Table of Contents
- Canker sore definition and facts
- What are canker sores, and what do they look like?
- What causes canker sores?
- Are canker sores the same thing as cold sores (fever blisters)?
- What are symptoms and signs of canker sores?
- What natural or home remedies cure canker sores?
- What topical prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) medications cure canker sores?
- What mouthwash solutions be used to treat and cure canker sores?
- What oral medications are available to cure canker sores?
- What should a person do if they get reccurent or chronic canker sores?
What causes canker sores?
The cause of most canker sores is not well understood, and multiple factors may cause sores to appear. Some possible causes of canker sores include the following:
- Injury to the mouth may cause simple canker sores. Injury could be from vigorous tooth brushing, dental work, braces or dentures, or a sports accident.
- Acidic foods, including citrus fruits, may trigger a canker sore or make it worse.
- Food sensitivities or allergies (anything from highly acidic foods to chocolate and coffee)
- Diets low in vitamins B12, zinc, folate (folic acid), or iron
- Toothpaste containing sodium lauryl sulfate
- Allergy to certain bacteria in the mouth
- Emotional stress
- Gastrointestinal tract diseases such as Celiac disease or Crohn's disease
- Autoimmune disorders such as systemic lupus erythematosus or Behçet's disease
- Other immune system weakness such as a cold or the flu, HIV/AIDS, or an organ transplan
- Systemic conditions such as Crohn’s disease or nutritional deficiencie
- Oral cancer
- Certain drugs may cause canker sores, including:
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
- Oral nicotine
- Chemotherapy medicines
- Sulfa drugs
- Anticholinergic bronchodilators
- Platelet aggregation inhibitors
- Protease inhibitors
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3/9Reviewed on 10/10/2016