shortness of breath
  • cough
  • stomach-area (abdomen) pain
  • headache

These are not all the possible side effects of Bavencio. Ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for more information.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

DESCRIPTION

Avelumab is a programmed death ligand1 (PD-L1) blocking antibody. Avelumab- is a human IgG1 lambda monoclonal antibody produced in Chinese hamster ovary cells and has a molecular weight of approximately 147 kDa.

Bavencio (avelumab) Injection for intravenous use is a sterile, preservative-free, non-pyrogenic, clear, colorless to slightly yellow solution. Each single-dose vial contains 200 mg avelumab in 10 mL (20 mg/mL). Each mL contains 20 mg avelumab, Dmannitol (51 mg), glacial acetic acid (0.6 mg), polysorbate 20 (0.5 mg), sodium hydroxide (0.3 mg), and Water for Injection. The pH range of the solution is 5.0 – 5.6.

Indications

INDICATIONS

Metastatic Merkel Cell Carcinoma

BAVENCIO (avelumab) is indicated for the treatment of adults and pediatric patients 12 years and older with metastatic Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC). This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and duration of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in confirmatory trials [see Clinical Studies].

Locally Advanced Or Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma

First-Line Maintenance Treatment Of Urothelial Carcinoma

BAVENCIO is indicated for the maintenance treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma (UC) that has not progressed with first-line platinum-containing chemotherapy [see Clinical Studies].

Previously-Treated Urothelial Carcinoma

BAVENCIO is indicated for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma (UC) who:

  • Have disease progression during or following platinum-containing chemotherapy
  • Have disease progression within 12 months of neoadjuvant or adjuvant treatment with platinum-containing chemotherapy [see Clinical Studies].

Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

BAVENCIO in combination with axitinib is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) [see Clinical Studies].

SLIDESHOW

Skin Cancer Symptoms, Types, Images See Slideshow
Dosage

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

Premedication

Premedicate patients with an antihistamine and with acetaminophen prior to the first 4 infusions of BAVENCIO. Premedication should be administered for subsequent BAVENCIO doses based upon clinical judgment and presence/severity of prior infusion reactions [see Dose Modifications and WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Recommended Dosage For MCC

The recommended dose of BAVENCIO is 800 mg administered as an intravenous infusion over 60 minutes every 2 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Recommended Dosage For UC

The recommended dose of BAVENCIO is 800 mg administered as an intravenous infusion over 60 minutes every 2 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Recommended Dosage For RCC

The recommended dose of BAVENCIO is 800 mg administered as an intravenous infusion over 60 minutes every 2 weeks in combination with axitinib 5 mg orally taken twice daily (12 hours apart) with or without food until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

When axitinib is used in combination with BAVENCIO, dose escalation of axitinib above the initial 5 mg dose may be considered at intervals of two weeks or longer. Review the Full Prescribing Information for axitinib prior to initiation.

Dose Modifications

Recommended dose modifications of BAVENCIO for adverse reactions are provided in Table 1. Detailed information regarding clinical and laboratory monitoring guidelines for early detection of adverse reactions of BAVENCIO and recommended management (immunosuppressant treatment guidelines) are described in WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS.

Table 1: Recommended Dose Modifications of BAVENCIO for Adverse Reactions

Treatment-Related Adverse ReactionSeverity of Adverse ReactionsDose Modification
Pneumonitis [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]Grade 2 pneumonitisWithhold BAVENCIO.
Resume BAVENCIO in patients with complete or partial resolution (Grade 0 to 1) of pneumonitis after corticosteroid taper.
Grade 3 or 4 pneumonitis or recurrent Grade 2 pneumonitisPermanently discontinue.
Hepatitis [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS] For BAVENCIO in combination with axitinib, see below.Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) more than 3 and up to 5 times the upper limit of normal or total bilirubin more than 1.5 and up to 3 times the upper limit of normalWithhold BAVENCIO.
Resume BAVENCIO in patients with complete or partial resolution (Grade 0 to 1) of hepatitis after corticosteroid taper.
AST or ALT more than 5 times the upper limit of normal or total bilirubin more than 3 times the upper limit of normalPermanently discontinue.
Colitis [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]Grade 2 or 3 diarrhea or colitisWithhold BAVENCIO.
Resume BAVENCIO in patients with complete or partial resolution (Grade 0 to 1) of colitis or diarrhea after corticosteroid taper.
Grade 4 diarrhea or colitis or recurrent Grade 3 diarrhea or colitisPermanently discontinue.
Endocrinopathies (including but not limited to hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, adrenal insufficiency, hyperglycemia) [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]Grade 3 or 4Withhold BAVENCIO.
Resume BAVENCIO in patients with complete or partial resolution (Grade 0 to 1) of endocrinopathies after corticosteroid taper.
Nephritis and Renal Dysfunction [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]Serum creatinine more than 1.5 and up to 6 times the upper limit of normalWithhold BAVENCIO.
Resume BAVENCIO in patients with complete or partial resolution (Grade 0 to 1) of nephritis and renal dysfunction after corticosteroid taper.
Serum creatinine more than 6 times the upper limit of normalPermanently discontinue.
Other immune-mediated adverse reactions (including but not limited to myocarditis, pancreatitis, myositis, psoriasis, arthritis, exfoliative dermatitis, erythema multiforme, pemphigoid, hypopituitarism, uveitis, Guillain-Barré syndrome, bullous dermatitis,For any of the following:
  • Moderate or severe clinical signs or symptoms of an immune-mediated adverse reaction not described above
  • Grade 3 or 4 endocrinopathies
Withhold BAVENCIO pending clinical evaluation.
Resume BAVENCIO in patients with complete or partial resolution (Grade 0 to 1) of other immunemediated adverse reactions after corticosteroid taper.
Stevens Johnson Syndrome (SJS)/toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), rhabdomyolysis, myasthenia gravis, histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis, demyelination, vasculitis, hemolytic anemia, hypophysitis, iritis, and encephalitis)* [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]For any of the following:
  • Life-threatening adverse reaction (excluding endocrinopathies)
  • Recurrent severe immune-mediated adverse reaction
  • Requirement for 10 mg per day or greater prednisone or equivalent for more than 12 weeks
  • Persistent Grade 2 or 3 immune-mediated adverse reactions lasting 12 weeks or longer
Permanently discontinue.
Infusion-related reaction [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]Grade 1 or 2Interrupt or slow the rate of infusion.
Grade 3 or 4Permanently discontinue.
* Observed with BAVENCIO or with other anti-PD-1/PD-L1 monoclonal antibodies.

In patients with RCC being treated with BAVENCIO in combination with axitinib:

  • If ALT or AST ≥ 3 times ULN but < 5 times ULN or total bilirubin ≥ 1.5 times ULN but < 3 times ULN, withhold both BAVENCIO and axitinib until these adverse reactions recover to Grades 0-1. If persistent (greater than 5 days), consider corticosteroid therapy [initial dose of 0.5 to 1 mg/kg/day] prednisone or equivalent followed by a taper. Consider rechallenge with a single drug or sequential rechallenge with both drugs after recovery. Dose reduce per the axitinib Full Prescribing Information if rechallenging with axitinib.
  • If ALT or AST ≥ 5 times ULN or > 3 times ULN with concurrent total bilirubin ≥ 2 times ULN or total bilirubin ≥ 3 times ULN, permanently discontinue both BAVENCIO and axitinib and consider corticosteroid therapy [initial dose 1 to 2 mg/kg/day prednisone or equivalent followed by a taper].

When BAVENCIO is administered in combination with axitinib, review the axitinib Full Prescribing Information for recommended dose modifications for axitinib.

Preparation And Administration

Preparation
  • Visually inspect vial for particulate matter and discoloration. BAVENCIO is a clear, colorless to slightly yellow solution. Discard vial if the solution is cloudy, discolored, or contains particulate matter.
  • Withdraw the required volume of BAVENCIO from the vial(s) and inject it into a 250 mL infusion bag containing either 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection or 0.45% Sodium Chloride Injection.
  • Gently invert the bag to mix the diluted solution and avoid foaming or excessive shearing.
  • Inspect the solution to ensure it is clear, colorless, and free of visible particles.
  • Discard any partially used or empty vials.
Storage Of Diluted BAVENCIO Solution

Protect from light.

Store diluted BAVENCIO solution:

Or

  • At room temperature up to 77°F (25°C) for no more than 4 hours from the time of dilution.
  • Under refrigeration at 36°F to 46°F (2°C to 8°C) for no more than 24 hours from the time of dilution. If refrigerated, allow the diluted solution to come to room temperature prior to administration.

Do not freeze or shake diluted solution.

Administration
  • Administer the diluted solution over 60 minutes through an intravenous line containing a sterile, non-pyrogenic, low protein binding in-line filter (pore size of 0.2 micron).
  • Do not co-administer other drugs through the same intravenous line.

HOW SUPPLIED

Dosage Forms And Strengths

Injection

200 mg/10 mL (20 mg/mL), clear, colorless to slightly yellow solution in a single-dose vial.

Storage And Handling

BAVENCIO (avelumab) Injection is a sterile, preservative-free, and clear, colorless to slightly yellow solution for intravenous infusion supplied as a single-dose vial of 200 mg/10 mL (20 mg/mL), individually packed into a carton (NDC 44087-3535-1).

Store refrigerated at 36°F to 46°F (2°C to 8°C) in original package to protect from light.

Do not freeze or shake the vial.

The vial stopper is not made with natural rubber latex.

Manufactured by: EMD Serono, Inc. One Technology Place, Rockland, MA 02370 USA. Revised: Jun 2020

Side Effects & Drug Interactions

SIDE EFFECTS

The following adverse reactions are described elsewhere in the label:

  • Immune-mediated pneumonitis [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
  • Hepatotoxicity and immune-mediated hepatitis [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
  • Immune-mediated colitis [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
  • Immune-mediated endocrinopathies [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
  • Immune-mediated nephritis and renal dysfunction [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
  • Other immune-mediated adverse reactions [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
  • Infusion-related reactions [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
  • Major adverse cardiovascular events [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]

Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

The data described in the WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS section reflect exposure to BAVENCIO 10 mg/kg intravenously every 2 weeks as a single agent in 1738 patients enrolled in the JAVELIN Merkel 200 and JAVELIN Solid Tumor trials and to BAVENCIO 10 mg/kg intravenously every 2 weeks in combination with axitinib 5 mg orally twice daily in 489 patients enrolled in the JAVELIN Renal 100 and JAVELIN Renal 101 trials. In the BAVENCIO monotherapy population, 24% of patients were exposed for ≥ 6 months and 7% were exposed for ≥ 12 months. The population characteristics of BAVENCIO in combination with axitinib are shown below. When BAVENCIO was used in combination with axitinib, 70% of patients were exposed for ≥ 6 months and 31% were exposed for ≥ 12 months. The following criteria were used to classify an adverse reaction as immune-mediated: onset within 90 days after last dose of BAVENCIO, no spontaneous resolution within 7 days of onset, treatment with corticosteroids or other immunosuppressant or hormone replacement therapy, biopsy consistent with immunemediated reaction, and no other clear etiology.

Metastatic Merkel Cell Carcinoma

The data described below reflect exposure to BAVENCIO 10 mg/kg intravenously every 2 weeks in 88 patients with metastatic MCC enrolled in the JAVELIN Merkel 200 trial. Patients with any of the following were excluded: autoimmune disease; medical conditions requiring systemic immunosuppression; prior organ or allogeneic stem cell transplantation; prior treatment with anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti-CTLA-4 antibodies; central nervous system (CNS) metastases; infection with HIV, hepatitis B, or hepatitis C; or ECOG performance score ≥ 2.

The median duration of exposure to BAVENCIO was 4 months (range: 2 weeks to 21 months). Forty percent of patients received BAVENCIO for more than 6 months and 14% were treated for more than one year [see Clinical Studies]. The study population characteristics were: median age of 73 years (range: 33 to 88), 74% male, 92% White, ECOG performance score of 0 (56%) or 1 (44%), and 65% of patients had one prior anti-cancer therapy for metastatic MCC and 35% had two or more prior therapies.

BAVENCIO was permanently discontinued for adverse reactions in six (7%) patients; adverse reactions resulting in permanent discontinuation were ileus, Grade 3 transaminitis, Grade 3 creatine kinase elevation, tubulointerstitial nephritis, and Grade 3 pericardial effusion. BAVENCIO was temporarily discontinued in 21 (24%) patients for adverse events, excluding temporary dose interruption for infusion-related reactions where infusion was restarted the same day. The most common adverse reaction requiring dose interruption was anemia. Serious adverse reactions that occurred in more than one patient were acute kidney injury, anemia, abdominal pain, ileus, asthenia, and cellulitis. The most common adverse reactions (≥ 20%) were fatigue, musculoskeletal pain, diarrhea, nausea, infusion-related reaction, rash, decreased appetite, and peripheral edema.

Table 2 and Table 3 summarize the incidence of adverse reactions and laboratory abnormalities, respectively, that occurred in patients receiving BAVENCIO.

Table 2: Adverse Reactions in ≥ 10% of Patients Receiving BAVENCIO in the JAVELIN Merkel 200 Trial

Adverse ReactionsBAVENCIO
(N=88)
All Grades
%
Grade 3-4
%
General Disorders
  Fatiguea502
  Infusion-related reactionb220
  Peripheral edemac200
Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue Disorders
  Musculoskeletal paind322
  Arthralgia161
Gastrointestinal Disorders
  Diarrhea230
  Nausea220
  Constipation171
  Abdominal paine162
  Vomiting130
Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue Disorders
  Rashf220
  Pruritusg100
Metabolism and Nutrition Disorders
  Decreased appetite202
  Decreased weight150
Respiratory, Thoracic and Mediastinal Disorders
  Cough180
  Dyspneah111
Nervous System Disorders
  Dizziness140
  Headache100
Vascular Disorders
  Hypertension136
a Fatigue is a composite term that includes fatigue and asthenia.
b Infusion-related reaction is a composite term that includes drug hypersensitivity, hypersensitivity, chills, pyrexia, back pain, and hypotension.
c Peripheral edema is a composite term that includes peripheral edema and peripheral swelling.
d Musculoskeletal pain is a composite term that includes back pain, myalgia, neck pain, pain in extremity.
e Abdominal pain is a composite term that includes abdominal pain and abdominal pain upper.
f Rash is a composite term that includes rash maculo-papular, erythema, and dermatitis bullous.
g Pruritus is a composite term that includes pruritus and pruritus generalized.
h Dyspnea is a composite term that includes dyspnea and dyspnea exertional.

Table 3: Selected Treatment-Emergent* Laboratory Abnormalities in Patients Receiving BAVENCIO in the JAVELIN Merkel 200 Trial

Laboratory TestsAny Grade
(N=88)
%
Grade 3-4
(N=88)
%
Chemistry
  Increased aspartate aminotransferase (AST)341
  Increased alanine aminotransferase (ALT)205
  Increased lipase144
  Increased amylase81
  Increased bilirubin61
  Hyperglycemia**-7
Hematology
  Anemia359
  Lymphopenia4919
  Thrombocytopenia271
  Neutropenia61
* Treatment emergent consists of new onset of laboratory abnormality or worsening of baseline laboratory abnormality.
** Hyperglycemia limited to Grade ≥ 3 events since fasting measurements were not obtained routinely.

Locally Advanced Or Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma

First-Line Maintenance Treatment of Urothelial Carcinoma

The safety of BAVENCIO was evaluated in the JAVELIN Bladder 100 trial where patients received BAVENCIO 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks plus best supportive care (BSC) (N=344) or BSC alone (N=345). Patients with autoimmune diseases or conditions requiring systemic immunosuppression were excluded.

In the BAVENCIO plus BSC arm, 47% were exposed to BAVENCIO for > 6 months and 28% were exposed for > 1 year [see Clinical Studies].

The median age of patients treated with BAVENCIO plus BSC was 69 years (range: 37 to 90), 63% of patients were 65 years or older, 76% were male, 67% were White, and the ECOG performance score was 0 (61%) or 1 (39%).

A fatal adverse reaction (sepsis) occurred in one (0.3%) patient receiving BAVENCIO plus BSC.

Serious adverse reactions occurred in 28% of patients receiving BAVENCIO plus BSC. Serious adverse reactions in ≥ 1% of patients included urinary tract infection (including kidney infection, pyelonephritis, and urosepsis) (6.1%), pain (including abdominal, back, bone, flank, extremity, and pelvic pain) (3.2%), acute kidney injury (1.7%), hematuria (1.5%), sepsis (1.2%), and infusion-related reaction (1.2%).

Permanent discontinuation due to an adverse reaction of BAVENCIO plus BSC occurred in 12% of patients. Adverse reactions resulting in permanent discontinuation of BAVENCIO in > 1% of patients were myocardial infarction (including acute myocardial infarction and troponin T increased) (1.5%) and infusion-related reaction (1.2%).

Dose interruptions due to an adverse reaction, excluding temporary interruptions of BAVENCIO infusions due to infusion-related reactions, occurred in 41% of patients receiving BAVENCIO plus BSC. Adverse reactions leading to interruption of BAVENCIO in > 2% of patients were urinary tract infection (including pyelonephritis) (4.7%) and blood creatinine increased (including acute kidney injury, renal impairment, and renal failure) (3.8%).

The most common adverse reactions (≥ 20%) in patients receiving BAVENCIO plus BSC were fatigue, musculoskeletal pain, urinary tract infection, and rash.

Thirty-one (9%) patients treated with BAVENCIO plus BSC received an oral prednisone dose equivalent to ≥ 40 mg daily for an immune-mediated adverse reaction [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Table 4 summarizes adverse reactions that occurred in ≥ 10% of patients treated with BAVENCIO plus BSC.

Table 4: Adverse Reactions (≥ 10%) of Patients Receiving BAVENCIO plus BSC (JAVELIN Bladder 100 Trial)

Adverse ReactionsBAVENCIO plus BSC
(N=344)
BSC
(N=345)
All Grades
%
Grade 3-4
%
All Grades
%
Grade 3-4
%
General Disorders and Administration Site Conditions
  Fatiguea351.7131.7
  Pyrexia150.33.50
Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue Disorders
  Musculoskeletal painb241.22.30
  Arthralgia170.31.70
Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue Disorders
  Rashc201.22.30
  Pruritus170.31.70
Infections and Infestations
  Urinary tract infectiond206113.8
Gastrointestinal Disorders
  Diarrhea170.64.90.3
  Constipation160.69.00
  Nausea160.360.6
  Vomiting131.23.50.6
Respiratory, Thoracic and Mediastinal Disorders
  Coughe140.34.60
Metabolism and Nutrition Disorders
  Decreased appetite140.370.6
Endocrine disorders
  Hypothyroidism120.306.0
Injury, Poisoning and Procedural Complications
  Infusion-related reaction100.900
a Fatigue is a composite term that includes fatigue, asthenia and malaise.
b Musculoskeletal pain is a composite term that includes musculoskeletal pain, back pain, myalgia, and neck pain.
c Rash is a composite term that includes rash, rash maculo-papular, erythema, dermatitis acneiform, eczema, erythema multiforme, rash erythematous, rash macular, rash papular, rash pruritic, drug eruption and lichen planus.
d Urinary tract infection is a composite term that includes urinary tract infection, urosepsis, cystitis, kidney infection, pyuria, pyelonephritis, bacteriuria, pyelonephritis acute, urinary tract infection bacterial, and Escherichia urinary tract infection.
e Cough is a composite term that includes cough and productive cough.

Patients received pre-medication with an anti-histamine and acetaminophen prior to each infusion. Infusion-related reactions occurred in 10% (Grade 3: 0.9%) of patients treated with BAVENCIO plus BSC.

Table 5: Selected Laboratory Abnormalities Worsening from Baseline Occurring in ≥ 10% of Patients Receiving BAVENCIO plus BSC (JAVELIN Bladder 100 Trial)

Laboratory AbnormalityBAVENCIO plus BSC*BSC*
Any Grade
%
Grade 3-4
%
Any Grade
%
Grade 3-4
%
Chemistry
  Blood triglycerides increased342.1281.2
  Alkaline phosphatase increased302.9202.3
  Blood sodium decreased286202.6
Lipase increased258166
  Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) increased241.7120.9
  Blood potassium increased243.8160.9
  Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) increased242.6120.6
  Blood cholesterol increased221.2160.3
  Serum amylase increased215121.8
  CPK increased192.4120
  Phosphate decreased193.2151.2
Hematology
  Hemoglobin decreased284.4183.2
  White blood cell decreased200.6100
  Platelet count decreased180.6120.3
* Each test incidence is based on the number of patients who had both baseline and at least one on-study laboratory measurement available: BAVENCIO plus BSC group (range: 339 to 344 patients) and BSC group (range: 329 to 341 patients).

Previously-Treated Urothelial Carcinoma

The safety of BAVENCIO was evaluated in 242 patients with locally advanced or metastatic UC receiving BAVENCIO at 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks in the UC cohorts of the JAVELIN Solid Tumor trial. Patients received pre-medication with an anti-histamine and acetaminophen prior to each infusion. The median duration of exposure to BAVENCIO was 12 weeks (range: 2 weeks to 92 weeks) [see Clinical Studies].

Fourteen patients (6%) who were treated with BAVENCIO experienced either pneumonitis, respiratory failure, sepsis/urosepsis, cerebrovascular accident, or gastrointestinal adverse events, which led to death.

Grade 1-4 serious adverse reactions were reported in 41% of patients. The most frequent serious adverse reactions reported in ≥ 2% of patients were urinary tract infection/urosepsis, abdominal pain, musculoskeletal pain, creatinine increased/renal failure, dehydration, hematuria/urinary tract hemorrhage, intestinal obstruction/small intestine obstruction, and pyrexia.

Permanent discontinuation due to an adverse reaction for BAVENCIO occurred in 12% of patients. The adverse reaction that resulted in permanent discontinuation in > 1% of patients was fatigue.

Dose interruptions due to an adverse reaction, excluding temporary interruptions due to infusion-related reactions, occurred in 29% of patients receiving BAVENCIO. Adverse reactions leading to interruption of BAVENCIO in > 1% of patients were diarrhea, fatigue, dyspnea, urinary tract infection, and rash.

The most common Grade 3 and 4 adverse reactions (≥ 3%) were anemia, fatigue, hyponatremia, hypertension, urinary tract infection, and musculoskeletal pain.

The most common adverse reactions (≥ 20%) were fatigue, infusion-related reaction, musculoskeletal pain, nausea, decreased appetite, and urinary tract infection.

Eleven (4.5%) patients received an oral prednisone dose equivalent to ≥ 40 mg daily for an immune-mediated adverse reaction [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

The safety of BAVENCIO was evaluated in JAVELIN Renal 101. Patients with autoimmune disease other than type I diabetes mellitus, vitiligo, psoriasis, or thyroid disorders not requiring immunosuppressive treatment were excluded. Patients received BAVENCIO 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks administered in combination with axitinib 5 mg twice daily (N=434) or sunitinib 50 mg once daily for 4 weeks followed by 2 weeks off (N=439).

In the BAVENCIO plus axitinib arm, 70% were exposed to BAVENCIO for ≥ 6 months and 29% were exposed for ≥ 1 year in JAVELIN Renal 101 [see Clinical Studies].

The median age of patients treated with BAVENCIO in combination with axitinib was 62 years (range: 29 to 83), 38% of patients were 65 years or older, 71% were male, 75% were White, and the ECOG performance score was 0 (64%) or 1 (36%).

Fatal adverse reactions occurred in 1.8% of patients receiving BAVENCIO in combination with axitinib. These included sudden cardiac death (1.2%), stroke (0.2%), myocarditis (0.2%), and necrotizing pancreatitis (0.2%).

Serious adverse reactions occurred in 35% of patients receiving BAVENCIO in combination with axitinib. Serious adverse reactions in ≥ 1% of patients included diarrhea (2.5%), dyspnea (1.8%), hepatotoxicity (1.8%), venous thromboembolic disease (1.6%), acute kidney injury (1.4%), and pneumonia (1.2%).

Permanent discontinuation due to an adverse reaction of either BAVENCIO or axitinib occurred in 22% of patients: 19% BAVENCIO only, 13% axitinib only, and 8% both drugs. The most common adverse reactions (> 1%) resulting in permanent discontinuation of BAVENCIO or the combination were hepatotoxicity (6%) and infusion-related reaction (1.8%).

Dose interruptions or reductions due to an adverse reaction, excluding temporary interruptions of BAVENCIO infusions due to infusion-related reactions, occurred in 76% of patients receiving BAVENCIO in combination with axitinib. This includes interruption of BAVENCIO in 50% of patients. Axitinib was interrupted in 66% and dose reduced in 19% of patients. The most common adverse reaction (> 10%) resulting in interruption of BAVENCIO was diarrhea (10%) and the most common adverse reactions resulting in either interruption or dose reduction of axitinib were diarrhea (19%), hypertension (18%), palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia (18%), and hepatotoxicity (10%).

The most common adverse reactions (≥ 20%) in patients receiving BAVENCIO in combination with axitinib were diarrhea, fatigue, hypertension, musculoskeletal pain, nausea, mucositis, palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia, dysphonia, decreased appetite, hypothyroidism, rash, hepatotoxicity, cough, dyspnea, abdominal pain, and headache.

Forty-eight (11%) patients treated with BAVENCIO in combination with axitinib received an oral prednisone dose equivalent to ≥ 40 mg daily for an immune-mediated adverse reaction [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Table 6 summarizes adverse reactions that occurred in ≥ 20% of BAVENCIO in combination with axitinib-treated patients.

Table 6: Adverse Reactions (≥ 20%) of Patients Receiving BAVENCIO in Combination with Axitinib (JAVELIN Renal 101 Trial)

Adverse ReactionsBAVENCIO plus Axitinib
(N=434)
Sunitinib
(N=439)
All Grades
%
Grade 3-4
%
All Grades
%
Grade 3-4
%
Gastrointestinal Disorders
  Diarrheaa628482.7
  Nausea341.4391.6
  Mucositisb342.8352.1
  Hepatotoxicityc249183.6
  Abdominal paind221.4192.1
General Disorders and Administration Site Conditions
  Fatiguee536546
Vascular Disorders
  Hypertensionf50263617
Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue Disorders
  Musculoskeletal paing403.2332.7
Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue Disorders
  Palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia336344
  Rashh250.9160.5
Respiratory, Thoracic and Mediastinal Disorders
  Dysphonia310.53.20
  Dyspneai233161.8
  Cough230.2190
Metabolism and Nutrition Disorders
  Decreased appetite262.1290.9
Endocrine Disorders
  Hypothyroidism250.2140.2
Nervous System Disorders
  Headache210.2160.2
a Diarrhea is a composite term that includes diarrhea, autoimmune colitis, and colitis.
b Mucositis is a composite term that includes mucosal inflammation and stomatitis.
c Hepatotoxicity is a composite term that includes ALT increased, AST increased, autoimmune hepatitis, bilirubin conjugated, bilirubin conjugated increased, blood bilirubin increased, drug-induced liver injury, hepatic enzyme increased, hepatic function abnormal, hepatitis, hepatitis fulminant, hepatocellular injury, hepatotoxicity, hyperbilirubinemia, immune-mediated hepatitis, liver function test increased, liver disorder, liver injury, and transaminases increased.
d Abdominal pain is a composite term that includes abdominal pain, flank pain, abdominal pain upper, and abdominal pain lower.
e Fatigue is a composite term that includes fatigue and asthenia.
f Hypertension is a composite term that includes hypertension and hypertensive crisis.
g Musculoskeletal pain is a composite term that includes musculoskeletal pain, musculoskeletal chest pain, myalgia, back pain, bone pain, musculoskeletal discomfort, neck pain, spinal pain, and pain in extremity.
h Rash is a composite term that includes rash, rash generalized, rash macular, rash maculo-papular, rash pruritic, rash erythematous, rash papular, and rash pustular.

Other clinically important adverse reactions that occurred in less than 20% of patients in JAVELIN Renal 101 included arthralgia, weight decreased, and chills.

Patients received pre-medication with an anti-histamine and acetaminophen prior to each infusion. Infusion-related reactions occurred in 12% (Grade 3: 1.6%; no Grade 4) of patients treated with BAVENCIO in combination with axitinib.

Table 7 summarizes selected laboratory abnormalities that occurred in ≥ 20% of BAVENCIO in combination with axitinib-treated patients.

Table 7: Selected Laboratory Abnormalities Worsening from Baseline Occurring in ≥ 20% of Patients Receiving BAVENCIO in Combination with Axitinib (JAVELIN Renal 101 Trial)

Laboratory AbnormalityBAVENCIO plus Axitinib*Sunitinib*
Any Grade
%
Grade 3-4
%
Any Grade
%
Grade 3-4
%
Chemistry
  Blood triglycerides increased7113485
  Blood creatinine increased622.3681.4
  Blood cholesterol increased571.9220.7
  Alanine aminotransferase increased (ALT)509463.2
  Aspartate aminotransferase increased (AST)477573.2
  Blood sodium decreased3893710
  Lipase increased3714257
  Blood potassium increased353283.9
  Blood bilirubin increased211.4231.4
Hematology
  Platelet count decreased270.78015
  Hemoglobin decreased212.1658
* Each test incidence is based on the number of patients who had both baseline and at least one on-study laboratory measurement available: BAVENCIO in combination with axitinib group (range: 413 to 428 patients) and sunitinib group (range: 405 to 433 patients).

Immunogenicity

As with all therapeutic proteins, there is potential for immunogenicity. The detection of antibody formation is highly dependent on the sensitivity and specificity of the assay. Additionally, the observed incidence of antibody (including neutralizing antibody) positivity in an assay may be influenced by several factors including assay methodology, sample handling, timing of sample collection, concomitant medications, and underlying disease. For these reasons, comparison of the incidence of antibodies to avelumab in the studies described below with the incidence of antibodies in other studies or to other products may be misleading.

Of the 344 patients treated with BAVENCIO 10 mg/kg as an intravenous infusion every 2 weeks plus BSC, 325 were evaluable for treatment-emergent anti-drug antibodies (ADA) and 62 (19.1%) tested positive in the JAVELIN Bladder 100 trial.

Of the 480 patients treated with BAVENCIO 10 mg/kg as an intravenous infusion every 2 weeks in combination with axitinib 5 mg twice daily, 453 were evaluable for treatment-emergent ADA and 66 (15%) tested positive in the JAVELIN Renal 100 and JAVELIN Renal 101 trials.

Patients who tested positive for treatment-emergent ADA had decreased systemic BAVENCIO exposure [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY]. In exploratory analyses, the effect of ADA on the efficacy or safety could not be determined due to insufficient numbers of patients in the ADA-positive subgroup and confounding variables.

DRUG INTERACTIONS

No Information Provided

Warnings & Precautions

WARNINGS

Included as part of the "PRECAUTIONS" Section

PRECAUTIONS

Immune-Mediated Pneumonitis

BAVENCIO can cause immune-mediated pneumonitis, including fatal cases [see ADVERSE REACTIONS]. Monitor patients for signs and symptoms of pneumonitis and evaluate patients with suspected pneumonitis with radiographic imaging. Administer corticosteroids (initial dose of 1 to 2 mg/kg/day prednisone or equivalent, followed by a corticosteroid taper) for Grade 2 or greater pneumonitis. Withhold BAVENCIO for moderate (Grade 2) pneumonitis, and permanently discontinue for severe (Grade 3), life-threatening (Grade 4), or recurrent moderate (Grade 2) pneumonitis [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

Pneumonitis occurred in 1.2% of patients receiving BAVENCIO including one (0.1%) patient with fatal, one (0.1%) with Grade 4, and five (0.3%) with Grade 3 pneumonitis. Immunemediated pneumonitis led to permanent discontinuation of BAVENCIO in 0.3% of patients. Among the 21 patients with immune-mediated pneumonitis, the median time to onset was 2.5 months (range: 3 days to 11 months) and the median duration of pneumonitis was 7 weeks (range: 4 days to 4+ months). All 21 patients were treated with systemic corticosteroids; 17 (81%) of the 21 patients received high-dose corticosteroids for a median of 8 days (range: 1 day to 2.3 months). Resolution of pneumonitis occurred in 12 (57%) of the 21 patients at the time of data cut-off.

Hepatotoxicity And Immune-Mediated Hepatitis

BAVENCIO can cause immune-mediated hepatitis including fatal cases [see ADVERSE REACTIONS]. Monitor patients for abnormal liver tests prior to and periodically during treatment. Administer corticosteroids (initial dose of 1 to 2 mg/kg/day prednisone or equivalent, followed by a corticosteroid taper) for Grade 2 or greater hepatitis. Withhold BAVENCIO for moderate (Grade 2) immune-mediated hepatitis until resolution and permanently discontinue for severe (Grade 3) or life-threatening (Grade 4) immune-mediated hepatitis [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

BAVENCIO As A Single Agent

Immune-mediated hepatitis occurred in 0.9% of patients receiving BAVENCIO including two (0.1%) patients with fatal and 11 (0.6 %) patients with Grade 3 immune-mediated hepatitis. Immune-mediated hepatitis led to permanent discontinuation of BAVENCIO in 0.5% of patients. Among the 16 patients with immune-mediated hepatitis, the median time to onset was 3.2 months (range: 1 week to 15 months), and the median duration of hepatitis was 2.5 months (range: 1 day to 7.4+ months). All 16 patients were treated with corticosteroids; 15 (94%) of the 16 patients received high-dose corticosteroids for a median of 14 days (range: 1 day to 2.5 months). Resolution of hepatitis occurred in nine (56%) of the 16 patients at the time of data cut-off.

BAVENCIO With Axitinib

BAVENCIO in combination with axitinib can cause hepatotoxicity with higher than expected frequencies of Grade 3 and 4 ALT and AST elevation. Consider more frequent monitoring of liver enzymes as compared to when the drugs are used as monotherapy. Withhold BAVENCIO and axitinib for moderate (Grade 2) hepatotoxicity and permanently discontinue the combination for severe or life-threatening (Grade 3 or 4) hepatotoxicity. Administer corticosteroids as needed [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

In patients treated with BAVENCIO in combination with axitinib in the advanced RCC trials, Grades 3 and 4 increased ALT and increased AST were reported in 9% and 7% of patients, respectively. In patients with ALT ≥ 3 times ULN (Grades 2-4, n=82), ALT resolved to Grades 0-1 in 92%. Among the 73 patients who were rechallenged with either BAVENCIO (59%) or axitinib (85%) monotherapy or with both (55%), 66% had no recurrence of ALT ≥ 3 times ULN. Immune-mediated hepatitis was reported in 7% of patients including 4.9% with Grade 3 or 4 immune-mediated hepatitis. Hepatotoxicity led to permanent discontinuation in 6.5% and immune-mediated hepatitis led to permanent discontinuation of either BAVENCIO or axitinib in 5.3% of patients. Among the 35 patients with immune-mediated hepatitis, the median time to onset was 2.8 months (range: 2.1 weeks to 14.5 months) and the median duration of hepatitis was 15 days (range: 2 days to 9 months). Thirty-four patients were treated with corticosteroids and one patient was treated with a non-steroidal immunosuppressant; 33 patients received high-dose corticosteroids for a median of 21 days (range: 4 days to 3 months). Resolution of hepatitis occurred in 31 of the 35 patients at the time of data cut-off.

Immune-Mediated Colitis

BAVENCIO can cause immune-mediated colitis [see ADVERSE REACTIONS]. Monitor patients for signs and symptoms of colitis. Administer corticosteroids (initial dose of 1 to 2 mg/kg/day prednisone or equivalent followed by a corticosteroid taper) for Grade 2 or greater colitis. Withhold BAVENCIO for moderate or severe (Grade 2 or 3) colitis until resolution. Permanently discontinue BAVENCIO for life-threatening (Grade 4) or for recurrent (Grade 3) colitis upon reinitiation of BAVENCIO [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

Immune-mediated colitis occurred in 1.5% of patients receiving BAVENCIO including seven (0.4%) patients with Grade 3 colitis. Immune-mediated colitis led to permanent discontinuation of BAVENCIO in 0.5% of patients. Among the 26 patients with immune-mediated colitis, the median time to onset was 2.1 months (range: 2 days to 11 months) and the median duration of colitis was 6 weeks (range: 1 day to 14+ months). All 26 patients were treated with corticosteroids; 15 (58%) of the 26 patients received high-dose corticosteroids for a median of 19 days (range: 1 day to 2.3 months). Resolution of colitis occurred in 18 (70%) of the patients at the time of data cut-off.

Immune-Mediated Endocrinopathies

BAVENCIO can cause immune-mediated endocrinopathies [see ADVERSE REACTIONS].

Adrenal Insufficiency

Monitor patients for signs and symptoms of adrenal insufficiency during and after treatment. Administer corticosteroids as appropriate for adrenal insufficiency. Withhold BAVENCIO for severe (Grade 3) or life-threatening (Grade 4) adrenal insufficiency [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

Adrenal insufficiency occurred in 0.5% of patients receiving BAVENCIO including one patient (0.1%) with Grade 3 adrenal insufficiency. Immune-mediated adrenal insufficiency led to permanent discontinuation of BAVENCIO in 0.1% of patients. Among the 8 patients with immune-mediated adrenal insufficiency, the median time to onset was 2.5 months (range: 1 day to 8 months). All eight patients were treated with corticosteroids; four (50%) of the eight patients received high-dose corticosteroids for a median of 1 day (range: 1 day to 24 days).

Thyroid Disorders (Hypothyroidism/Hyperthyroidism)

BAVENCIO can cause immune-mediated thyroid disorders. Thyroid disorders can occur at any time during treatment. Monitor patients for changes in thyroid function at the start of treatment, periodically during treatment, and as indicated based on clinical evaluation. Manage hypothyroidism with hormone-replacement therapy. Initiate medical management for control of hyperthyroidism. Withhold BAVENCIO for severe (Grade 3) or life-threatening (Grade 4) thyroid disorders [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

Immune-mediated thyroid disorders occurred in 6% of patients receiving BAVENCIO including 3 (0.2%) Grade 3 immune-mediated thyroid disorders. Immune-mediated thyroid disorders led to discontinuation of BAVENCIO in 0.1% of patients. Hypothyroidism occurred in 90 (5%) patients; hyperthyroidism in seven (0.4%) patients; and thyroiditis in four (0.2%) patients treated with BAVENCIO. Among the 98 patients with immune-mediated thyroid disorders, the median time to onset was 2.8 months (range: 2 weeks to 13 months) and the median duration was not estimable (range: 6 days to more than 26 months). Immune-mediated thyroid disorders resolved in seven (7%) of the 98 patients.

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

BAVENCIO can cause type 1 diabetes mellitus, including diabetic ketoacidosis. Monitor patients for hyperglycemia or other signs and symptoms of diabetes. Withhold BAVENCIO and administer anti-hyperglycemics or insulin in patients with severe or life-threatening (Grade ≥ 3) hyperglycemia. Resume treatment with BAVENCIO when metabolic control is achieved on insulin replacement or anti-hyperglycemics [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

Type 1 diabetes mellitus without an alternative etiology occurred in 0.1% of patients including two cases of Grade 3 hyperglycemia that led to permanent discontinuation of BAVENCIO.

Immune-Mediated Nephritis And Renal Dysfunction

BAVENCIO can cause immune-mediated nephritis [see ADVERSE REACTIONS]. Monitor patients for elevated serum creatinine prior to and periodically during treatment. Administer corticosteroids (initial dose of 1 to 2 mg/kg/day prednisone or equivalent followed by a corticosteroid taper) for Grade 2 or greater nephritis. Withhold BAVENCIO for moderate (Grade 2) or severe (Grade 3) nephritis until resolution to ≤ Grade 1. Permanently discontinue BAVENCIO for life-threatening (Grade 4) nephritis [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

Immune-mediated nephritis occurred in 0.1% of patients receiving BAVENCIO; BAVENCIO was permanently discontinued in this patient.

Other Immune-Mediated Adverse Reactions

BAVENCIO can result in severe and fatal immune-mediated adverse reactions [see ADVERSE REACTIONS]. These immune-mediated reactions may involve any organ system. Most immune-mediated reactions initially manifest during treatment with BAVENCIO; however, immune-mediated adverse reactions can occur after discontinuation of BAVENCIO.

For suspected immune-mediated adverse reactions, evaluate to confirm or rule out an immunemediated adverse reaction and to exclude other causes. Depending upon the severity of the adverse reaction, withhold or permanently discontinue BAVENCIO, administer high dose corticosteroids, and if appropriate, initiate hormone replacement therapy. Upon improvement to Grade 1 or less, initiate corticosteroid taper. Resume BAVENCIO when the immune-mediated adverse reaction remains at Grade 1 or less following corticosteroid taper. Permanently discontinue BAVENCIO for any severe (Grade 3) immune-mediated adverse reaction that recurs and for any life-threatening immune-mediated adverse reaction [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

The following clinically significant, immune-mediated adverse reactions occurred at an incidence of less than 1% of patients who received BAVENCIO as a single agent or in 489 patients who received BAVENCIO in combination with axitinib: immune-mediated myocarditis including fatal cases, pancreatitis including fatal cases, immune-mediated myositis, psoriasis, arthritis, exfoliative dermatitis, erythema multiforme, pemphigoid, hypopituitarism, uveitis, Guillain-Barré syndrome, and systemic inflammatory response. The following clinically significant, immune-mediated adverse reactions have been reported with other products in this class: bullous dermatitis, Stevens Johnson Syndrome (SJS)/toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), rhabdomyolysis, myasthenia gravis, histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis, demyelination, vasculitis, hemolytic anemia, hypophysitis, iritis, and encephalitis.

Infusion-Related Reactions

BAVENCIO can cause severe or life-threatening infusion-related reactions [see ADVERSE REACTIONS]. Premedicate with antihistamine and acetaminophen prior to the first 4 infusions. Monitor patients for signs and symptoms of infusion-related reactions including pyrexia, chills, flushing, hypotension, dyspnea, wheezing, back pain, abdominal pain, and urticaria. Interrupt or slow the rate of infusion for mild or moderate infusion-related reactions. Stop the infusion and permanently discontinue BAVENCIO for severe (Grade 3) or lifethreatening (Grade 4) infusion-related reactions [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION and ADVERSE REACTIONS].

Infusion-related reactions occurred in 25% of patients treated with BAVENCIO including three (0.2%) Grade 4 and nine (0.5%) Grade 3 infusion-related reactions. Ninety-three percent of patients received premedication with antihistamine and acetaminophen. Eleven (92%) of the 12 patients with Grade ≥ 3 reactions were treated with intravenous corticosteroids. Fourteen percent of patients had infusion-related reactions that occurred after the BAVENCIO infusion was completed.

Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events (MACE)

BAVENCIO in combination with axitinib can cause severe and fatal cardiovascular events. Consider baseline and periodic evaluations of left ventricular ejection fraction. Monitor for signs and symptoms of cardiovascular events. Optimize management of cardiovascular risk factors, such as hypertension, diabetes, or dyslipidemia. Discontinue BAVENCIO and axitinib for Grade 3-4 cardiovascular events.

MACE occurred in 7% of patients with advanced RCC treated with BAVENCIO in combination with axitinib compared to 3.4% treated with sunitinib in a randomized trial, JAVELIN Renal 101. These events included death due to cardiac events (1.4%), Grade 3-4 myocardial infarction (2.8%), and Grade 3-4 congestive heart failure (1.8%). Median time to onset of MACE was 4.2 months (range: 2 days to 24.5 months).

Embryo-Fetal Toxicity

Based on its mechanism of action, BAVENCIO can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Animal studies have demonstrated that inhibition of the PD-1/PD-L1 pathway can lead to increased risk of immune-mediated rejection of the developing fetus resulting in fetal death. If this drug is used during pregnancy, or if the patient becomes pregnant while taking BAVENCIO, inform the patient of the potential risk to a fetus. Advise females of childbearing potential to use effective contraception during treatment with BAVENCIO and for at least one month after the last dose of BAVENCIO [see Use In Specific Populations].

Patient Counseling Information

Advise the patient to read the FDA-approved patient labeling (PATIENT INFORMATION).

Immune-Mediated Adverse Reactions

Inform patients of the risk of immune-mediated adverse reactions requiring corticosteroids or hormone replacement therapy, including, but not limited to:

Pneumonitis

Advise patients to contact their healthcare provider immediately for new or worsening cough, chest pain, or shortness of breath [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Hepatitis

Advise patients to contact their healthcare provider immediately for jaundice, severe nausea or vomiting, pain on the right side of abdomen, lethargy, or easy bruising or bleeding [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Colitis

Advise patients to contact their healthcare provider immediately for diarrhea or severe abdominal pain [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Endocrinopathies

Advise patients to contact their healthcare provider immediately for signs or symptoms of adrenal insufficiency, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, and diabetes mellitus [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Nephritis and Renal Dysfunction

Advise patients to contact their healthcare provider immediately for signs or symptoms of nephritis including decreased urine output, blood in urine, swelling in ankles, loss of appetite, and any other symptoms of renal dysfunction [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Infusion-Related Reactions

Advise patients to contact their healthcare provider immediately for signs or symptoms of potential infusion-related reactions [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events

Advise patients receiving BAVENCIO in combination with axitinib to contact their healthcare provider immediately for signs or symptoms of cardiovascular events including but not limited to new or worsening chest discomfort, dyspnea, or peripheral edema [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS.]

Embryo-Fetal Toxicity

Advise females of reproductive potential that BAVENCIO can cause fetal harm. Instruct females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during and for at least one month after the last dose of BAVENCIO [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS and Use In Specific Populations].

Lactation

Advise nursing mothers not to breastfeed while taking BAVENCIO and for at least one month after the final dose [see Use In Specific Populations].

Nonclinical Toxicology

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment Of Fertility

No studies have been conducted to assess the potential of avelumab for genotoxicity or carcinogenicity.

Fertility studies have not been conducted with avelumab; however, an assessment of male and female reproductive organs was included in 3-month repeat-dose toxicity study in Cynomolgus monkeys. Weekly administration of avelumab did not result in any notable effects in the male and female reproductive organs.

Use In Specific Populations

Pregnancy

Risk Summary

Based on its mechanism of action, BAVENCIO can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. There are no available data on the use of BAVENCIO in pregnant women [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY]. Animal studies have demonstrated that inhibition of the PD-1/PD-L1 pathway can lead to increased risk of immune-mediated rejection of the developing fetus resulting in fetal death [see Data]. Human IgG1 immunoglobulins (IgG1) are known to cross the placenta. Therefore, BAVENCIO has the potential to be transmitted from the mother to the developing fetus. If this drug is used during pregnancy, or if the patient becomes pregnant while taking this drug, advise the patient of the potential risk to a fetus.

In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2% to 4% and 15% to 20%, respectively.

Data

Animal Data

Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with BAVENCIO to evaluate its effect on reproduction and fetal development. A central function of the PD-1/PD-L1 pathway is to preserve pregnancy by maintaining maternal immune tolerance to the fetus. In murine models of pregnancy, blockade of PD-L1 signaling has been shown to disrupt tolerance to the fetus and to result in an increase in fetal loss; therefore, potential risks of administering BAVENCIO during pregnancy include increased rates of abortion or stillbirth. As reported in the literature, there were no malformations related to the blockade of PD-1/PD-L1 signaling in the offspring of these animals; however, immune-mediated disorders occurred in PD-1 and PD-L1 knockout mice. Based on its mechanism of action, fetal exposure to BAVENCIO may increase the risk of developing immune-related disorders or altering the normal immune response.

Lactation

Risk Summary

There is no information regarding the presence of avelumab in human milk, the effects on the breastfed infant, or the effects on milk production. Since many drugs including antibodies are excreted in human milk, advise a lactating woman not to breastfeed during treatment and for at least one month after the last dose of BAVENCIO due to the potential for serious adverse reactions in breastfed infants.

Females And Males Of Reproductive Potential

Contraception

Based on its mechanism of action, BAVENCIO can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman [see Pregnancy]. Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with BAVENCIO and for at least 1 month after the last dose of BAVENCIO.

Pediatric Use

The safety and effectiveness of BAVENCIO have been established in pediatric patients aged 12 years and older for metastatic MCC. Use of BAVENCIO in this age group is supported by evidence from adequate and well-controlled studies of BAVENCIO in adults with additional population pharmacokinetic data demonstrating that age and body weight had no clinically meaningful effect on the steady state exposure of avelumab, that drug exposure is generally similar between adults and pediatric patients age 12 years and older for monoclonal antibodies, and that the course of MCC is sufficiently similar in adult and pediatric patients to allow extrapolation of data in adults to pediatric patients. The recommended dose in pediatric patients 12 years of age or greater is the same as that in adults [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION, CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY, and Clinical Studies].

Safety and effectiveness of BAVENCIO have not been established in pediatric patients less than 12 years of age.

Geriatric Use

Metastatic Merkel Cell Carcinoma

Clinical studies of BAVENCIO in MCC did not include sufficient numbers of patients aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger patients.

Locally Advanced Or Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma

Of the 344 patients randomized to BAVENCIO 10 mg/kg plus BSC in the JAVELIN Bladder 100 trial, 63% were 65 years or older and 24% were 75 years or older. No overall differences in safety or efficacy were reported between elderly patients and younger patients.

Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

Of the 434 patients randomized to BAVENCIO 10 mg/kg administered in combination with axitinib 5 mg twice daily in the JAVELIN Renal 101 trial, 38% were 65 years or older and 8% were 75 years or older. No overall difference in safety or efficacy were reported between elderly patients and younger patients.

Clinical Pharmacology

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Mechanism Of Action

PD-L1 may be expressed on tumor cells and tumor-infiltrating immune cells and can contribute to the inhibition of the anti-tumor immune response in the tumor microenvironment. Binding of PD-L1 to the PD-1 and B7.1 receptors found on T cells and antigen presenting cells suppresses cytotoxic T-cell activity, T-cell proliferation, and cytokine production. Avelumab binds PD-L1 and blocks the interaction between PD-L1 and its receptors PD-1 and B7.1. This interaction releases the inhibitory effects of PD-L1 on the immune response resulting in the restoration of immune responses, including anti-tumor immune responses. Avelumab has also been shown to induce antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) in vitro. In syngeneic mouse tumor models, blocking PD-L1 activity resulted in decreased tumor growth.

Pharmacodynamics

Based on exposure efficacy and exposure safety relationships, there are no expected clinically meaningful differences in the safety or efficacy of BAVENCIO administered every 2 weeks at 800 mg or 10 mg/kg in patients with metastatic Merkel cell carcinoma, in patients with urothelial carcinoma and in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma.

Pharmacokinetics

Avelumab pharmacokinetics (PK) was assessed using a population PK approach for both singleagent BAVENCIO and BAVENCIO in combination with axitinib. There are no expected clinically meaningful differences in exposure of avelumab administered every 2 weeks at 800 mg or 10 mg/kg in both settings.

BAVENCIO As A Single Agent

The pharmacokinetics of avelumab as a single agent was studied in 1629 patients who received doses ranging from 1 to 20 mg/kg every 2 weeks. The data showed that the exposure of avelumab increased dose-proportionally in the dose range of 10 to 20 mg/kg every 2 weeks. Steady-state concentrations of avelumab were reached after approximately 4 to 6 weeks (2 to 3 cycles) of repeated dosing, and the systemic accumulation was approximately 1.25-fold. The geometric mean volume of distribution at steady state for a subject receiving 10 mg/kg was 4.72 L. The primary elimination mechanism of avelumab is proteolytic degradation. Based on population pharmacokinetic analyses in patients with solid tumors, the total systemic clearance was 0.59 L/day and the terminal half-life was 6.1 days in patients receiving 10 mg/kg. In a post hoc analysis, avelumab clearance was found to decrease over time in patients with MCC, with a mean maximal reduction (% coefficient of variation [CV%]) from baseline value of approximately 32.1% (36.2%), which is not considered clinically important. There was no evidence to suggest a change of avelumab clearance over time in patients with UC.

BAVENCIO With Axitinib

When BAVENCIO 10 mg/kg was administered in combination with axitinib 5 mg, the respective exposures of avelumab and axitinib were comparable to the single agents. There was no evidence to suggest a clinically relevant change of avelumab clearance over time in patients with advanced RCC.

Specific Populations

Body weight was positively correlated with total systemic clearance in population pharmacokinetic analyses. No clinically meaningful differences in pharmacokinetics were observed in the clearance of avelumab based on age; sex; race; PD-L1 status; tumor burden; mild [calculated creatinine clearance (CLcr) 60 to 89 mL/min, n=623 as estimated by the Cockcroft- Gault formula], moderate [CLcr 30 to 59 mL/min, n=320], or severe [CLcr 15 to 29 mL/min, n=4] renal impairment; and mild [bilirubin less than or equal to ULN and AST greater than ULN or bilirubin between 1 and 1.5 times ULN, n=217] or moderate [bilirubin between 1.5 and 3 times ULN, n=4] hepatic impairment. There are limited data from patients with severe hepatic impairment [bilirubin greater than 3 times ULN, n=1], and the effect of severe hepatic impairment on the pharmacokinetics of avelumab is unknown. In patients with advanced UC or advanced RCC, BAVENCIO clearance in patients who tested positive for treatment-emergent ADA was approximately 15% higher as compared to clearance in patients who tested negative for treatment-emergent ADA.

Animal Toxicology And/Or Pharmacology

In animal models, inhibition of PD-L1/PD-1 signaling increased the severity of some infections and enhanced inflammatory responses. M. tuberculosis-infected PD-1 knockout mice exhibit markedly decreased survival compared with wild-type controls, which correlated with increased bacterial proliferation and inflammatory responses in these animals. PD-L1 and PD-1 knockout mice and mice receiving PD-L1 blocking antibody have also shown decreased survival following infection with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus.

Clinical Studies

Metastatic Merkel Cell Carcinoma

The efficacy and safety of BAVENCIO was demonstrated in the JAVELIN Merkel 200 trial (NCT02155647), an open-label, single-arm, multi-center study conducted in patients with histologically confirmed metastatic MCC whose disease had progressed on or after chemotherapy administered for distant metastatic disease. The trial excluded patients with autoimmune disease; medical conditions requiring systemic immunosuppression; prior organ or allogeneic stem cell transplantation; prior treatment with anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti-CTLA-4 antibodies; CNS metastases; infection with HIV, hepatitis B, or hepatitis C; or ECOG performance score ≥ 2.

Patients received BAVENCIO 10 mg/kg as an intravenous infusion over 60 minutes every 2 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with radiological disease progression not associated with significant clinical deterioration, defined as no new or worsening symptoms, no change in performance status for greater than 2 weeks, and no need for salvage therapy, could continue treatment. Tumor response assessments were performed every 6 weeks. The major efficacy outcome measures were confirmed overall response rate (ORR) according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) v1.1 as assessed by a blinded independent central review committee (IRC) and IRC-assessed duration of response. The efficacy analysis was conducted when the last patient enrolled had completed 12 months of follow-up.

A total of 88 patients were enrolled. Baseline patient characteristics were a median age of 73 years (range: 33 to 88), 74% of patients were male, 92% were White, and the ECOG performance score was 0 (56%) or 1 (44%). Seventy-five percent of patients were 65 years or older, 35% were 75 or older, and 3% were 85 or older. Sixty-five percent of patients were reported to have had one prior anti-cancer therapy for metastatic MCC and 35% had two or more prior therapies. Fifty-three percent of patients had visceral metastases. All patients had tumor samples evaluated for PD-L1 expression; of these, 66% were PD-L1-positive (≥ 1% of tumor cells), 18% were PD-L1 negative, and 16% had non-evaluable results by an investigational immunohistochemistry assay. Archival tumor samples were evaluated for Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCV) using an investigational assay; of the 77 patients with evaluable results, 52% had evidence of MCV.

Efficacy results are presented in Table 8. Responses were observed in patients regardless of tumor PD-L1 expression or presence of MCV.

Table 8: Efficacy Results of the JAVELIN Merkel 200 Trial

Efficacy EndpointsResults
(N=88)
Overall Response Rate (ORR)
  Overall response rate, (95% CI)33.0% (23.3%, 43.8%)
  Complete response (CR) rate, (95% CI)11.4% (6.6%, 19.9%)
  Partial response (PR) rate, (95% CI)21.6% (13.5%, 31.7%)
Duration of Response (DOR)N=29
  Range in months2.8 to 23.3+
  Patients with DOR ≥ 6 months, n (%)25 (86%)
  Patients with DOR ≥ 12 months, n (%)13 (45%)
CI: Confidence interval.

Locally Advanced Or Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma

First-Line Maintenance Treatment Of Urothelial Carcinoma

The efficacy and safety of BAVENCIO was demonstrated in the JAVELIN Bladder 100 trial (NCT02603432), a randomized, multi-center, open-label study conducted in 700 patients with unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma that did not progress with firstline platinum-containing chemotherapy. Patients with autoimmune disease or a medical condition that required immunosuppression were excluded.

Randomization was stratified by best response to chemotherapy (CR/PR vs. stable disease [SD]) and site of metastasis (visceral vs. non-visceral) at the time of initiating first-line chemotherapy. Patients were randomized (1:1) to receive either BAVENCIO 10 mg/kg intravenous infusion every 2 weeks plus best supportive care (BSC) or BSC alone. Treatment was initiated within 4-10 weeks after the last dose of chemotherapy.

Treatment with BAVENCIO continued until RECIST v1.1-defined progression of disease by Blinded Independent Central Review (BICR) assessment or unacceptable toxicity. Administration of BAVENCIO was permitted beyond RECIST-defined disease progression if the patient was clinically stable and was considered to be deriving clinical benefit by the investigator. Assessment of tumor status was performed at baseline, 8 weeks after randomization, then every 8 weeks up to 12 months after randomization, and every 12 weeks thereafter until documented confirmed disease progression based on BICR assessment per RECIST v1.1.

Baseline characteristics were well-balanced between arms. Overall, the median age was 69 years (range: 32 to 90), with 66% of patients ≥ 65 years of age and 24% of patients ≥ 75 years of age. Most patients were male (77%). The majority of patients were White (67%) and 22% were Asian. Baseline ECOG PS was 0 (61%) or 1 (39%).

Fifty-six percent (56%) of patients received prior gemcitabine plus cisplatin, 38% of patients received prior gemcitabine plus carboplatin, and 6% of patients received prior gemcitabine plus cisplatin and gemcitabine plus carboplatin. Best response to first-line chemotherapy was CR or PR (72%) or SD (28%). Sites of metastasis prior to chemotherapy were visceral (55%) or nonvisceral (45%). Fifty-one (51%) of patients had PD-L1-positive-tumors, 39% of patients had PD-L1-negative tumors, and 10% of patients had unknown PD-L1 tumor status. Six percent (6%) of patients received another PD-1/PD-L1 checkpoint inhibitor after discontinuation of treatment in the BAVENCIO plus BSC arm and 44% of patients in the BSC arm.

The major efficacy outcome measure was overall survival (OS) in all randomized patients and patients with PD-L1-positive tumors. The trial demonstrated a statistically significant improvement in OS for patients randomized to BAVENCIO plus BSC as compared with BSC alone (Table 9 and Figure 1). Consistent results were observed across the pre-specified subgroup of CR/PR versus SD to first-line chemotherapy.

Table 9: Efficacy Results from the JAVELIN Bladder 100 Trial

Efficacy EndpointsBAVENCIO plus BSC
(N=350)
BSC
(N=350)
Overall Survival (OS)
  Events (%)145 (41.4)179 (51.1)
  Median in months (95% CI)21.4 (18.9, 26.1)14.3 (12.9, 17.9)
  Hazard ratio (95% CI)0.69 (0.56, 0.86)
  2-sided p-value*0.001
BSC: Best supportive care; CI: Confidence interval.
* p-value based on stratified log-rank.

Figure 1: K-M Estimates for OS from the JAVELIN Bladder 100 Trial

K-M Estimates for OS from the JAVELIN Bladder 100 Trial - Illustration

In the prespecified endpoint of OS among patients with PD-L1-positive tumors (n=358, 51%), the hazard ratio was 0.56 (95% CI: 0.40, 0.79; 2-sided p-value <0.001) for patients randomized to BAVENCIO plus BSC versus BSC alone. In an exploratory analysis of patients with PD-L1-negative tumors (n=271, 39%), the OS hazard ratio was 0.85 (95% CI: 0.62, 1.18).

Previously-Treated Urothelial Carcinoma

The efficacy and safety of BAVENCIO was demonstrated in the UC cohorts of the JAVELIN Solid Tumor trial, an open-label, single-arm, multi-center study that included 242 patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma (UC) with disease progression on or after platinum-containing chemotherapy or who had disease progression within 12 months of treatment with a platinum-containing neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy regimen. Patients with active or history of central nervous system metastasis; other malignancies within the last 5 years; organ transplant; conditions requiring therapeutic immune suppression; or active infection with HIV, hepatitis B, or hepatitis C were excluded. Patients with autoimmune disease, other than type 1 diabetes, vitiligo, psoriasis, or thyroid disease that did not require immunosuppressive treatment, were excluded. Patients were included regardless of their PD-L1 status.

Patients received BAVENCIO at a dose of 10 mg/kg intravenously every 2 weeks until radiographic or clinical progression or unacceptable toxicity. Tumor response assessments were performed every 6 weeks. Efficacy outcome measures included confirmed overall response rate (ORR), as assessed by an Independent Endpoint Review Committee (IERC) using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) v1.1, and duration of response (DOR). Efficacy was evaluated in patients who were followed for a minimum of both 13 weeks and 6 months at the time of data cut-off.

Baseline demographic and disease characteristics for the 226 patients with a minimum of 13 weeks of follow-up were median age 68 years (range: 30 to 89), 72% male, 80% White, and 34% and 66% of patients had an ECOG performance status 0 and 1, respectively. Forty-four percent of patients had non-bladder urothelial carcinoma including 23% of patients with upper tract disease, and 83% of patients had visceral metastases (baseline target and/or non-target lesions present outside of the lymph nodes). Nine (4%) patients had disease progression following prior platinum-containing neoadjuvant or adjuvant therapy only. Forty-seven percent of patients only received prior cisplatin-based regimens, 32% received only prior carboplatin-based regimens, and 20% received both cisplatin and carboplatin-based regimens. At baseline, 17% of patients had a hemoglobin < 10 g/dL and 34% of patients had liver metastases.

Efficacy results are presented in Table 10. The median time to response was 2.0 months (range: 1.3 to 11.0) among patients followed for either ≥ 13 weeks or ≥ 6 months. Using a clinical trial assay to assess PD-L1 staining, with 16% of patients not evaluable, there were no clear differences in response rates based on PD-L1 tumor expression. Among the total 30 responding patients followed for ≥ 13 weeks, 22 patients (73%) had an ongoing response of 6 months or longer and 4 patients (13%) had ongoing responses of 12 months or longer. Among the total 26 responding patients followed for ≥ 6 months, 22 patients (85%) had ongoing responses of 6 months or longer and 4 patients (15%) had ongoing responses of 12 months or longer.

Table 10: Efficacy Results of the UC Cohorts in the JAVELIN Solid Tumor Trial

Efficacy Endpoints≥ 13Weeks
Follow-Up
(N=226)
≥ 6 Months
Follow-Up
(N=161)
Confirmed Overall Response Rate (ORR)
  Overall Response Rate n (%)30 (13.3%)26 (16.1%)
  (95% CI)(9.1, 18.4)(10.8, 22.8)
  Complete Response (CR) n (%)9 (4.0%)9 (5.6%)
  Partial Response (PR) n (%)21 (9.3%)17 (10.6%)
Duration of Response (DOR)
  Median, months (range)NE (1.4+ to 17.4+)NE (1.4+ to 17.4+)
CI: Confidence interval; NE: Not estimable; + denotes a censored value.

Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

The efficacy and safety of BAVENCIO in combination with axitinib was demonstrated in the JAVELIN Renal 101 trial (NCT02684006), a randomized, multicenter, open-label, study of BAVENCIO in combination with axitinib in 886 patients with untreated advanced RCC regardless of tumor PD-L1 expression [intent-to-treat (ITT) population]. Patients with autoimmune disease or conditions requiring systemic immunosuppression were excluded.

Randomization was stratified according to Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status (PS) (0 vs. 1) and region (United States vs. Canada/Western Europe vs. the rest of the world). Patients were randomized (1:1) to one of the following treatment arms:

  • BAVENCIO 10 mg/kg intravenous infusion every 2 weeks in combination with axitinib 5 mg twice daily orally (N=442). Patients who tolerated axitinib 5 mg twice daily without Grade 2 or greater axitinib-related adverse events for 2 consecutive weeks could increase to 7 mg and then subsequently to 10 mg twice daily. Axitinib could be interrupted or reduced to 3 mg twice daily and subsequently to 2 mg twice daily to manage toxicity.
  • Sunitinib 50 mg once daily orally for 4 weeks followed by 2 weeks off (N=444) until radiographic or clinical progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Treatment with BAVENCIO and axitinib continued until RECIST v1.1-defined progression of disease by Blinded Independent Central Review (BICR) assessment or unacceptable toxicity. Administration BAVENCIO and axitinib was permitted beyond RECIST-defined disease progression if the patient was clinically stable and considered to be deriving clinical benefit by the investigator. Assessment of tumor status was performed at baseline, after randomization at 6 weeks, then every 6 weeks thereafter up to 18 months after randomization, and every 12 weeks thereafter until documented confirmed disease progression by BICR.

Baseline characteristics were a median age of 61 years (range: 27 to 88), 38% of patients were 65 years or older, 75% were male, 75% were White, and the ECOG PS was 0 (63%) or 1 (37%), respectively. Patient distribution by International Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Database (IMDC) risk groups was 21% favorable, 62% intermediate, and 16% poor.

The major efficacy outcome measures were progression-free survival (PFS), as assessed by an BICR using RECIST v1.1 and overall survival (OS) in patients with PD-L1-positive tumors using a clinical trial assay (PD-L1 expression level ≥ 1%). Since PFS was statistically significant in patients with PD-L1-positive tumors [HR 0.61 (95% CI: 0.48, 0.79)], it was then tested in the ITT population and a statistically significant improvement in PFS in the ITT population was also demonstrated.

With a median overall survival follow-up of 19 months, overall survival data were immature with 27% deaths in the ITT population.

Efficacy results are presented in Table 11 and Figure 2.

Table 11: Efficacy Results from JAVELIN Renal 101 Trial - ITT

Efficacy Endpoints
(Based on BICR Assessment)
BAVENCIO plus Axitinib
(N=442)
Sunitinib
(N=444)
Progression-Free Survival (PFS)
  Events (%)180 (41)216 (49)
  Median in months (95% CI)13.8 (11.1, NE)8.4 (6.9, 11.1)
  Hazard ratio (95% CI)0.69 (0.56, 0.84)
  2-sided p-value*0.0002
Confirmed Objective Response Rate (ORR)
  Objective Response Rate n (%)227 (51.4)114 (25.7)
  (95% CI)(46.6, 56.1)(21.7, 30.0)
  Complete Response (CR) n (%)15 (3.4)8 (1.8)
  Partial Response (PR) n (%)212 (48)106 (24)
BICR: Blinded Independent Central Review; CI: Confidence interval; NE: Not estimable.
* p-value based on stratified log-rank.

Figure 2: K-M Estimates for PFS based on BICR Assessment – ITT

K-M Estimates for PFS based on BICR Assessment – ITT - Illustration

Medication Guide

PATIENT INFORMATION

BAVENCIO®
(buh-VEN-see-oh)
(avelumab) injection

What is the most important information I should know about BAVENCIO?

BAVENCIO is a medicine that may treat certain cancers by working with your immune system. BAVENCIO can cause your immune system to attack normal organs and tissues and can affect the way they work. These problems can sometimes become serious or life-threatening and can lead to death.

Call or see your healthcare provider right away if you get any symptoms of the following problems or these symptoms get worse:

Lung problems (pneumonitis). Signs and symptoms of pneumonitis may include:

  • new or worsening cough
  • shortness of breath
  • chest pain

Liver problems, including hepatitis. Signs and symptoms of liver problems may include:

  • yellowing of your skin or the whites of your eyes
  • drowsiness
  • severe nausea or vomiting
  • dark urine (tea colored)
  • pain on the right side of your stomach area (abdomen)
  • bleeding or bruising more easily than normal

Intestinal problems (colitis). Signs and symptoms of colitis may include:

  • diarrhea (loose stools) or more bowel movements than usual
  • blood in your stools or dark, tarry, sticky stools
  • severe stomach area (abdomen) pain or tenderness

Hormone gland problems (especially the adrenal glands, thyroid, and pancreas). Signs and symptoms that your hormone glands are not working properly may include:

  • rapid heartbeat
  • constipation
  • increased sweating
  • your voice gets deeper
  • extreme tiredness
  • very low blood pressure
  • weight gain or weight loss
  • urinating more often than usual
  • feeling more hungry or thirsty than usual
  • dizziness or fainting
  • hair loss
  • nausea or vomiting
  • changes in mood or behavior, such as irritability or forgetfulness
  • stomach area (abdomen) pain
  • feeling cold

Kidney problems, including nephritis. Signs and symptoms of kidney problems may include:

  • decrease in your amount of urine
  • swelling in your ankles
  • blood in your urine
  • loss of appetite

Problems in other organs. Signs and symptoms may include:

  • severe muscle weakness
  • tiredness, sleepiness
  • severe or persistent muscle or joint pains
  • swelling of the feet and legs
  • chest pain and tightness
  • dizziness or fainting
  • trouble breathing
  • fever, flu-like symptoms
  • skin rash, blisters, or peeling
  • changes in eyesight
  • changes in heartbeat, such as beating fast, or seeming to skip a beat, or pounding sensation

Severe infusion reactions. Signs and symptoms of severe infusion reactions may include:

  • chills or shaking
  • hives
  • flushing
  • shortness of breath or wheezing
  • low blood pressure
  • fever
  • back pain
  • stomach area (abdomen) pain

Heart problems. When BAVENCIO is used with the medicine axitinib, severe heart problems can happen and can lead to death. Signs and symptoms of heart problems may include:

  • swelling of your stomach area (abdomen), legs, hands, feet, or ankles
  • shortness of breath
  • nausea or vomiting
  • chest discomfort, including pain or pressure
  • weight gain
  • pain or discomfort in your arms, back, neck, or jaw
  • breaking out in a cold sweat
  • feeling lightheaded or dizzy

Getting medical treatment right away may help keep these problems from becoming more serious.

Your healthcare provider will check you for these problems during your treatment with BAVENCIO. Your healthcare provider may treat you with corticosteroid or hormone replacement medicines. Your healthcare provider may delay or completely stop treatment with BAVENCIO if you have severe side effects.

What is BAVENCIO?

BAVENCIO is a prescription medicine used to treat:

  • a type of skin cancer called Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) in adults and children 12 years of age and older. BAVENCIO may be used when your skin cancer has spread.
  • a type of cancer in the bladder or urinary tract called urothelial carcinoma (UC) when it has spread or cannot be removed by surgery (advanced UC). BAVENCIO may be used:
    • as maintenance treatment when your cancer has responded or stabilized after you have received platinumcontaining chemotherapy as your first treatment.
    • when you have received platinum-containing chemotherapy, and it did not work or is no longer working.
  • a type of kidney cancer called renal cell carcinoma (RCC). BAVENCIO may be used with the medicine axitinib as your first treatment when your kidney cancer has spread or cannot be removed by surgery (advanced RCC).

It is not known if BAVENCIO is safe and effective in children under the age of 12.

Before you receive BAVENCIO, tell your healthcare provider about all of your medical conditions, including if you:

  • have immune system problems such as Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis
  • have had an organ transplant
  • have lung or breathing problems
  • have liver or kidney problems
  • have diabetes
  • have heart problems or high blood pressure
  • have a high cholesterol level in your blood
  • are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. BAVENCIO can harm your unborn baby. If you are able to become pregnant, you should use an effective method of birth control during your treatment and for at least 1 month after the last dose of BAVENCIO.
  • are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if BAVENCIO passes into your breast milk. Do not breastfeed during treatment and for at least 1 month after the final dose of BAVENCIO.

Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.

How will I receive BAVENCIO?

  • Your healthcare provider will give you BAVENCIO into your vein through an intravenous (IV) line over 60 minutes.
  • BAVENCIO is usually given every 2 weeks.
  • Your healthcare provider will give you medicines before the first 4 infusions and then as needed to help reduce infusion reactions.
  • Your healthcare provider will decide how many treatments you need.
  • Your healthcare provider will do blood tests to check you for certain side effects.
  • If you miss any appointments, call your healthcare provider as soon as possible to reschedule your appointment.

What are the possible side effects of BAVENCIO?

BAVENCIO can cause serious side effects, including:

  • See “What is the most important information I should know about BAVENCIO?”

The most common side effects of BAVENCIO in people with MCC include:

  • feeling tired
  • muscle and bone pain
  • diarrhea
  • nausea
  • infusion-related reaction including chills, fever, and back pain
  • rash
  • decreased appetite
  • swelling in your hands, feet, or ankles

The most common side effects of BAVENCIO as maintenance treatment in people with UC whose cancer responded or stabilized after platinum-containing chemotherapy as first treatment include:

  • feeling tired
  • urinary tract infection
  • muscle and bone pain
  • rash

The most common side effects of BAVENCIO in people with UC after platinum-containing chemotherapy that did not work, or is no longer working, include:

  • feeling tired
  • infusion-related reaction including chills, fever, back pain, redness, and shortness of breath
  • muscle and bone pain
  • nausea
  • decreased appetite
  • urinary tract infection

The most common side effects of BAVENCIO when given with axitinib in people with RCC include:

  • diarrhea
  • feeling tired
  • high blood pressure
  • muscle and bone pain
  • nausea
  • mouth sores
  • liver problems
  • blisters or rash on the palms of your hands and soles of your feet
  • hoarseness
  • decreased appetite
  • low levels of thyroid hormone
  • rash
  • shortness of breath
  • cough
  • stomach area (abdomen) pain
  • headache

These are not all the possible side effects of BAVENCIO. Ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for more information.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

General information about the safe and effective use of BAVENCIO.

Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Medication Guide. If you would like more information about BAVENCIO, talk with your healthcare provider. You can ask your pharmacist or healthcare provider for information about BAVENCIO that is written for health professionals.

What are the ingredients in BAVENCIO?

Active ingredient: avelumab

Inactive ingredients: D-mannitol, glacial acetic acid, polysorbate 20, sodium hydroxide, and Water for Injection

This Medication Guide has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

FDA Logo

Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

Health Solutions From Our Sponsors