Other Name(s):

Caramuru, Catuaba Casca, Chuchuhuasha, Erythroxylum catuaba, Golden Trumpet, Pau de Reposta, Piratancara, Tatuaba.


Catuaba is an herb. People use the bark to make medicine.

Catuaba is used to heighten sexual arousal and treat male sexual performance problems. It is also used for agitation, trouble sleeping related to high blood pressure, nervousness, ongoing mental and physical fatigue (neurasthenia), poor memory or forgetfulness, skin cancer; and as a tonic.

How does it work?

Catuaba contains chemicals that might work against certain bacteria and viruses.


Next to red peppers, you can get the most vitamin C from ________________. See Answer

Uses & Effectiveness

Insufficient Evidence to Rate Effectiveness for...

  • Male sexual performance problems.
  • Anxiety.
  • Exhaustion.
  • Fatigue.
  • Sleeplessness.
  • Nervousness.
  • Poor memory or forgetfulness.
  • Skin cancer.
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of catuaba for these uses.

Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database rates effectiveness based on scientific evidence according to the following scale: Effective, Likely Effective, Possibly Effective, Possibly Ineffective, Likely Ineffective, and Insufficient Evidence to Rate (detailed description of each of the ratings).

Side Effects

There isn't enough information available to know if catuaba is safe.


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Special Precautions & Warnings

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Not enough is known about the use of catuaba during pregnancy and breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.


The appropriate dose of catuaba depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for catuaba. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.

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Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.


Antunes, E., Gordo, W. M., de Oliveira, J. F., Teixeira, C. E., Hyslop, S., and De, Nucci G. The relaxation of isolated rabbit corpus cavernosum by the herbal medicine Catuama and its constituents. Phytother.Res. 2001;15(5):416-421. View abstract.

Baby, A. R., Maciel, C. P., Kaneko, T. M., and Velasco, M. V. UV spectrophotometric determination of bioflavonoids from a semisolid pharmaceutical dosage form containing Trichilia catigua Adr. Juss and Ptychopetalum olacoides Bentham standardized extract: analytical method validation and statistical procedures. J AOAC Int. 2006;89(6):1532-1537. View abstract.

Baby, A. R., Migliato, K. F., Maciel, C. P. M., Zague, V., de Oliveira Pinto, C. A. S., Salgado, H. R. N., Kaneko, T. M., and Velasco, M. V. R. Accelerated chemical stability data of o/w fluid emulsions containing the extract of

Barbosa, N. R., Fischmann, L., Talib, L. L., and Gattaz, W. F. Inhibition of platelet phospholipase A2 activity by catuaba extract suggests antiinflammatory properties. Phytother.Res. 2004;18(11):942-944. View abstract.

Beltrame, F. L., Filho, E. R., Barros, F. A., Cortez, D. A., and Cass, Q. B. A validated higher-performance liquid chromatography method for quantification of cinchonain Ib in bark and phytopharmaceuticals of Trichilia catigua used as Catuaba. J Chromatogr.A 6-30-2006;1119(1-2):257-263. View abstract.

Brighente, I. M. C., Dias, M., Verdi, L. G., and Pizzolatti, M. G. Antioxidant activity and total phenolic content of some Brazilian species. Pharm.Biol.(Netherlands) 2007;45(2):156-161.

Campos, M. M., Fernandes, E. S., Ferreira, J., Santos, A. R., and Calixto, J. B. Antidepressant-like effects of Trichilia catigua (Catuaba) extract: evidence for dopaminergic-mediated mechanisms. Psychopharmacology (Berl) 2005;182(1):45-53. View abstract.

Daolio, C., Beltrame, F. L., Ferreira, A. G., Cass, Q. B., Cortez, D. A., and Ferreira, M. M. Classification of commercial Catuaba samples by NMR, HPLC and chemometrics. Phytochem.Anal. 2008;19(3):218-228. View abstract.

de Mello, J. R. B., de Mello, F. B., and Langeloh, A. [Pre-clinic Toxicity of a Phytoterapic containing Anemopaegma mirandum, Cola nitida, Passiflora alata, Paullinia cupana, Ptychopetalum olacoides and Thiamin Chlorhydrate]. Lat.Amer.J.Pharm. 2010;29(1):57-63.

Glasl, S., Presser, A. M., Merner, I., Haslinger, E., and Jurenitsch, J. Tropane alkaloids from a Brazilian bark traded as "Catuaba". Scientia Pharmaceutica 2003;71(2):113-119.

Graf, E. and Lude, W. [Alkaloids from Erythroxylum vaccinifolium Martius,I: Isolation of catuabine A, B, and C (author's transl)]. Arch.Pharm.(Weinheim) 1977;310(12):1005-1010. View abstract.

Graf, E. and Lude, W. [Alkaloids from Erythroxylum vacciniifolium MARTIUS, II: The structures of catuabine A, B, and C (author's transl)]. Arch.Pharm.(Weinheim) 1978;311(2):139-152. View abstract.

Kletter, C., Glasl, S., Presser, A., Werner, I., Reznicek, G., Narantuya, S., Cellek, S., Haslinger, E., and Jurenitsch, J. Morphological, chemical and functional analysis of catuaba preparations. Planta Med. 2004;70(10):993-1000. View abstract.

Lagos, J. B., Miguel, O. G., and Duarte, M. R. [Anatomical characters of catuaba (

Mendes, F. R. and Carlini, E. A. Brazilian plants as possible adaptogens: an ethnopharmacological survey of books edited in Brazil. J Ethnopharmacol. 2-12-2007;109(3):493-500. View abstract.

Milot, B. Testing of Catuama: a Brazilian herbal energy product. HerbalGram 2005;Fall(68):22.

Oliveira, C. H., Moraes, M. E., Moraes, M. O., Bezerra, F. A., Abib, E., and De, Nucci G. Clinical toxicology study of an herbal medicinal extract of Paullinia cupana, Trichilia catigua, Ptychopetalum olacoides and Zingiber officinale (Catuama) in healthy volunteers. Phytother.Res. 2005;19(1):54-57. View abstract.

Pimentel Montanher, A. B., Pizzolatti, M. G., and Costa Brighente, I. M. An application of the brine shrimp bioassay for general screening of Brazilian medicinal plants. Acta Farm.Bonaerense 2002;21(3):175-178.

Pizzolatti, M. G., Venson, A. F., Smania, A., Jr., Smania, Ede F., and Braz-Filho, R. Two epimeric flavalignans from Trichilia catigua (Meliaceae) with antimicrobial activity. Z.Naturforsch.C. 2002;57(5-6):483-488. View abstract.

Pizzolatti, M. G., Verdi, L. G., Brighente, I. M., Madureira, L. A., and Braz, Filho R. Minor gamma-lactones from Trichilia catigua (Meliaceae) and its precursors by GC-MS. Nat.Prod.Res. 2004;18(5):433-438. View abstract.

Pontieri, V., Neto, A. S., de Franca Camargo, A. F., Koike, M. K., and Velasco, I. T. The herbal drug Catuama reverts and prevents ventricular fibrillation in the isolated rabbit heart. J Electrocardiol. 2007;40(6):534-538. View abstract.

Queiroz, E. F., Zanolari, B., Marston, A., Guilet, D., Burgener, L., Paulo, Mde Q., and Hostettmann, K. Two new tropane alkaloids from the bark of Erythroxylum vacciniifolium Mart. (Erythroxylaceae). Nat.Prod.Commun. 2009;4(10):1337-1340. View abstract.

Rolim, A., Maciel, C. P., Kaneko, T. M., Consiglieri, V. O., Salgado-Santos, I. M., and Velasco, M. V. Validation assay for total flavonoids, as rutin equivalents, from Trichilia catigua Adr. Juss (Meliaceae) and Ptychopetalum olacoides Bentham (Olacaceae) commercial extract. J AOAC Int. 2005;88(4):1015-1019. View abstract.

Rolim, A., Oishi, T., Maciel, C. P., Zague, V., Pinto, C. A., Kaneko, T. M., Consiglieri, V. O., and Velasco, M. V. Total flavonoids quantification from O/W emulsion with extract of Brazilian plants. Int.J Pharm. 2-3-2006;308(1-2):107-114. View abstract.

Tabanca, N., Pawar, R. S., Ferreira, D., Marais, J. P., Khan, S. I., Joshi, V., Wedge, D. E., and Khan, I. A. Flavan-3-ol-phenylpropanoid conjugates from Anemopaegma arvense and their antioxidant activities. Planta Med. 2007;73(10):1107-1111. View abstract.

Tang, W., Hioki, H., Harada, K., Kubo, M., and Fukuyama, Y. Antioxidant phenylpropanoid-substituted epicatechins from Trichilia catigua. J Nat.Prod. 2007;70(12):2010-2013. View abstract.

Uchino, T., Kawahara, N., Sekita, S., Satake, M., Saito, Y., Tokunaga, H., and Ando, M. Potent protecting effects of Catuaba (Anemopaegma mirandum) extracts against hydroperoxide-induced cytotoxicity. Toxicol.In Vitro 2004;18(3):255-263. View abstract.

Valverde, G. De Andrade, Madureira de, Oliveria D., Barreto, G., Bertolino, L. A., Saraceno, E., Capani, F., and Giraldez, L. D. Effects of the extract of Anemopaegma mirandum (Catuaba) on Rotenone-induced apoptosis in human neuroblastomas SH-SY5Y cells. Brain Res. 3-10-2008;1198:188-196. View abstract.

Zanolari, B., Guilet, D., Marston, A., Queiroz, E. F., Paulo, Mde Q., and Hostettmann, K. Methylpyrrole tropane alkaloids from the bark of Erythroxylum vacciniifolium. J Nat.Prod. 2005;68(8):1153-1158. View abstract.

Zanolari, B., Guilet, D., Marston, A., Queiroz, E. F., Paulo, Mde Q., and Hostettmann, K. Tropane alkaloids from the bark of Erythroxylum vacciniifolium. J Nat.Prod. 2003;66(4):497-502. View abstract.

Zanolari, B., Wolfender, J. L., Guilet, D., Marston, A., Queiroz, E. F., Paulo, M. Q., and Hostettmann, K. On-line identification of tropane alkaloids from Erythroxylum vacciniifolium by liquid chromatography-UV detection-multiple mass spectrometry and liquid chromatography-nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometry. J Chromatogr.A 12-5-2003;1020(1):75-89. View abstract.

Agri Res Svc: Dr. Duke's phytochemical and ethnobotanical databases. (Accessed 3 November 1999).

Manabe H, et al. Effects of Catuaba extracts on microbial and HIV infection. In Vivo 1992;6:161-5. View abstract.

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