Reviewed on 6/11/2021
Other Name(s):

Albero del Pane, Árbol del Pan, Arbre Á Pain, Artocarpo, Artocarpus altilis, Artocarpus communis, Artocarpus incisus, Breadnut, Brødfrugt, Brödfrukt, Broodboom, Broodvrucht, Brotfruchtbaum, Castaña de Malabar, Châtaignier de Malabar, Dugdug, Fruta de Pan, Fruta Pão, Kathal, Kelur, Khanun, Kulor, Marure, Mazapán, Pana, Pana de Pepitas, Pan de Año, Pan de Ñame, Pan de Pobre, Pan de Todo el Año, Pão de Massa, Rimas, Sukun, Timbul, 'Ulu.


Breadfruit is a tree. Breadfruit roots, leaves, and latex are used to make medicine.

Breadfruit root and leaves are taken by mouth for arthritis, asthma, back pain, diabetes, fever, gout, high blood pressure, liver disease, and toothaches. Breadfruit latex is taken by mouth for diarrhea and stomach pain.

Breadfruit root and leaves are applied to the skin for boils, burns, ear infections, herpes, skin infections, sore or tired eyes, and thrush. Breadfruit latex is applied to the skin for broken bones, sprains, and sciatica.

The seeds and fruit of breadfruit are eaten as foods.

How does it work?

Breadfruit might lower blood pressure by decreasing heart rate and weakening the force of heart muscle contractions.


Vitamin D Deficiency: How Much Vitamin D Is Enough? See Slideshow

Uses & Effectiveness

Insufficient Evidence to Rate Effectiveness for...

  • Arthritis.
  • Asthma.
  • Back pain.
  • Diabetes.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Fever.
  • Gout.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Leg weakness and pain (sciatica).
  • Liver disease.
  • Sprains.
  • Stomach pain.
  • Toothache.
  • Wound healing.
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of breadfruit for these uses.

Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database rates effectiveness based on scientific evidence according to the following scale: Effective, Likely Effective, Possibly Effective, Possibly Ineffective, Likely Ineffective, and Insufficient Evidence to Rate (detailed description of each of the ratings).

Side Effects

There isn't enough information available to know if breadfruit is safe as a medicine or what the side effects might be.


Next to red peppers, you can get the most vitamin C from ________________. See Answer

Special Precautions & Warnings

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Not enough is known about the use of breadfruit as a medicine during pregnancy and breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.

Bleeding disorders: There is concern that breadfruit might increase the risk of bleeding. Don't use breadfruit as a medicine if you have a bleeding disorder.

Allergies: Breadfruit might cause allergic reactions in people sensitive to bananas or Benjamin fig.

Hypotension: Breadfruit might lower blood pressure. This might cause blood pressure to drop too low in people who already have low blood pressure.


Medications for high blood pressure (Antihypertensive drugs)Interaction Rating: Moderate Be cautious with this combination.Talk with your health provider.

Breadfruit might decrease blood pressure. Taking breadfruit along with medications for high blood pressure might cause your blood pressure to go too low.
Some medications for high blood pressure include captopril (Capoten), enalapril (Vasotec), losartan (Cozaar), valsartan (Diovan), diltiazem (Cardizem), Amlodipine (Norvasc), hydrochlorothiazide (HydroDiuril), furosemide (Lasix), and many others.

Medications that slow blood clotting (Anticoagulant / Antiplatelet drugs)Interaction Rating: Moderate Be cautious with this combination.Talk with your health provider.

Breadfruit might slow blood clotting. Taking breadfruit along with medications that also slow clotting might increase the chances of bruising and bleeding.
Some medications that slow blood clotting include aspirin, clopidogrel (Plavix), diclofenac (Voltaren, Cataflam, others), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others), naproxen (Anaprox, Naprosyn, others), dalteparin (Fragmin), enoxaparin (Lovenox), heparin, warfarin (Coumadin), and others.


The appropriate dose of breadfruit depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for breadfruit. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.

FDA Logo

Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

Health Solutions From Our Sponsors


Adewusi SR, Orisadare BO, Oke OL. Studies on weaning diets in Nigeria: 2 protein sources. Plant Foods Hum Nutr 1992;42(2):183-192. View abstract.

Altman LJ, Zito S. W. Sterols and triterpenes from the fruit of Artocarpus altilis. Phytochemistry 1976;5:829-830.

Bahado-Singh PS, Wheatley AO, Ahmad MH, Morrison EY, Asemota HN. Food processing methods influence the glycaemic indices of some commonly eaten West Indian carbohydrate-rich foods. Br J Nutr 2006;96(3):476-481. View abstract.

Baum, H. E. The name of the breadfruit. Science 1903;18(457):439. View abstract.

Bennett FD, Nozzolillo C. How many seeds in a seeded breadfruit, Artocarpus altilis (Moraceae)? Economic Bot 1987;41(3):370-374.

Chan SC, Ko HH, Lin CN. New prenylflavonoids from Artocarpus communis. J Nat Prod 2003;66(3):427-430. View abstract.

De Greef JM, Lieutier-Colas F, Bessot JC, et al. Urticaria and rhinitis to shrubs of Ficus benjamina and breadfruit in a banana-allergic road worker: evidence for a cross-sensitization between Moracea, banana and latex. Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2001;125(2):182-184. View abstract.

Deivanai S, Subhash JB. Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis Fosb.) - an underutilized and neglected fruit plant species. Middle East J Sci Res 2010;6(5):418-428.

Donsing P, Limpeanchob N, Viyoch J. Evaluation of the effect of Thai breadfruit's heartwood extract on melanogenesis-inhibitory and antioxidation activities. J Cosmet Sci 2008;59(1):41-58. View abstract.

Englberger L, Marks GC, Fitzgerald MH. Factors to consider in Micronesian food-based interventions: a case study of preventing vitamin A deficiency. Public Health Nutr 2004;7(3):423-431. View abstract.

Esuoso KO, Bamiro FO. Studies on the baking properties of non-wheat flours--I. Breadfruit (Artocarpus artilis). Int J Food Sci Nutr 1995;46(3):267-273. View abstract.

Fang SC, Hsu CL, Yu YS, Yen GC. Cytotoxic effects of new geranyl chalcone derivatives isolated from the leaves of Artocarpus communis in SW 872 human liposarcoma cells. J Agric Food Chem 2008;56(19):8859-8868. View abstract.

Floch H. [Nutrition in French Guiana; breeding of swine and raising of breadfruit.]. Publ Inst Pasteur Guyane Fr Inini 1955;16(383):1-6. View abstract.

Golden KD, Williams OJ. Amino acid, fatty acid, and carbohydrate content of Artocarpus altilis (breadfruit). J Chromatogr Sci 2001;39(6):243-250. View abstract.

Graham HD, Negron de Bravo E. Composition of the breadfruit. J Food Sci 1981;46(2):535.

Huang AS, Titchenal CA, Meilleur BA. Nutrient Composition of Taro Corms and Breadfruit. J Food Compost Anal 2000;13(5):859-864.

Lu Y, Sun C, Wang Y, Pan Y. Two-dimensional counter-current chromatography for the preparative separation of prenylflavonoids from Artocarpus altilis. J Chromatogr A 2007;1151(1-2):31-36. View abstract.

Oliveira C, Felix W, Moreira RA, Teixeira JA, Domingues L. Expression of frutalin, an alpha-D-galactose-binding jacalin-related lectin, in the yeast Pichia pastoris. Protein Expr Purif 2008;60(2):188-193. View abstract.

Patil AD, Freyer AJ, Killmer L, et al. A new dimeric dihydrochalcone and a new prenylated flavone from the bud covers of Artocarpus altilis: potent inhibitors of cathepsin K. J Nat Prod 2002;65(4):624-627. View abstract.

Pineau N, Pousset JL, Preud'Homme JL, Aucouturier P. Structural and functional similarities of breadfruit seed lectin and jacalin. Mol Immunol 1990;27(3):237-240. View abstract.

Ramdath DD, Isaacs RL, Teelucksingh S, Wolever TM. Glycaemic index of selected staples commonly eaten in the Caribbean and the effects of boiling v. crushing. Br J Nutr 2004;91(6):971-977. View abstract.

Rincon AM, Bou Rached L, Aragoza LE, Padilla F. [Effect of acetylation and oxidation on some properties of breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis) seed starch]. Arch Latinoam Nutr 2007;57(3):287-294. View abstract.

Rincon AM, Padilla FC. Physicochemical properties of Venezuelan breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis) starch. Arch Latinoam Nutr 2004;54(4):449-456. View abstract.

Shimizu K, Fukuda M, Kondo R, Sakai K. The 5 alpha-reductase inhibitory components from heartwood of Artocarpus incisus: structure-activity investigations. Planta Med 2000;66(1):16-19. View abstract.

Shimizu K, Kondo R, Sakai K, Lee SH, Sato H. The inhibitory components from Artocarpus incisus on melanin biosynthesis. Planta Med 1998;64(5):408-412. View abstract.

Spary E, White P. Food of paradise: Tahitian breadfruit and the autocritique of European consumption. Endeavour 2004;28(2):75-80. View abstract.

Trindade MB, Lopes JL, Soares-Costa A, et al. Structural characterization of novel chitin-binding lectins from the genus Artocarpus and their antifungal activity. Biochim Biophys Acta 2006;1764(1):146-152. View abstract.

Wang Y, Deng T, Lin L, Pan Y, Zheng X. Bioassay-guided isolation of antiatherosclerotic phytochemicals from Artocarpus altilis. Phytother Res 2006;20(12):1052-1055. View abstract.

Wang Y, Xu K, Lin L, Pan Y, Zheng X. Geranyl flavonoids from the leaves of Artocarpus altilis. Phytochemistry 2007;68(9):1300-1306. View abstract.

Washburn FL. Breadfruit in the Marquesas. Science 1924;59(1529):359-360. View abstract.

Weng JR, Chan SC, Lu YH, et al. Antiplatelet prenylflavonoids from Artocarpus communis. Phytochemistry 2006;67(8):824-829. View abstract.

Wootton M, Tumaalii F. Composition of Flours from Samoan Breadfruit. J Food Sci 2006;49(5):1396-1397.

Worrell DB, Carrington CMS, Huber DJ. Growth, maturation and ripening of breadfruit, Artocarpus altilis (Park.) Fosb. Scientia Horticult 1998;76:17-28.

Young RE, Williams LAD, Gardner MT, Fletcher CK. An extract of the leaves of the breadfruit Artocarpus altilis (parkinson) fosberg exerts a negative inotropic effect on rat myocardium. Phytother Res 2006;7(2):190-193.

Zerega NJ, Ragone D, Motley TJ. Complex origins of breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis, Moraceae): implications for human migrations in Oceania. Am J Bot 2004;91(5):760-6. View abstract.

Health Solutions From Our Sponsors