Other Name(s):

Aches des Marais, Ajamoda, Ajmoda, Ajwan, Apii Frutus, Apio, Apium graveolens, Céleri, Celery Fruit, Celery Seed, Fruit de Celeri, Graine de Céleri, Karmauli, Persil des Marais, Qin Cai, Smallage, Selleriefruchte, Selleriesamen.


Celery is a plant. The fruit and seeds are dried or pressed into oil for use as medicine. Sometimes celery oil is marketed in capsule form. Some people also take celery juice as medicine. The ancient Greeks used celery to make wine, which was served as an award at athletic games.

Celery is used to treat joint pain (rheumatism), gout, hysteria, nervousness, headache, weight loss due to malnutrition, loss of appetite, and exhaustion. Celery is also to promote relaxation and sleep; to kill bacteria in the urinary tract; as a digestive aid and for regulating bowel movements; to start menstruation; to control intestinal gas (flatulence); to increase sexual desire; to reduce the flow of breast milk; for stimulating glands; treating menstrual discomfort; and for “blood purification.”

How does it work?

It is thought that the chemicals in celery act to cause sleepiness, increase urine to decrease fluid retention, decrease arthritis symptoms, decrease blood pressure, decrease blood sugar, decrease blood clotting, and muscle relaxation.


Next to red peppers, you can get the most vitamin C from ________________. See Answer

Uses & Effectiveness

Possibly Effective for...

  • Menstrual discomfort. Some clinical research shows the taking a specific product containing celery seed, anise, and saffron (SCA by Gol Daro Herbal Medicine Laboratory) for 3 days reduces pain severity and duration during the menstrual cycle.
  • Mosquito repellent. Some research shows that applying a gel containing 5% to 25% celery extract to the skin can repel mosquitos for up to 4.5 hours. Other research shows that applying a specific product (G10, E.A.R. Samunpri) containing celery extract 5%, along with vanillin, eucalyptus oil, orange oil, and citronella oil, repels mosquitos similarly to other commercial products, such as DEET 25% and Insect Block 28.

Insufficient Evidence to Rate Effectiveness for...

  • Muscle and joint aches and pains.
  • Gout.
  • Nervousness.
  • Headache.
  • Appetite stimulation.
  • Exhaustion.
  • Fluid retention.
  • Regulating bowel movements.
  • Use as a sleeping sedative.
  • Gas.
  • Stimulating menstruation.
  • Breast milk reduction.
  • Aiding digestion.
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of celery for these uses.

Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database rates effectiveness based on scientific evidence according to the following scale: Effective, Likely Effective, Possibly Effective, Possibly Ineffective, Likely Ineffective, and Insufficient Evidence to Rate (detailed description of each of the ratings).

Side Effects

Celery oil and celery seeds are LIKELY SAFE when taken by mouth in food amounts. Celery is POSSIBLY SAFE for most people when taken by mouth or applied to the skin in medicinal amounts for a short period of time. However, it may cause skin inflammation and sensitivity to the sun.


Vitamin D Deficiency: How Much Vitamin D Is Enough? See Slideshow

Special Precautions & Warnings

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Celery oil and celery seeds are LIKELY UNSAFE when taken by mouth in medicinal amounts during pregnancy. Large amounts of celery might make the uterus contract and cause a miscarriage. There is not enough reliable information about the safety of taking celery oil and seeds if you are breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.

Allergies: Celery can cause allergic reactions in people who are sensitive to certain other plants and spices including wild carrot, mugwort, birch, and dandelion. This has been called the “celery-carrot-mugwort-spice syndrome.”

Bleeding disorder: There is concern that celery might increase the risk of bleeding when used in medicinal amounts. Don't use celery if you have a bleeding disorder.

Kidney problems: Don't use celery in medicinal amounts if you have kidney problems. Celery might cause inflammation.

Low blood pressure: Celery in medicinal amounts might lower blood pressure. If your blood pressure is already low, taking celery might make it drop too much.

Surgery: Celery can affect the central nervous system. There is some concern that celery, in combination with anesthesia and other medications used during and after surgery might slow down the central nervous system too much. Stop using celery at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery.


Acetaminophen (Tylenol)Interaction Rating: Moderate Be cautious with this combination.Talk with your health provider.

Taking celery juice with acetaminophen prolongs the effects of acetaminophen. Celery may have this effect because of its effects on the liver. Taking celery juice with acetaminophen might increase the effects and side effects of acetaminophen.

LevothyroxineInteraction Rating: Moderate Be cautious with this combination.Talk with your health provider.

Levothyroxine is used for low thyroid function. Taking celery seed along with levothyroxine might decrease the effectiveness of levothyroxine. But it is not clear why this interaction might occur, or if it is a big concern.

Some brands that contain levothyroxine include Armour Thyroid, Eltroxin, Estre, Euthyrox, Levo-T, Levothroid, Levoxyl, Synthroid, Unithroid, and others.

LithiumInteraction Rating: Moderate Be cautious with this combination.Talk with your health provider.

Celery might have an effect like a water pill or "diuretic." Taking celery might decrease how well the body gets rid of lithium. This could increase how much lithium is in the body and result in serious side effects. Talk with your healthcare provider before using this product if you are taking lithium. Your lithium dose might need to be changed.

Medications changed by the liver (Cytochrome P450 1A2 (CYP1A2) substrates)Interaction Rating: Moderate Be cautious with this combination.Talk with your health provider.

Some medications are changed and broken down by the liver. Celery might decrease how quickly the liver breaks down some medications. Taking celery along with some medications that are broken down by the liver can increase the effects and side effects of some medications. Before taking celery talk to your healthcare provider if you take any medications that are changed by the liver.

Some medications that are changed by the liver include amitriptyline (Elavil), haloperidol (Haldol), ondansetron (Zofran), propranolol (Inderal), theophylline (Theo-Dur, others), verapamil (Calan, Isoptin, others), and others.

Medications for high blood pressure (Antihypertensive drugs)Interaction Rating: Moderate Be cautious with this combination.Talk with your health provider.

Celery might lower blood pressure. Using celery in medicinal amounts along with drugs that lower blood pressure might cause blood pressure to drop too much.

Some medications that lower blood pressure include captopril (Capoten), enalapril (Vasotec), losartan (Cozaar), valsartan (Diovan), diltiazem (Cardizem), amlodipine (Norvasc), hydrochlorothiazide (HydroDIURIL), furosemide (Lasix), and many others.

Medications that increase sensitivity to sunlight (Photosensitizing drugs)Interaction Rating: Moderate Be cautious with this combination.Talk with your health provider.

Some medications can increase sensitivity to sunlight. Celery might also increase your sensitivity to sunlight. Taking celery along with medications that increase sensitivity to sunlight could increase the chances of sunburn, blistering, or rashes on areas of skin exposed to sunlight. Be sure to wear sunblock and protective clothing when spending time in the sun.

Some drugs that cause photosensitivity include amitriptyline (Elavil), Ciprofloxacin (Cipro), norfloxacin (Noroxin), lomefloxacin (Maxaquin), ofloxacin (Floxin), levofloxacin (Levaquin), sparfloxacin (Zagam), gatifloxacin (Tequin), moxifloxacin (Avelox), trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (Septra), tetracycline, methoxsalen (8-methoxypsoralen, 8-MOP, Oxsoralen), and Trioxsalen (Trisoralen).

Medications that slow blood clotting (Anticoagulant / Antiplatelet drugs)Interaction Rating: Moderate Be cautious with this combination.Talk with your health provider.

Celery might slow blood clotting. Using celery in medicinal amounts with medications that slow clotting may increase the risk of bleeding.

Some of these drugs include aspirin, clopidogrel (Plavix), dalteparin (Fragmin), dipyridamole (Persantine), enoxaparin (Lovenox), heparin, ticlopidine (Ticlid), warfarin (Coumadin), and others.

Sedative medications (CNS depressants)Interaction Rating: Moderate Be cautious with this combination.Talk with your health provider.

Celery might cause sleepiness and drowsiness. Medications that cause sleepiness are called sedatives. Taking celery along with sedative medications might cause too much sleepiness.

Some sedative medications include clonazepam (Klonopin), lorazepam (Ativan), phenobarbital (Donnatal), zolpidem (Ambien), and others.

AminopyrineInteraction Rating: Minor Be cautious with this combination.Talk with your health provider.

Aminopyrine is removed from the body by the liver. Celery might decrease how quickly the liver breaks down and removes aminopyrine. Taking celery juice with aminopyrine might increase the effects and side effects of aminopyrine.


The following doses have been studied in scientific research:


  • For menstrual discomfort: 500 mg of a specific combination product containing saffron, celery seed, and anise extracts (SCA, Gol Daro Herbal Medicine Laboratory) taken three times a day for the first three days of menstruation.

FDA Logo

Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.


Ahmed, B., Alam, T., Varshney, M., and Khan, S. A. Hepatoprotective activity of two plants belonging to the Apiaceae and the Euphorbiaceae family. J Ethnopharmacol. 2002;79(3):313-316. View abstract.

Almeida-Muradian, L. B., Rios, M. D., and Sasaki, R. Determination of provitamin A of green leafy vegetables by high performance liquid chromatography and open column chromatography. Boll.Chim.Farm 1998;137(7):290-294. View abstract.

Atta, A. H. and Alkofahi, A. Anti-nociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects of some Jordanian medicinal plant extracts. J Ethnopharmacol 1998;60(2):117-124. View abstract.

Austad, J. and Kavli, G. Phototoxic dermatitis caused by celery infected by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. Contact Dermatitis 1983;9(6):448-451. View abstract.

Ballmer-Weber, B. K., Hoffmann, A., Wuthrich, B., Luttkopf, D., Pompei, C., Wangorsch, A., Kastner, M., and Vieths, S. Influence of food processing on the allergenicity of celery: DBPCFC with celery spice and cooked celery in patients with celery allergy. Allergy 2002;57(3):228-235. View abstract.

Beattie, P. E., Wilkie, M. J., Smith, G., Ferguson, J., and Ibbotson, S. H. Can dietary furanocoumarin ingestion enhance the erythemal response during high-dose UVA1 therapy? J Am.Acad.Dermatol. 2007;56(1):84-87. View abstract.

Beier, R. C. Natural pesticides and bioactive components in foods. Rev Environ Contam Toxicol. 1990;113:47-137. View abstract.

Beier, R. C., Ivie, G. W., Oertli, E. H., and Holt, D. L. HPLC analysis of linear furocoumarins (psoralens) in healthy celery (Apium graveolens). Food Chem.Toxicol. 1983;21(2):163-165. View abstract.

Belanger, J. T. Perillyl alcohol: applications in oncology. Altern Med Rev 1998;3(6):448-457. View abstract.

Berkley, S. F., Hightower, A. W., Beier, R. C., Fleming, D. W., Brokopp, C. D., Ivie, G. W., and Broome, C. V. Dermatitis in grocery workers associated with high natural concentrations of furanocoumarins in celery. Ann.Intern.Med. 1986;105(3):351-355. View abstract.

Bi, X. and Yang, K. L. On-line monitoring imidacloprid and thiacloprid in celery juice using quartz crystal microbalance. Anal.Chem. 1-15-2009;81(2):527-532. View abstract.

Bieleski, R. L. Sites of Accumulation in Excised Phloem and Vascular Tissues. Plant Physiol 1966;41(3):455-466. View abstract.

Bisessar, S. Effects of lime on nickel uptake and toxicity in celery grown on muck soil contaminated by a nickel refinery. Sci Total Environ. 1989;84:82-90. View abstract.

Bjeldanes, L. F. and Kim I-S. Sedative activity of celery oil constituents. Journal of Food Science 1978;43(1):143-144.

Blackburn, K., Cheng, F. Y., Williamson, J. D., and Goshe, M. B. Data-independent liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS(E)) detection and quantification of the secreted Apium graveolens pathogen defense protein mannitol dehydrogenase. Rapid Commun.Mass Spectrom. 4-15-2010;24(7):1009-1016. View abstract.

Bobovnikova, TsI, Alekseeva, L. B., Dibtseva, A. V., Chernik, G. V., Orlinsky, D. B., Priputina, I. V., and Pleskachevskaya, G. A. The influence of a capacitor plant in Serpukhov on vegetable contamination by polychlorinated biphenyls. Sci Total Environ. 1-31-2000;246(1):51-60. View abstract.

Boffa, M. J., Gilmour, E., and Ead, R. D. Celery soup causing severe phototoxicity during PUVA therapy. Br.J.Dermatol. 1996;135(2):334. View abstract.

Bonnin, J. P., Grezard, P., Colin, L., and Perrot, H. [A very significant case of allergy to celery cross-reacting with ragweed]. Allerg.Immunol.(Paris) 1995;27(3):91-93. View abstract.

Bonnin, J. P., Grezard, P., Colin, L., and Perrot, H. [A very significant case of allergy to celery]. Allerg.Immunol.(Paris) 1995;27(6):209. View abstract.

Borawska, M., Omieljaniuk, N., Rostkowski, J., Otlog, T., and Hamid, F. [Value of nitrates and nitrites in selected vegetables and potatoes sold in the marketplace of Bialystok in the years 1991-1992]. Rocz.Panstw.Zakl.Hig. 1994;45(1-2):89-96. View abstract.

Bourquin, L. D., Titgemeyer, E. C., and Fahey, G. C., Jr. Vegetable fiber fermentation by human fecal bacteria: cell wall polysaccharide disappearance and short-chain fatty acid production during in vitro fermentation and water-holding capacity of unfermented residues. J Nutr 1993;123(5):860-869. View abstract.

Braun, H. E. and Stanek, J. Application of the AOAC multi-residue method to determination of synthetic pyrethroid residues in celery and animal products. J Assoc.Off Anal.Chem. 1982;65(3):685-689. View abstract.

Bunzl, K., Trautmannsheimer, M., Schramel, P., and Reifenhauser, W. Availability of arsenic, copper, lead, thallium, and zinc to various vegetables grown in slag-contaminated soils. J Environ.Qual. 2001;30(3):934-939. View abstract.

Cao, J., Zhang, Y., Chen, W., and Zhao, X. The relationship between fasting plasma concentrations of selected flavonoids and their ordinary dietary intake. Br J Nutr 2010;103(2):249-255. View abstract.

Cavazzini, G., Ceccherini, R., Bolognesi, L., Brandi, A., and Rausa, G. [Yersinia enterocolitica: biotypes and serotypes isolated from horticultural products]. Boll.Ist.Sieroter.Milan 9-30-1983;62(4):317-322. View abstract.

Cavazzini, G., Ceccherini, R., Prati, L., and Rausa, G. [First isolation of Yersinia enterocolitica in several horticultural products intended usually to be consumed fresh]. Boll.Ist.Sieroter.Milan 1982;61(5):428-431. View abstract.

Chaiyasit, D., Choochote, W., Rattanachanpichai, E., Chaithong, U., Chaiwong, P., Jitpakdi, A., Tippawangkosol, P., Riyong, D., and Pitasawat, B. Essential oils as potential adulticides against two populations of Aedes aegypti, the laboratory and natural field strains, in Chiang Mai province, northern Thailand. Parasitol.Res 2006;99(6):715-721. View abstract.

Chapman, R. A. and Robinson, J. R. Simplified method for the determination of residues of carbofuran and its metabolites in crops using gas-liquid chromatography-mass fragmentography. J Chromatogr. 10-21-1977;140(3):209-218. View abstract.

Chen, B., Xu, D., Liu, G., and Liu, W. [Effects of metolachlor on biological activities in celery rhizophere and non-rhizosphere soil]. Ying.Yong.Sheng Tai Xue.Bao. 2006;17(5):925-928. View abstract.

Chen, C. Y., Peng, W. H., Tsai, K. D., and Hsu, S. L. Luteolin suppresses inflammation-associated gene expression by blocking NF-kappaB and AP-1 activation pathway in mouse alveolar macrophages. Life Sci 11-30-2007;81(23-24):1602-1614. View abstract.

Chen, D. and Dou, Q. P. Tea polyphenols and their roles in cancer prevention and chemotherapy. Int J Mol.Sci 2008;9(7):1196-1206. View abstract.

Chen, J., Chen, J., and Adams, M. J. A universal PCR primer to detect members of the Potyviridae and its use to examine the taxonomic status of several members of the family. Arch Virol. 2001;146(4):757-766. View abstract.

Chen, M. S., Chen, D., and Dou, Q. P. Inhibition of proteasome activity by various fruits and vegetables is associated with cancer cell death. In Vivo 2004;18(1):73-80. View abstract.

Ching, L. S. and Mohamed, S. Alpha-tocopherol content in 62 edible tropical plants. J.Agric.Food Chem. 2001;49(6):3101-3105. View abstract.

Choochote, W., Tuetun, B., Kanjanapothi, D., Rattanachanpichai, E., Chaithong, U., Chaiwong, P., Jitpakdi, A., Tippawangkosol, P., Riyong, D., and Pitasawat, B. Potential of crude seed extract of celery, Apium graveolens L., against the mosquito Aedes aegypti (L.) (Diptera: Culicidae). J Vector.Ecol. 2004;29(2):340-346. View abstract.

Christensen, L. P. and Brandt, K. Bioactive polyacetylenes in food plants of the Apiaceae family: occurrence, bioactivity and analysis. J Pharm.Biomed.Anal. 6-7-2006;41(3):683-693. View abstract.

Claus, R. and Hoppen, H. O. The boar-pheromone steroid identified in vegetables. Experientia 12-15-1979;35(12):1674-1675. View abstract.

Cui, H., Yang, Y., Bian, L., and He, M. [Effect of food composition of mixed food on glycemic index]. Wei Sheng Yan.Jiu. 1999;28(6):356-358. View abstract.

D'Amico, M., Frisullo, S., and Cirulli, M. Endophytic fungi occurring in fennel, lettuce, chicory, and celery--commercial crops in southern Italy. Mycol.Res 2008;112(Pt 1):100-107. View abstract.

Dai, J. L., Zhu, Y. G., Zhang, M., and Huang, Y. Z. Selecting iodine-enriched vegetables and the residual effect of iodate application to soil. Biol.Trace Elem.Res 2004;101(3):265-276. View abstract.

Daie, J. Interaction of Cell Turgor and Hormones on Sucrose Uptake in Isolated Phloem of Celery. Plant Physiol 1987;84(4):1033-1037. View abstract.

Darsow, U., Laifaoui, J., Kerschenlohr, K., Wollenberg, A., Przybilla, B., Wuthrich, B., Borelli S Jr, Giusti, F., Seidenari, S., Drzimalla, K., Simon, D., Disch, R., Borelli, S., Devillers, A. C., Oranje, A. P., De Raeve, L., Hachem, J. P., Dangoisse, C., Blondeel, A., Song, M., Breuer, K., Wulf, A., Werfel, T., Roul, S., Taieb, A., Bolhaar, S., Bruijnzeel-Koomen, C., Bronnimann, M., Braathen, L. R., Didierlaurent, A., Andre, C., and Ring, J. The prevalence of positive reactions in the atopy patch test with aeroallergens and food allergens in subjects with atopic eczema: a European multicenter study. Allergy 2004;59(12):1318-1325. View abstract.

Davide, R. G. Nematode problems affecting agriculture in the Philippines. J Nematol. 1988;20(2):214-218. View abstract.

Davis, J. M., Fellman, J. K., and Loescher, W. H. Biosynthesis of Sucrose and Mannitol as a Function of Leaf Age in Celery (Apium graveolens L.). Plant Physiol 1988;86(1):129-133. View abstract.

De, M., Krishna, De A., and Banerjee, A. B. Antimicrobial screening of some Indian spices. Phytother.Res. 1999;13(7):616-618. View abstract.

DeChamp, C., Michel, J., Deviller, P., and Perrin, L. F. [Anaphylactic shock to celery and sensitization to ragweed and mugwort. Crossed or concomitant allergy?]. Presse Med. 3-31-1984;13(14):871-874. View abstract.

DeLeo, V. A. Photocontact dermatitis. Dermatol Ther 2004;17(4):279-288. View abstract.

Denbesten, L., Connor, W. E., Kent, T. H., and Lin, D. Effect of cellulose in the diet on the recovery of dietary plant sterols from the feces. J Lipid Res 1970;11(4):341-345. View abstract.

Deschamps, P. [Nitrite and nitrate content of foods sampled during national food quality monitoring]. Ann.Nutr Aliment. 1980;34(5-6):901-908. View abstract.

Dhiraputra, C., Tiensasitorn, C., Techachaiwiwat, W., Jirapanakorn, N., Kachintorn, K., and Danchaivijitr, S. Bacterial contamination of vegetables served in hospitals. J Med Assoc.Thai. 2005;88 Suppl 10:S42-S48. View abstract.

Di Muccio, A., Fidente, P., Barbini, D. A., Dommarco, R., Seccia, S., and Morrica, P. Application of solid-phase extraction and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry to the determination of neonicotinoid pesticide residues in fruit and vegetables. J Chromatogr.A 3-3-2006;1108(1):1-6. View abstract.

Dinant, S., Clark, A. M., Zhu, Y., Vilaine, F., Palauqui, J. C., Kusiak, C., and Thompson, G. A. Diversity of the superfamily of phloem lectins (phloem protein 2) in angiosperms. Plant Physiol 2003;131(1):114-128. View abstract.

Divol, F., Vilaine, F., Thibivilliers, S., Kusiak, C., Sauge, M. H., and Dinant, S. Involvement of the xyloglucan endotransglycosylase/hydrolases encoded by celery XTH1 and Arabidopsis XTH33 in the phloem response to aphids. Plant Cell Environ. 2007;30(2):187-201. View abstract.

Dong, Y. H., Xu, J. L., Li, X. Z., and Zhang, L. H. AiiA, an enzyme that inactivates the acylhomoserine lactone quorum-sensing signal and attenuates the virulence of Erwinia carotovora. Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci U.S.A 3-28-2000;97(7):3526-3531. View abstract.

Dyer, J. H., Zheng, S., and Wang, X. Structural heterogeneity of phospholipase D in 10 dicots. Biochem.Biophys.Res Commun. 4-5-1996;221(1):31-36. View abstract.

Egan, C. L. and Sterling, G. Phytophotodermatitis: a visit to Margaritaville. Cutis 1993;51(1):41-42. View abstract.

Elgayyar, M., Draughon, F. A., Golden, D. A., and Mount, J. R. Antimicrobial activity of essential oils from plants against selected pathogenic and saprophytic microorganisms. J Food Prot. 2001;64(7):1019-1024. View abstract.

Eloesser, W. and Herrmann, K. [Flavonols and flavones of vegetables. V. Flavonols and flavones of root vegetables (author's transl)]. Z.Lebensm.Unters.Forsch. 12-16-1975;159(5):265-270. View abstract.

Erdmann, S. M., Sachs, B., Schmidt, A., Merk, H. F., Scheiner, O., Moll-Slodowy, S., Sauer, I., Kwiecien, R., Maderegger, B., and Hoffmann-Sommergruber, K. In vitro analysis of birch-pollen-associated food allergy by use of recombinant allergens in the basophil activation test. Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2005;136(3):230-238. View abstract.

ESAU, K. Phloem degeneration in celery infected with yellow leafroll virus of peach. Virology 1958;6(2):348-356. View abstract.

Everard, J. D., Cantini, C., Grumet, R., Plummer, J., and Loescher, W. H. Molecular cloning of mannose-6-phosphate reductase and its developmental expression in celery. Plant Physiol 1997;113(4):1427-1435. View abstract.

Everard, J. D., Franceschi, V. R., and Loescher, W. H. Mannose-6-Phosphate Reductase, a Key Enzyme in Photoassimilate Partitioning, Is Abundant and Located in the Cytosol of Photosynthetically Active Cells of Celery (Apium graveolens L.) Source Leaves. Plant Physiol 1993;102(2):345-356. View abstract.

Everard, J. D., Gucci, R., Kann, S. C., Flore, J. A., and Loescher, W. H. Gas Exchange and Carbon Partitioning in the Leaves of Celery (Apium graveolens L.) at Various Levels of Root Zone Salinity. Plant Physiol 1994;106(1):281-292. View abstract.

Evers, A. M., Ketoja, E., Hagg, M., Plaami, S., Hakkinen, U., and Pessala, R. Decreased nitrogen rates and irrigation effect on celery yield and internal quality. Plant Foods Hum.Nutr 1997;51(3):173-186. View abstract.

Fan, Y. J., Ohara, A., and Matsuhisa, T. [Test for urokinase-type plasminogen activator inhibitor of edible plants in vitro]. Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi.Xue.Za Zhi. 2004;38(4):252-256. View abstract.

Fischer, F. C. and Gijbels, M. J. cis- and trans-Neocnidilide; 1H- and 13C-NMR Data of Some Phthalides. Planta Med 1987;53(1):77-80. View abstract.

Fleming, D. Dermatitis in grocery workers associated with high natural concentrations of furanocoumarins in celery. Allergy Proc. 1990;11(3):125-127. View abstract.

Forsbeck, M. and Ros, A. M. Anaphylactoid reaction to celery. Contact Dermatitis 1979;5(3):191. View abstract.

Fox, T. C., Kennedy, R. A., and Loescher, W. H. Developmental Changes in Photosynthetic Gas Exchange in the Polyol-Synthesizing Species, Apium graveolens L. (Celery). Plant Physiol 1986;82(1):307-311. View abstract.

Frank, R., Braun, H. E., and Ripley, B. D. Residues of insecticides and fungicides on Ontario-grown vegetables, 1986-1988. Food Addit.Contam 1990;7(4):545-554. View abstract.

Fraser L and et al. Stalking hypertension. Health 1992;6(5):11.

Friedman, M., Henika, P. R., and Mandrell, R. E. Bactericidal activities of plant essential oils and some of their isolated constituents against Campylobacter jejuni, Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes, and Salmonella enterica. J Food Prot. 2002;65(10):1545-1560. View abstract.

Garcia JAV. The effect of phenolic antioxidant in hugh(sic) performance sports. Fitness & Performance Journal (Online Edition) 2002;1(4):21-27.

Garg, S. K., Saksena, S. K., and Chaudhury, R. R. Antifertility screening of plants. VI. Effect of five indigenous plants on early pregnancy in albino rats. Indian J Med Res 1970;58(9):1285-1289. View abstract.

Garg, S. K., Sharma, N. D., and Gupta, S. R. A New Dihydrofurocoumarin from Apium graveolens. Planta Med 1981;43(11):306-308. View abstract.

Gebhardt, Y., Witte, S., Forkmann, G., Lukacin, R., Matern, U., and Martens, S. Molecular evolution of flavonoid dioxygenases in the family Apiaceae. Phytochemistry 2005;66(11):1273-1284. View abstract.

Gomez Casati, D. F., Sesma, J. I., and Iglesias, A. A. Structural and kinetic characterization of NADP-dependent, non-phosphorylating glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase from celery leaves. Plant Sci 5-29-2000;154(2):107-115. View abstract.

Gorgus, E., Lohr, C., Raquet, N., Guth, S., and Schrenk, D. Limettin and furocoumarins in beverages containing citrus juices or extracts. Food Chem.Toxicol. 2010;48(1):93-98. View abstract.

Grande, M. J., Lucas, R., Valdivia, E., Abriouel, H., Maqueda, M., Omar, N. B., Martinez-Canamero, M., and Galvezi, A. Stability of enterocin AS-48 in fruit and vegetable juices. J Food Prot. 2005;68(10):2085-2094. View abstract.

Groenewald, M., Groenewald, J. Z., Braun, U., and Crous, P. W. Host range of Cercospora apii and C. beticola and description of C. apiicola, a novel species from celery. Mycologia. 2006;98(2):275-285. View abstract.

Groot, B. J., Belinfante-van Gelder, M. E., and Jans, H. W. [An epidemic of dermatitis caused by blanched celery]. Ned.Tijdschr.Geneeskd. 6-20-1992;136(25):1210-1213. View abstract.

Gzyl, J. Lead and cadmium contamination of soil and vegetables in the Upper Silesia region of Poland. Sci Total Environ. 1990;96(1-2):199-209. View abstract.

Halmepuro, L. and Lowenstein, H. Immunological investigation of possible structural similarities between pollen antigens and antigens in apple, carrot and celery tuber. Allergy 1985;40(4):264-272. View abstract.

Han, S. Y., Yang, M. L., Gai, J. Y., and Yu, D. Y. [Crude extraction and activity assay of CEL I]. Yi.Chuan 2006;28(9):1112-1116. View abstract.

Hancock, J. G. Changes in Cell Membrane Permeability in Sunflower Hypocotyls Infected with Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. Plant Physiol 1972;49(3):358-364. View abstract.

Hancock, R. D., McRae, D., Haupt, S., and Viola, R. Synthesis of L-ascorbic acid in the phloem. BMC.Plant Biol. 11-24-2003;3:7. View abstract.

Harapas, D., Premier, R., Tomkins, B., Franz, P., and Ajlouni, S. Persistence of Escherichia coli on injured vegetable plants. Int J Food Microbiol. 4-15-2010;138(3):232-237. View abstract.

Harris, C. A. How the variability issue was uncovered: the history of the UK residue variability findings. Food Addit.Contam 2000;17(7):491-495. View abstract.

Hartley, R. D. The lignin fraction of plant cell walls. Am.J Clin Nutr 1978;31(10 Suppl):S90-S93. View abstract.

Hashim, S., Aboobaker, V. S., Madhubala, R., Bhattacharya, R. K., and Rao, A. R. Modulatory effects of essential oils from spices on the formation of DNA adduct by aflatoxin B1 in vitro. Nutr.Cancer 1994;21(2):169-175. View abstract.

Haughan, P. A., Lenton, J. R., and Goad, L. J. Paclobutrazol inhibition of sterol biosynthesis in a cell suspension culture and evidence of an essential role for 24-ethylsterol in plant cell division. Biochem.Biophys.Res Commun. 7-31-1987;146(2):510-516. View abstract.

Held, J. L. Phytophotodermatitis. Am Fam.Physician 1989;39(4):143-146. View abstract.

Heyen, B. J., Alsheikh, M. K., Smith, E. A., Torvik, C. F., Seals, D. F., and Randall, S. K. The calcium-binding activity of a vacuole-associated, dehydrin-like protein is regulated by phosphorylation. Plant Physiol 2002;130(2):675-687. View abstract.

Ho, J. L., Shands, K. N., Friedland, G., Eckind, P., and Fraser, D. W. An outbreak of type 4b Listeria monocytogenes infection involving patients from eight Boston hospitals. Arch Intern.Med 1986;146(3):520-524. View abstract.

Hoerler, S. and Ukiwe, J. Laryngeal edema from celery allergic reaction. Am.J.Emerg.Med. 1992;10(6):613. View abstract.

Hong, C. L., Jia, Y. B., Yang, X. E., He, Z. L., and Stoffella, P. J. Assessing lead thresholds for phytotoxicity and potential dietary toxicity in selected vegetable crops. Bull Environ.Contam Toxicol. 2008;80(4):356-361. View abstract.

Hong, C. L., Weng, H. X., Yan, A. L., and Xie, L. L. [Characteristics of iodine uptake and accumulation by vegetables]. Ying.Yong.Sheng Tai Xue.Bao. 2007;18(10):2313-2318. View abstract.

Horwitz, W. and Wood, R. Relationship of (known) control values to (unknown) test values in proficiency studies of pesticide residues. J AOAC Int 2000;83(2):399-406. View abstract.

Hu, H., Penn, S. G., Lebrilla, C. B., and Brown, P. H. Isolation and characterization of soluble boron complexes in higher plants. The mechanism of phloem mobility of boron. Plant Physiol 1997;113(2):649-655. View abstract.

Hu, S. H., Wang, J. C., Kung, H. F., Wang, J. T., Lee, W. L., and Yang, Y. H. Antimicrobial effect of extracts of cruciferous vegetables. Kaohsiung.J Med Sci 2004;20(12):591-599. View abstract.

Huang, R. Q., Gao, S. F., Wang, W. L., Staunton, S., and Wang, G. Soil arsenic availability and the transfer of soil arsenic to crops in suburban areas in Fujian Province, southeast China. Sci Total Environ. 9-15-2006;368(2-3):531-541. View abstract.

Innocenti, G., Dall'Acqua, F., and Caporale, G. Investigations of the content of furocoumarins in Apium graveolens and in Petroselinum sativum. Planta Med 1976;29(2):165-170. View abstract.

Irvine, R. F., Letcher, A. J., and Dawson, R. M. Phosphatidylinositol phosphodiesterase in higher plants. Biochem.J 10-15-1980;192(1):279-283. View abstract.

Jacob, S. R. and Northcote, D. H. In vitro glucan synthesis by membranes of celery petioles: the role of the membrane in determining the type of linkage formed. J Cell Sci Suppl 1985;2:1-11. View abstract.

Jahangir, T. and Sultana, S. Perillyl Alcohol Protects Against Fe-NTA-Induced Nephrotoxicity and Early Tumor Promotional Events in Rat Experimental Model. Evid.Based Complement Alternat.Med 2007;4(4):439-445. View abstract.

Jang, S., Kelley, K. W., and Johnson, R. W. Luteolin reduces IL-6 production in microglia by inhibiting JNK phosphorylation and activation of AP-1. Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci U.S.A 5-27-2008;105(21):7534-7539. View abstract.

Jeanmougin, M., Varroud-Vial, C., and Dubertret, L. [Phototoxic side-effect following celery ingestion during puvatherapy]. Ann.Dermatol Venereol 2005;132(6-7 Pt 1):566-567. View abstract.

Jennings, D. B., Daub, M. E., Pharr, D. M., and Williamson, J. D. Constitutive expression of a celery mannitol dehydrogenase in tobacco enhances resistance to the mannitol-secreting fungal pathogen Alternaria alternata. Plant J 2002;32(1):41-49. View abstract.

Jiang, L. P., Lu, Y., Nie, B. M., and Chen, H. Z. Antiproliferative effect of panaxynol on RASMCs via inhibition of ERK1/2 and CREB. Chem.Biol.Interact. 2-15-2008;171(3):348-354. View abstract.

Jimenez-Monreal, A. M., Garcia-Diz, L., Martinez-Tome, M., Mariscal, M., and Murcia, M. A. Influence of cooking methods on antioxidant activity of vegetables. J Food Sci 2009;74(3):H97-H103. View abstract.

Johansson, S. G., Dannaeus, A., and Lilja, G. The relevance of anti-food antibodies for the diagnosis of food allergy. Ann.Allergy 1984;53(6 Pt 2):665-672. View abstract.

Ju, W., Wang, X., Shi, H., Chen, W., Belinsky, S. A., and Lin, Y. A critical role of luteolin-induced reactive oxygen species in blockage of tumor necrosis factor-activated nuclear factor-kappaB pathway and sensitization of apoptosis in lung cancer cells. Mol.Pharmacol. 2007;71(5):1381-1388. View abstract.

Juchaux-Cachau, M., Landouar-Arsivaud, L., Pichaut, J. P., Campion, C., Porcheron, B., Jeauffre, J., Noiraud-Romy, N., Simoneau, P., Maurousset, L., and Lemoine, R. Characterization of AgMaT2, a plasma membrane mannitol transporter from celery, expressed in phloem cells, including phloem parenchyma cells. Plant Physiol 2007;145(1):62-74. View abstract.

Kamble VA and et al. Spice derived essential oils: effective antifungal and possible therapeutic agents. Journal of Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants (J HERBS SPICES MEDICINAL PLANT) 2008;14(3-4):129-143.

Khoshkhatti, N., Habibi, Koohi M., and Mosahebi, G. Occurrence and distribution of Potato virus Y strain N (PVY(N)) on celery in Iran. Commun.Agric.Appl.Biol.Sci 2009;74(3):849-852. View abstract.

Kidd, J. M., III, Cohen, S. H., Sosman, A. J., and Fink, J. N. Food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1983;71(4):407-411. View abstract.

Kim, J. H., Jin, Y. R., Park, B. S., Kim, T. J., Kim, S. Y., Lim, Y., Hong, J. T., Yoo, H. S., and Yun, Y. P. Luteolin prevents PDGF-BB-induced proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells by inhibition of PDGF beta-receptor phosphorylation. Biochem.Pharmacol. 6-15-2005;69(12):1715-1721. View abstract.

Kim, J. S. and Jobin, C. The flavonoid luteolin prevents lipopolysaccharide-induced NF-kappaB signalling and gene expression by blocking IkappaB kinase activity in intestinal epithelial cells and bone-marrow derived dendritic cells. Immunology 2005;115(3):375-387. View abstract.

Kimura, Y., Kuroda, C., and Masuda, K. Differential nuclear envelope assembly at the end of mitosis in suspension-cultured Apium graveolens cells. Chromosoma 2010;119(2):195-204. View abstract.

Kitajima, J., Ishikawa, T., and Satoh, M. Polar constituents of celery seed. Phytochemistry 2003;64(5):1003-1011. View abstract.

Kitajima, S., Hasegawa, Y., and Sugimura, Y. Whole-mount silver staining of Arabidopsis and maize: a new method for staining secondary wall thickenings in tracheary elements. Biosci.Biotechnol.Biochem. 2004;68(12):2627-2629. View abstract.

Ko, F. N., Huang, T. F., and Teng, C. M. Vasodilatory action mechanisms of apigenin isolated from Apium graveolens in rat thoracic aorta. Biochim.Biophys.Acta 11-14-1991;1115(1):69-74. View abstract.

Ko, Y. T. and Lin, Y. L. 1,3-beta-glucan quantification by a fluorescence microassay and analysis of its distribution in foods. J Agric.Food Chem. 6-2-2004;52(11):3313-3318. View abstract.

Kominos, S. D., Copeland, C. E., Grosiak, B., and Postic, B. Introduction of Pseudomonas aeruginosa into a hospital via vegetables. Appl.Microbiol. 1972;24(4):567-570. View abstract.

Kosaka, M., Sekiguchi, S., Naito, J., Uemura, M., Kuwahara, S., Watanabe, M., Harada, N., and Hiroi, K. Synthesis of enantiopure phthalides including 3-butylphthalide, a fragrance component of celery oil, and determination of their absolute configurations. Chirality 5-5-2005;17(4):218-232. View abstract.

Kovatscheva, E. G. and Popova, J. G. [S-Methylmethionine content in plant and animal tissues and stability during storage]. Nahrung 1977;21(6):465-472. View abstract.

Krause, R. T. Liquid chromatographic-electrochemical determination of ethylenethiourea in foods by revised official method. J Assoc.Off Anal.Chem. 1989;72(6):975-979. View abstract.

Kung, A. C., Stephens, M. B., and Darling, T. Phytophotodermatitis: bulla formation and hyperpigmentation during spring break. Mil.Med 2009;174(6):657-661. View abstract.

Kurobayashi, Y., Katsumi, Y., Fujita, A., Morimitsu, Y., and Kubota, K. Flavor enhancement of chicken broth from boiled celery constituents. J Agric.Food Chem. 1-23-2008;56(2):512-516. View abstract.

Kurobayashi, Y., Kouno, E., Fujita, A., Morimitsu, Y., and Kubota, K. Potent odorants characterize the aroma quality of leaves and stalks in raw and boiled celery. Biosci.Biotechnol.Biochem. 2006;70(4):958-965. View abstract.

Larbat, R., Hehn, A., Hans, J., Schneider, S., Jugde, H., Schneider, B., Matern, U., and Bourgaud, F. Isolation and functional characterization of CYP71AJ4 encoding for the first P450 monooxygenase of angular furanocoumarin biosynthesis. J Biol.Chem. 2-20-2009;284(8):4776-4785. View abstract.

Laska, M., Bauer, V., and Salazar, L. T. Self-anointing behavior in free-ranging spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi) in Mexico. Primates. 2007;48(2):160-163. View abstract.

Lauter, F. R. Root-specific expression of the LeRse-1 gene in tomato is induced by exposure of the shoot to light. Mol.Gen.Genet. 10-28-1996;252(6):751-754. View abstract.

Leonti, M., Casu, L., Raduner, S., Cottiglia, F., Floris, C., Altmann, K. H., and Gertsch, J. Falcarinol is a covalent cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonist and induces pro-allergic effects in skin. Biochem.Pharmacol. 6-15-2010;79(12):1815-1826. View abstract.

Li, J., Lu, Y., Shim, H., Deng, X., Lian, J., Jia, Z., and Li, J. Use of the BCR sequential extraction procedure for the study of metal availability to plants. J Environ.Monit. 2010;12(2):466-471. View abstract.

Lim, do Y., Jeong, Y., Tyner, A. L., and Park, J. H. Induction of cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in HT-29 human colon cancer cells by the dietary compound luteolin. Am.J Physiol Gastrointest.Liver Physiol 2007;292(1):G66-G75. View abstract.

Lin, L. S., Yuen, H. K., and Varner, J. E. Differential scanning calorimetry of plant cell walls. Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci U.S.A 3-15-1991;88(6):2241-2243. View abstract.

Lin, L. Z., Lu, S., and Harnly, J. M. Detection and quantification of glycosylated flavonoid malonates in celery, Chinese celery, and celery seed by LC-DAD-ESI/MS. J Agric.Food Chem. 2-21-2007;55(4):1321-1326. View abstract.

Liu, C. N., Li, X. Q., and Gelvin, S. B. Multiple copies of virG enhance the transient transformation of celery, carrot and rice tissues by Agrobacterium tumefaciens. Plant Mol.Biol. 1992;20(6):1071-1087. View abstract.

Liu, Y., Murata, H., Chatterjee, A., and Chatterjee, A. K. Characterization of a novel regulatory gene aepA that controls extracellular enzyme production in the phytopathogenic bacterium Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora. Mol.Plant Microbe Interact. 1993;6(3):299-308. View abstract.

Ljunggren, B. Severe phototoxic burn following celery ingestion. Arch.Dermatol. 1990;126(10):1334-1336. View abstract.

Loescher, W. H., Tyson, R. H., Everard, J. D., Redgwell, R. J., and Bieleski, R. L. Mannitol Synthesis in Higher Plants : Evidence for the Role and Characterization of a NADPH-Dependent Mannose 6-Phosphate Reductase. Plant Physiol 1992;98(4):1396-1402. View abstract.

Lombaert, G. A., Siemens, K. H., Pellaers, P., Mankotia, M., and Ng, W. Furanocoumarins in celery and parsnips: method and multiyear Canadian survey. J AOAC Int 2001;84(4):1135-1143. View abstract.

Lopez, L., Romero, J., and Duarte, F. [Microbiological quality and effect of washing and disinfection of pre-cut Chilean vegetables]. Arch Latinoam.Nutr 2003;53(4):383-388. View abstract.

Lopez-Lazaro, M. Distribution and biological activities of the flavonoid luteolin. Mini.Rev.Med Chem 2009;9(1):31-59. View abstract.

Maczka, W. K. and Mironowicz, A. Biotransformation of isoprenoids and shikimic acid derivatives by a vegetable enzymatic system. Z.Naturforsch.C 2004;59(3-4):201-204. View abstract.

Maczka, W. K. and Mironowicz, A. Enantioselective hydrolysis of bromo- and methoxy-substituted 1-phenylethanol acetates using carrot and celeriac enzymatic systems. Z.Naturforsch.C 2007;62(5-6):397-402. View abstract.

Magrinya, N., Bou, R., Tres, A., Rius, N., Codony, R., and Guardiola, F. Effect of tocopherol extract, Staphylococcus carnosus culture, and celery concentrate addition on quality parameters of organic and conventional dry-cured sausages. J Agric.Food Chem. 10-14-2009;57(19):8963-8972. View abstract.

Maruyama, T., Abbaskhan, A., Choudhary, M. I., Tsuda, Y., Goda, Y., Farille, M., and Reduron, J. P. Botanical origin of Indian celery seed (fruit). J Nat.Med 2009;63(3):248-253. View abstract.

Maso, M. J., Ruszkowski, A. M., Bauerle, J., DeLeo, V. A., and Gasparro, F. P. Celery phytophotodermatitis in a chef. Arch.Dermatol. 1991;127(6):912-913. View abstract.

Matsumoto, N., Yoshikawa, M., Eda, K., Kobayashi, A., Yokoshima, M., Murakami, M., and Kanekita, H. [Simple preprocessing method for multi-determination of 235 pesticide residues in cooked ingredients of foods by GC/MS and LC/MS/MS]. Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi 2008;49(3):211-222. View abstract.

Meeran, S. M. and Katiyar, S. K. Cell cycle control as a basis for cancer chemoprevention through dietary agents. Front Biosci. 2008;13:2191-2202. View abstract.

Mencherini, T., Cau, A., Bianco, G., Della, Loggia R., Aquino, R. P., and Autore, G. An extract of Apium graveolens var. dulce leaves: structure of the major constituent, apiin, and its anti-inflammatory properties. J Pharm.Pharmacol. 2007;59(6):891-897. View abstract.

Miean, K. H. and Mohamed, S. Flavonoid (myricetin, quercetin, kaempferol, luteolin, and apigenin) content of edible tropical plants. J Agric.Food Chem. 2001;49(6):3106-3112. View abstract.

Momin, R. A. and Nair, M. G. Antioxidant, cyclooxygenase and topoisomerase inhibitory compounds from Apium graveolens Linn. seeds. Phytomedicine. 2002;9(4):312-318. View abstract.

Momin, R. A. and Nair, M. G. Mosquitocidal, nematicidal, and antifungal compounds from Apium graveolens L. seeds. J Agric.Food Chem. 2001;49(1):142-145. View abstract.

Momin, R. A., Ramsewak, R. S., and Nair, M. G. Bioactive compounds and 1,3-Di[(cis)-9-octadecenoyl]-2-[(cis,cis)-9, 12-octadecadienoyl]glycerol from Apium graveolens L. seeds. J.Agric.Food Chem. 2000;48(9):3785-3788. View abstract.

Moneret-Vautrin, D. A. and Kanny, G. [Food-induced anaphylaxis. A new French multicenter study]. Bull.Acad.Natl.Med 1995;179(1):161-184. View abstract.

Moneret-Vautrin, D. A. and Kanny, G. [Food-induced anaphylaxis. A new French multicenter survey]. Ann.Gastroenterol Hepatol (Paris) 1995;31(4):256-263. View abstract.

Montgomery, J. F., Oliver, R. E., and Poole, W. S. A vesiculo-bullous disease in pigs resembling foot and mouth disease. I. Field cases. N Z.Vet.J 1987;35(3):21-26. View abstract.

Morris, C. E., Monier, J., and Jacques, M. Methods for Observing Microbial Biofilms Directly on Leaf Surfaces and Recovering Them for Isolation of Culturable Microorganisms. Appl.Environ.Microbiol. 1997;63(4):1570-1576. View abstract.

Mukherjee, A., Cui, Y., Liu, Y., and Chatterjee, A. K. Molecular characterization and expression of the Erwinia carotovora hrpNEcc gene, which encodes an elicitor of the hypersensitive reaction. Mol.Plant Microbe Interact. 1997;10(4):462-471. View abstract.

Murata, H., Chatterjee, A., Liu, Y., and Chatterjee, A. K. Regulation of the production of extracellular pectinase, cellulase, and protease in the soft rot bacterium Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora: evidence that aepH of E. carotovora subsp. carotovora 71 activates gene expression in E. carotovora subsp. carotovora, E. carotovora subsp. atroseptica, and Escherichia coli. Appl.Environ.Microbiol. 1994;60(9):3150-3159. View abstract.

Murata, M. Staining air dried protoplasts for study of plant chromosomes. Stain Technol. 1983;58(2):101-106. View abstract.

Murphy, E. W., Marsh, A. C., and Willis, B. W. Nutrient content of spices and herbs. J Am.Diet.Assoc. 1978;72(2):174-176. View abstract.

Nabrzyski, M. and Gajewska, R. [The content of nitrates and nitrites in fruits, vegetables and other foodstuffs]. Rocz.Panstw.Zakl.Hig. 1994;45(3):167-180. View abstract.

Nabrzyski, M. and Gajewska, R. Aluminium determination in foods by using spectrophotometric oxine and flame AAS methods. Nahrung 1998;42(2):109-111. View abstract.

Nadwodnik, J. and Lohaus, G. Subcellular concentrations of sugar alcohols and sugars in relation to phloem translocation in Plantago major, Plantago maritima, Prunus persica, and Apium graveolens. Planta 2008;227(5):1079-1089. View abstract.

Ni, W. Z., Yang, X. E., and Long, X. X. Differences of cadmium absorption and accumulation in selected vegetable crops. J Environ.Sci (China) 2002;14(3):399-405. View abstract.

Ninfali, P. and Bacchiocca, M. Polyphenols and antioxidant capacity of vegetables under fresh and frozen conditions. J Agric.Food Chem. 4-9-2003;51(8):2222-2226. View abstract.

Nix A and Phillips A. Low sodium and heart healthy. Better Nutrition (BETTER NUTR) 2009;71(5):10.

No authors listed. Negative calories? Joe Weider's Muscle & Fitness 1992;53(7):26.

Noiraud, N., Delrot, S., and Lemoine, R. The sucrose transporter of celery. Identification and expression during salt stress. Plant Physiol 2000;122(4):1447-1455. View abstract.

Noiraud, N., Maurousset, L., and Lemoine, R. Identification of a mannitol transporter, AgMaT1, in celery phloem. Plant Cell 2001;13(3):695-705. View abstract.

Obana, H., Akutsu, K., Okihashi, M., and Hori, S. Multiresidue analysis of pesticides in vegetables and fruits using two-layered column with graphitized carbon and water absorbent polymer. Analyst 2001;126(9):1529-1534. View abstract.

Oleykowski, C. A., Bronson Mullins, C. R., Godwin, A. K., and Yeung, A. T. Mutation detection using a novel plant endonuclease. Nucleic Acids Res 10-15-1998;26(20):4597-4602. View abstract.

Orilio, A. F., Dusi, A. N., Madeira, N. R., and Inoue-Nagata, A. K. Characterization of a member of a new Potyvirus species infecting arracacha in Brazil. Arch Virol. 2009;154(2):181-185. View abstract.

Ostertag, E., Becker, T., Ammon, J., Bauer-Aymanns, H., and Schrenk, D. Effects of storage conditions on furocoumarin levels in intact, chopped, or homogenized parsnips. J Agric.Food Chem. 4-24-2002;50(9):2565-2570. View abstract.

Owolabi, A. T. and Proll, E. A mosaic disease of Senna hirsuta induced by a potyvirus in Nigeria. Acta Virol. 2001;45(2):73-79. View abstract.

Pang, G. F., Chao, Y. Z., Fan, C. L., Zhang, J. J., Li, X. M., and Zhao, T. S. Modification of AOAC multiresidue method for determination of synthetic pyrethroid residues in fruits, vegetables, and grains. Part I: Acetonitrile extraction system and optimization of florisil cleanup and gas chromatography. J AOAC Int 1995;78(6):1481-1488. View abstract.

Pang, G. F., Fan, C. L., Liu, Y. M., Cao, Y. Z., Zhang, J. J., Li, X. M., Li, Z. Y., Wu, Y. P., and Guo, T. T. Determination of residues of 446 pesticides in fruits and vegetables by three-cartridge solid-phase extraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. J AOAC Int 2006;89(3):740-771. View abstract.

Parkin, E. T. and Rolph, C. E. Modulation of phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis in celery by exogenous fatty acids. Phytochemistry 1999;50(1):47-51. View abstract.

Pavlickova, J., Zbiral, J., Smatanova, M., Habarta, P., Houserova, P., and Kuban, V. Uptake of thallium from naturally-contaminated soils into vegetables. Food Addit.Contam 2006;23(5):484-491. View abstract.

Peng, Y., Xing, C., Lemere, C. A., Chen, G., Wang, L., Feng, Y., and Wang, X. l-3-n-Butylphthalide ameliorates beta-amyloid-induced neuronal toxicity in cultured neuronal cells. Neurosci.Lett. 3-28-2008;434(2):224-229. View abstract.

Penn, S. G., Hu, H., Brown, P. H., and Lebrilla, C. B. Direct analysis of sugar alcohol borate complexes in plant extracts by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization fourier transform mass spectrometry. Anal.Chem. 7-1-1997;69(13):2471-2477. View abstract.

Peterson, S., Lampe, J. W., Bammler, T. K., Gross-Steinmeyer, K., and Eaton, D. L. Apiaceous vegetable constituents inhibit human cytochrome P-450 1A2 (hCYP1A2) activity and hCYP1A2-mediated mutagenicity of aflatoxin B1. Food Chem.Toxicol. 2006;44(9):1474-1484. View abstract.

Pimkin, M., Caretti, E., Canutescu, A., Yeung, J. B., Cohn, H., Chen, Y., Oleykowski, C., Bellacosa, A., and Yeung, A. T. Recombinant nucleases CEL I from celery and SP I from spinach for mutation detection. BMC.Biotechnol. 2007;7:29. View abstract.

Pompi, V., Galli, M., Leandri, A., and Forchielli, L. Effectiveness and residues of procymidone applied on celery and fennel in the control of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (Lib.) de Bary. Commun.Agric.Appl.Biol.Sci 2005;70(4):1059-1066. View abstract.

Popovic, M., Kaurinovic, B., Trivic, S., Mimica-Dukic, N., and Bursac, M. Effect of celery (Apium graveolens) extracts on some biochemical parameters of oxidative stress in mice treated with carbon tetrachloride. Phytother.Res 2006;20(7):531-537. View abstract.

Prata, R., Williamson, J. D., Conkling, M. A., and Pharr, D. M. Sugar Repression of Mannitol Dehydrogenase Activity in Celery Cells. Plant Physiol 1997;114(1):307-314. View abstract.

Pressman, E., Huberman, M., Aloni, B., and Jaffe, M. J. Pithiness in plants: I. The effect of mechanical perturbation and the involvement of ethylene in petiole pithiness in celery. Plant Cell Physiol 1984;25(6):891-897. View abstract.

Puig, L. and de Moragas, J. M. Enhancement of PUVA phototoxic effects following celery ingestion: cool broth also can burn. Arch.Dermatol. 1994;130(6):809-810. View abstract.

Quarles, R. H. and Dawson, R. M. The distribution of phospholipase D in developing and mature plants. Biochem.J 1969;112(5):787-794. View abstract.

Quiroz-Santiago, C., Rodas-Suarez, O. R., Carlos, R., V, Fernandez, F. J., Quinones-Ramirez, E. I., and Vazquez-Salinas, C. Prevalence of Salmonella in vegetables from Mexico. J Food Prot. 2009;72(6):1279-1282. View abstract.

Raghu, A., Eadie, T., and Llewellyn, G. C. Evaluation of potential for aflatoxin occurrence on celery, cauliflower, lettuce, and taro root inoculated with Aspergillus flavus and A. parasiticus. J Assoc.Off Anal.Chem. 1978;61(4):998-1001. View abstract.

Rani, P. and Khullar, N. Antimicrobial evaluation of some medicinal plants for their anti-enteric potential against multi-drug resistant Salmonella typhi. Phytother.Res 2004;18(8):670-673. View abstract.

Ravishankar, S., Zhu, L., Reyna-Granados, J., Law, B., Joens, L., and Friedman, M. Carvacrol and cinnamaldehyde inactivate antibiotic-resistant Salmonella enterica in buffer and on celery and oysters. J Food Prot. 2010;73(2):234-240. View abstract.

Robertson, N. L. Identification and characterization of a new virus in the genus Potyvirus from wild populations of Angelica lucida L. and A. genuflexa Nutt., family Apiaceae. Arch Virol. 2007;152(9):1603-1611. View abstract.

RODIGHIERO, G. and ALLEGRI, G. [Research on the bergaptene content of celery and parsley.]. Farmaco Sci 1959;14:727-733. View abstract.

Rosas, I., Baez, A., and Coutino, M. Bacteriological quality of crops irrigated with wastewater in the Xochimilco plots, Mexico City, Mexico. Appl.Environ.Microbiol. 1984;47(5):1074-1079. View abstract.

Rose, M. H. and Altman, L. C. Anaphylaxis after ingestion of raw celery. Ann.Allergy 1985;54(2):166. View abstract.

Roszczenko, A., Rogalska, J., Potapczuk, L., and Kleczynska, A. [Influence of thermal processing and storage on the content of nitrates and nitrites in chosen vegetables from the Podlasie province]. Przegl.Lek. 2001;58 Suppl 7:30-34. View abstract.

Rude, R. A., Jackson, G. J., Bier, J. W., Sawyer, T. K., and Risty, N. G. Survey of fresh vegetables for nematodes, amoebae, and Salmonella. J Assoc.Off Anal.Chem. 1984;67(3):613-615. View abstract.

Rueff, F., Eberlein-Konig, B., and Przybilla, B. Oral hyposensitization with celery juice. Allergy 2001;56(1):82-83. View abstract.

Ruhl, I. and Herrmann, K. [Organic acids in vegetables. I. Brassica, leaf and bulb vegetables as well as carrots and celery]. Z.Lebensm.Unters.Forsch. 1985;180(3):215-220. View abstract.

Rumpho, M. E., Edwards, G. E., and Loescher, W. H. A Pathway for Photosynthetic Carbon Flow to Mannitol in Celery Leaves : Activity and Localization of Key Enzymes. Plant Physiol 1983;73(4):869-873. View abstract.

Rzezutka, A., Nichols, R. A., Connelly, L., Kaupke, A., Kozyra, I., Cook, N., Birrell, S., and Smith, H. V. Cryptosporidium oocysts on fresh produce from areas of high livestock production in Poland. Int J Food Microbiol. 4-30-2010;139(1-2):96-101. View abstract.

Saleh, M. M., Zwaving, J. H., Malingre, T. M., and Bos, R. The essential oil of Apium graveolens var. secalinum and its cercaricidal activity. Pharm.Weekbl.Sci 12-13-1985;7(6):277-279. View abstract.

Salvucci, M. E., Werneke, J. M., Ogren, W. L., and Portis, A. R. Purification and Species Distribution of Rubisco Activase. Plant Physiol 1987;84(3):930-936. View abstract.

Sausenthaler, S., Koletzko, S., Schaaf, B., Lehmann, I., Borte, M., Herbarth, O., von Berg, A., Wichmann, H. E., and Heinrich, J. Maternal diet during pregnancy in relation to eczema and allergic sensitization in the offspring at 2 y of age. Am J Clin Nutr 2007;85(2):530-537. View abstract.


Scherb, J., Kreissl, J., Haupt, S., and Schieberle, P. Quantitation of S-methylmethionine in raw vegetables and green malt by a stable isotope dilution assay using LC-MS/MS: comparison with dimethyl sulfide formation after heat treatment. J Agric.Food Chem. 10-14-2009;57(19):9091-9096. View abstract.

Scheurer, S., Son, D. Y., Boehm, M., Karamloo, F., Franke, S., Hoffmann, A., Haustein, D., and Vieths, S. Cross-reactivity and epitope analysis of Pru a 1, the major cherry allergen. Mol.Immunol 1999;36(3):155-167. View abstract.

Scheurer, S., Wangorsch, A., Haustein, D., and Vieths, S. Cloning of the minor allergen Api g 4 profilin from celery (Apium graveolens) and its cross-reactivity with birch pollen profilin Bet v 2. Clin.Exp.Allergy 2000;30(7):962-971. View abstract.

Schlatter, J., Zimmerli, B., Dick, R., Panizzon, R., and Schlatter, C. Dietary intake and risk assessment of phototoxic furocoumarins in humans. Food Chem.Toxicol. 1991;29(8):523-530. View abstract.

Schwab, A. H., Harpestad, A. D., Swartzentruber, A., Lanier, J. M., Wentz, B. A., Duran, A. P., Barnard, R. J., and Read, R. B., Jr. Microbiological quality of some spices and herbs in retail markets. Appl Environ.Microbiol. 1982;44(3):627-630. View abstract.

Scoccianti, V., Crinelli, R., Tirillini, B., Mancinelli, V., and Speranza, A. Uptake and toxicity of Cr(III) in celery seedlings. Chemosphere 2006;64(10):1695-1703. View abstract.

Sheng, J. P., Liu, C., and Shen, L. [Comparative study of minerals and some nutrients in organic celery and traditional celery]. Guang.Pu.Xue.Yu Guang.Pu.Fen.Xi. 2009;29(1):247-249. View abstract.

Silverstein, S. R., Frommer, D. A., Dobozin, B., and Rosen, P. Celery-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis. J.Emerg.Med. 1986;4(3):195-199. View abstract.

Singh, A. and Handa, S. S. Hepatoprotective activity of Apium graveolens and Hygrophila auriculata against paracetamol and thioacetamide intoxication in rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 12-15-1995;49(3):119-126. View abstract.

Somerset, S. M. and Johannot, L. Dietary flavonoid sources in Australian adults. Nutr Cancer 2008;60(4):442-449. View abstract.

Song, G. Q., Sink, K. C., Ma, Y., Herlache, T., Hancock, J. F., and Loescher, W. H. A novel mannose-based selection system for plant transformation using celery mannose-6-phosphate reductase gene. Plant Cell Rep. 2010;29(2):163-172. View abstract.

Staessen, J. A., Lauwerys, R. R., Ide, G., Roels, H. A., Vyncke, G., and Amery, A. Renal function and historical environmental cadmium pollution from zinc smelters. Lancet 6-18-1994;343(8912):1523-1527. View abstract.

Stoop, J. and Pharr, D. M. Effect of Different Carbon Sources on Relative Growth Rate, Internal Carbohydrates, and Mannitol 1-Oxidoreductase Activity in Celery Suspension Cultures. Plant Physiol 1993;103(3):1001-1008. View abstract.

Stoop, J. and Pharr, D. M. Mannitol Metabolism in Celery Stressed by Excess Macronutrients. Plant Physiol 1994;106(2):503-511. View abstract.

Stoop, J. M. and Pharr, D. M. Partial purification and characterization of mannitol: mannose 1-oxidoreductase from celeriac (Apium graveolens var. rapaceum) roots. Arch Biochem.Biophys. 11-1-1992;298(2):612-619. View abstract.

Stoop, J. M., Williamson, J. D., Conkling, M. A., and Pharr, D. M. Purification of NAD-dependent mannitol dehydrogenase from celery suspension cultures. Plant Physiol 1995;108(3):1219-1225. View abstract.

Stuart, D. A. and McCall, C. M. Induction of Somatic Embryogenesis Using Side Chain and Ring Modified Forms of Phenoxy Acid Growth Regulators. Plant Physiol 1992;99(1):111-118. View abstract.

Sultana, S., Ahmed, S., Jahangir, T., and Sharma, S. Inhibitory effect of celery seeds extract on chemically induced hepatocarcinogenesis: modulation of cell proliferation, metabolism and altered hepatic foci development. Cancer Lett. 4-18-2005;221(1):11-20. View abstract.

Taylor, R., Inamine, G., and Anderson, J. D. Tissue Printing as a Tool for Observing Immunological and Protein Profiles in Young and Mature Celery Petioles. Plant Physiol 1993;102(3):1027-1031. View abstract.

Thimm, J. C., Burritt, D. J., Ducker, W. A., and Melton, L. D. Celery (Apium graveolens L.) parenchyma cell walls examined by atomic force microscopy: effect of dehydration on cellulose microfibrils. Planta 2000;212(1):25-32. View abstract.

Thimm, J. C., Burritt, D. J., Sims, I. M., Newman, R. H., Ducker, W. A., and Melton, L. D. Celery (Apium graveolens) parenchyma cell walls: cell walls with minimal xyloglucan. Physiol Plant 2002;116(2):164-171. View abstract.

Thunberg, R. L., Tran, T. T., Bennett, R. W., Matthews, R. N., and Belay, N. Microbial evaluation of selected fresh produce obtained at retail markets. J Food Prot. 2002;65(4):677-682. View abstract.

Till, B. J., Burtner, C., Comai, L., and Henikoff, S. Mismatch cleavage by single-strand specific nucleases. Nucleic Acids Res 2004;32(8):2632-2641. View abstract.

Townshend, J. L. and Wolynetz, M. S. Penetration of Celery and Alfalfa Roots by Pratylenchus penetrans as Affected by Temperature. J Nematol. 1991;23(2):194-197. View abstract.

Townshend, J. L. Morphological Observations of Pratylenchus penetrans from Celery and Strawberry in Southern Ontario. J Nematol. 1991;23(2):205-209. View abstract.

Trumble, J. T., Dercks, W., Quiros, C. F., and Beier, R. C. Host plant resistance and linear furanocoumarin content of Apium accessions. J Econ.Entomol. 1990;83(2):519-525. View abstract.

Tsi, D. and Tan, B. K. Effects of celery extract and 3-N-butylphthalide on lipid levels in genetically hypercholesterolaemic (RICO) rats. Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol 1996;23(3):214-217. View abstract.

Tsi, D. and Tan, B. K. The mechanism underlying the hypocholesterolaemic activity of aqueous celery extract, its butanol and aqueous fractions in genetically hypercholesterolaemic RICO rats. Life Sci 1-14-2000;66(8):755-767. View abstract.

Tsi, D., Das, N. P., and Tan, B. K. Effects of aqueous celery (Apium graveolens) extract on lipid parameters of rats fed a high fat diet. Planta Med 1995;61(1):18-21. View abstract.

Tuetun, B., Choochote, W., Kanjanapothi, D., Rattanachanpichai, E., Chaithong, U., Chaiwong, P., Jitpakdi, A., Tippawangkosol, P., Riyong, D., and Pitasawat, B. Repellent properties of celery, Apium graveolens L., compared with commercial repellents, against mosquitoes under laboratory and field conditions. Trop.Med Int Health 2005;10(11):1190-1198. View abstract.

Tuetun, B., Choochote, W., Pongpaibul, Y., Junkum, A., Kanjanapothi, D., Chaithong, U., Jitpakdi, A., Riyong, D., and Pitasawat, B. Celery-based topical repellents as a potential natural alternative for personal protection against mosquitoes. Parasitol.Res 2008;104(1):107-115. View abstract.

Tuetun, B., Choochote, W., Pongpaibul, Y., Junkum, A., Kanjanapothi, D., Chaithong, U., Jitpakdi, A., Riyong, D., Wannasan, A., and Pitasawat, B. Field evaluation of G10, a celery (Apium graveolens)-based topical repellent, against mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in Chiang Mai province, northern Thailand. Parasitol.Res 2009;104(3):515-521. View abstract.

Tuetun, B., Choochote, W., Rattanachanpichai, E., Chaithong, U., Jitpakdi, A., Tippawangkosol, P., Riyong, D., and Pitasawat, B. Mosquito repellency of the seeds of celery (Apium graveolens L.). Ann.Trop.Med.Parasitol. 2004;98(4):407-417. View abstract.

Uecker, S., Jira, T., and Beyrich, T. [The production of furocumarin in Apium graveolens L. and Pastinaca sativa L. after infection with Sclerotinia slcerotiorum]. Pharmazie 1991;46(8):599-601. View abstract.

van den Broek, H. H., Hermes, G. B., and Goewie, C. E. Determination of fentin residues in potatoes and celery. Analyst 1988;113(8):1237-1239. View abstract.

Vian, B., Mueller, S., and Brown, R. M., Jr. A freeze-etching and replication study of wall deposition in elongating plant cells. Cytobios 1978;22(85):7-15. View abstract.

Villanueva-Suarez, M. J., Redondo-Cuenca, A., Rodriguez-Sevilla, M. D., and las Heras, Martinez M. Characterization of nonstarch polysaccharides content from different edible organs of some vegetables, determined by GC and HPLC: comparative study. J Agric.Food Chem. 9-24-2003;51(20):5950-5955. View abstract.

Wang, L., Sterling, B., and Don, P. Berloque dermatitis induced by "Florida water". Cutis 2002;70(1):29-30. View abstract.

Wang, X. P., Shan, X. Q., Zhang, S. Z., and Wen, B. A model for evaluation of the phytoavailability of trace elements to vegetables under the field conditions. Chemosphere 2004;55(6):811-822. View abstract.

Warner, R. D., Carr, R. W., McCleskey, F. K., Johnson, P. C., Elmer, L. M., and Davison, V. E. A large nontypical outbreak of Norwalk virus. Gastroenteritis associated with exposing celery to nonpotable water and with Citrobacter freundii. Arch.Intern.Med. 1991;151(12):2419-2424. View abstract.

Warriner, K., Kolstad, J., Rumsby, P., and Waites, W. M. Carton sterilization by u.v.-C excimer laser light: recovery of Bacillus subtilis spores on vegetable extracts and food simulation matrices. J Appl.Microbiol. 2002;92(6):1051-1057. View abstract.

Watt, K., Christofi, N., and Young, R. The detection of antibacterial actions of whole herb tinctures using luminescent Escherichia coli. Phytother.Res. 2007;21(12):1193-1199. View abstract.

Wawrzyniak, A., Gronowska-Senger, A., and Majchrzak, D. [Values of nitrates and nitrites in selected vegetables given to hospitalized children]. Rocz.Panstw.Zakl.Hig. 1993;44(4):317-323. View abstract.

Weber, I. C., Davis, C. P., and Greeson, D. M. Phytophotodermatitis: the other "lime" disease. J Emerg.Med 1999;17(2):235-237. View abstract.

Wei, A. and Shibamoto, T. Antioxidant activities and volatile constituents of various essential oils. J Agric.Food Chem. 3-7-2007;55(5):1737-1742. View abstract.

Whitcomb, R. F., Jensen, D. D., and Richardson, J. The infection of leafhoppers by western X-disease virus. I. Frequency of transmission after injection or acquisition feeding. Virology 1966;28(3):448-453. View abstract.

WILCOX, E. B. and GALLOWAY, L. S. Ascorbic acid and carotene in fresh and stored celery. J Am.Diet.Assoc. 1951;27(11):965-967. View abstract.

Williamson, J. D., Stoop, J. M., Massel, M. O., Conkling, M. A., and Pharr, D. M. Sequence analysis of a mannitol dehydrogenase cDNA from plants reveals a function for the pathogenesis-related protein ELI3. Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci U.S.A 8-1-1995;92(16):7148-7152. View abstract.

Wilson, I. B., Zeleny, R., Kolarich, D., Staudacher, E., Stroop, C. J., Kamerling, J. P., and Altmann, F. Analysis of Asn-linked glycans from vegetable foodstuffs: widespread occurrence of Lewis a, core alpha1,3-linked fucose and xylose substitutions. Glycobiology 2001;11(4):261-274. View abstract.

Woods, J. A., Jewell, C., and O'Brien, N. M. Sedanolide, a natural phthalide from celery seed oil: effect on hydrogen peroxide and tert-butyl hydroperoxide-induced toxicity in HepG2 and CaCo-2 human cell lines. In Vitr.Mol.Toxicol. 2001;14(3):233-240. View abstract.

Wu, C. M., Koehler, P. E., and Ayres, J. C. Isolation and identification of xanthotoxin (8-methoxypsoralen) and bergapten (5-methoxypsoralen) from celery infected with Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. Appl.Microbiol. 1972;23(5):852-856. View abstract.

Wu, S. F., Wu, L. H., Yin, Y. M., Yang, S. D., and Chen, X. Y. [Effects of DMPP-compound fertilizer on greenhouse celery growth and nutritional quality]. Ying.Yong.Sheng Tai Xue.Bao. 2007;18(2):383-388. View abstract.

Wuthrich, B., Borga, A., and Yman, L. Oral allergy syndrome to a jackfruit (Artocarpus integrifolia). Allergy 1997;52(4):428-431. View abstract.

Wysocki, C. J., Dorries, K. M., and Beauchamp, G. K. Ability to perceive androstenone can be acquired by ostensibly anosmic people. Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci U.S.A 1989;86(20):7976-7978. View abstract.

Yagar, H. Some biochemical properties of polyphenol oxidase from celery. Prep.Biochem.Biotechnol. 2004;34(4):387-397. View abstract.

Yamamoto, Y. T., Zamski, E., Williamson, J. D., Conkling, M. A., and Pharr, D. M. Subcellular localization of celery mannitol dehydrogenase. A cytosolic metabolic enzyme in nuclei. Plant Physiol 1997;115(4):1397-1403. View abstract.

Yamanaka, R., Akther, R., Furuta, M., Koyama, R., Tomofuji, T., Ekuni, D., Tamaki, N., Azuma, T., Yamamoto, T., and Kishimoto, E. Relation of dietary preference to bite force and occlusal contact area in Japanese children. J Oral Rehabil. 2009;36(8):584-591. View abstract.

Yang, B., Wen, X., Kodali, N. S., Oleykowski, C. A., Miller, C. G., Kulinski, J., Besack, D., Yeung, J. A., Kowalski, D., and Yeung, A. T. Purification, cloning, and characterization of the CEL I nuclease. Biochemistry 4-4-2000;39(13):3533-3541. View abstract.

Yang, X. and Quiros, C. F. Construction of a genetic linkage map in celery using DNA-based markers. Genome 1995;38(1):36-44. View abstract.

Yang, X. E., Long, X. X., Ni, W. Z., Ye, Z. Q., He, Z. L., Stoffella, P. J., and Calvert, D. V. Assessing copper thresholds for phytotoxicity and potential dietary toxicity in selected vegetable crops. J Environ.Sci Health B 2002;37(6):625-635. View abstract.

Yeh, C. T. and Yen, G. C. Effect of vegetables on human phenolsulfotransferases in relation to their antioxidant activity and total phenolics. Free Radic.Res 2005;39(8):893-904. View abstract.

Yi, H. and Crowley, D. E. Biostimulation of PAH degradation with plants containing high concentrations of linoleic acid. Environ.Sci Technol. 6-15-2007;41(12):4382-4388. View abstract.

Yildiz, L., Baskan, K. S., Tutem, E., and Apak, R. Combined HPLC-CUPRAC (cupric ion reducing antioxidant capacity) assay of parsley, celery leaves, and nettle. Talanta 10-19-2008;77(1):304-313. View abstract.

Yokoigawa, K., Takikawa, A., Okubo, Y., and Umesako, S. Acid tolerance and gad mRNA levels of Escherichia coli O157:H7 grown in foods. Int J Food Microbiol. 5-15-2003;82(3):203-211. View abstract.

Young, J. F., Christensen, L. P., Theil, P. K., and Oksbjerg, N. The polyacetylenes falcarinol and falcarindiol affect stress responses in myotube cultures in a biphasic manner. Dose.Response 2008;6(3):239-251. View abstract.

Zalewski, W., Oprzadek, K., Syrocka, K., Lipinska, J., and Jaroszynska, J. [Value of harmful elements in fruit and vegetables grown in the province of Siedlce]. Rocz.Panstw.Zakl.Hig. 1994;45(1-2):19-26. View abstract.

Zalewski, W., Syrocka, K., and Oprzadek, K. [Determination of elements hazardous to health in vegetables grown in the Siedlece district]. Rocz.Panstw.Zakl.Hig. 1989;40(1):16-20. View abstract.

Zamski, E., Guo, W. W., Yamamoto, Y. T., Pharr, D. M., and Williamson, J. D. Analysis of celery (Apium graveolens) mannitol dehydrogenase (Mtd) promoter regulation in Arabidopsis suggests roles for MTD in key environmental and metabolic responses. Plant Mol.Biol. 2001;47(5):621-631. View abstract.

Zamski, E., Yamamoto, Y. T., Williamson, J. D., Conkling, M. A., and Pharr, D. M. Immunolocalization of mannitol dehydrogenase in celery plants and cells. Plant Physiol 1996;112(3):931-938. View abstract.

Zhang, J. T. New drugs derived from medicinal plants. Therapie 2002;57(2):137-150. View abstract.

Zhang, J., Zhao, W., Pan, J., Qiu, L., and Zhu, Y. Tissue-dependent distribution and accumulation of chlorobenzenes by vegetables in urban area. Environ.Int 2005;31(6):855-860. View abstract.

Zheng, G. Q., Kenney, P. M., Zhang, J., and Lam, L. K. Chemoprevention of benzo[a]pyrene-induced forestomach cancer in mice by natural phthalides from celery seed oil. Nutr Cancer 1993;19(1):77-86. View abstract.

Zhong, W., Hu, C., and Wang, M. Nitrate and nitrite in vegetables from north China: content and intake. Food Addit.Contam 2002;19(12):1125-1129. View abstract.

Zhou, H., Shiku, H., Kasai, S., Noda, H., Matsue, T., Ohya-Nishiguchi, H., and Kamada, H. Mapping peroxidase in plant tissues by scanning electrochemical microscopy. Bioelectrochemistry. 2001;54(2):151-156. View abstract.

Zhou, K., Wu, B., Zhuang, Y., Ding, L., Liu, Z., and Qiu, F. [Chemical constituents of fresh celery]. Zhongguo Zhong.Yao Za Zhi. 2009;34(12):1512-1515. View abstract.

Zhou, K., Zhao, F., Liu, Z., Zhuang, Y., Chen, L., and Qiu, F. Triterpenoids and flavonoids from celery (Apium graveolens). J Nat.Prod. 2009;72(9):1563-1567. View abstract.

Zhou, Y., Taylor, B., Smith, T. J., Liu, Z. P., Clench, M., Davies, N. W., and Rainsford, K. D. A novel compound from celery seed with a bactericidal effect against Helicobacter pylori. J Pharm.Pharmacol. 2009;61(8):1067-1077. View abstract.

Zhu, G. and Jensen, R. G. Xylulose 1,5-Bisphosphate Synthesized by Ribulose 1,5-Bisphosphate Carboxylase/Oxygenase during Catalysis Binds to Decarbamylated Enzyme. Plant Physiol 1991;97(4):1348-1353. View abstract.

Zidorn, C., Johrer, K., Ganzera, M., Schubert, B., Sigmund, E. M., Mader, J., Greil, R., Ellmerer, E. P., and Stuppner, H. Polyacetylenes from the Apiaceae vegetables carrot, celery, fennel, parsley, and parsnip and their cytotoxic activities. J Agric.Food Chem. 4-6-2005;53(7):2518-2523. View abstract.

Ziyan, L., Yongmei, Z., Nan, Z., Ning, T., and Baolin, L. Evaluation of the anti-inflammatory activity of luteolin in experimental animal models. Planta Med 2007;73(3):221-226. View abstract.

Bauer L, Ebner C, Hirschwehr R, et al. IgE cross-reactivity between birch pollen, mugwort pollen, and celery is due to three distinct cross-reacting allergens: immunoblot investigation of the birch-mugwort-celery syndrome. Clin Exp Allergy 1996;26:1161-70. View abstract.

Chu YF, Sun J, Wu X, Liu RH. Antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of common vegetables. J Agric Food Chem 2002;50:6910-6. View abstract.

Ciganda C, and Laborde A. Herbal infusions used for induced abortion. J Toxicol.Clin Toxicol. 2003;41:235-239. View abstract.

Electronic Code of Federal Regulations. Title 21. Part 182 -- Substances Generally Recognized As Safe. Available at: https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/cfdocs/cfcfr/CFRSearch.cfm?CFRPart=182

Fetrow CW, Avila JR. Professional's Handbook of Complementary & Alternative Medicines. 1st ed. Springhouse, PA: Springhouse Corp., 1999.

Gral N, Beani JC, Bonnot D, et al. [Plasma levels of psoralens after celery ingestion]. Ann Dermatol Venereol 1993;120:599-603. View abstract.

Heck AM, DeWitt BA, Lukes AL. Potential interactions between alternative therapies and warfarin. Am J Health Syst Pharm 2000;57:1221-7. View abstract.

Jakovljevic, V., Raskovic, A., Popovic, M., and Sabo, J. The effect of celery and parsley juices on pharmacodynamic activity of drugs involving cytochrome P450 in their metabolism. Eur.J Drug Metab Pharmacokinet. 2002;27(3):153-156. View abstract.

Khater, H. F. and Khater, D. F. The insecticidal activity of four medicinal plants against the blowfly Lucilia sericata (Diptera: Calliphoridae). Int J Dermatol. 2009;48(5):492-497. View abstract.

Moses, G. Thyroxine interacts with celery seed tablets? Australian Prescriber 2001;24:6-7.

Murch SJ, Simmons CB, Saxena PK. Melatonin in feverfew and other medicinal plants. Lancet 1997;350:1598-9. View abstract.

Nahid K, Fariborz M, Ataolah G, Solokian S. The effect of an Iranian herbal drug on primary dysmenorrhea: a clinical controlled trial. J Midwifery Womens Health 2009;54:401-4. View abstract.

Pitasawat B, Champakaew D, Choochote W, et al. Aromatic plant-derived essential oil: an alternative larvicide for mosquito control. Fitoterapia 2007;78:205-10. View abstract.

Schamschula, R. G., Sugar, E., Un, P. S., Duppenthaler, J. L., Toth, K., and Barmes, D. E. Aluminium, calcium and magnesium content of Hungarian foods and dietary intakes by children aged 3.9 and 14 years. Acta Physiol Hung 1988;72(2):237-251. View abstract.

Slattery ML, Benson J, Curtin K, et al. Carotenoids and colon cancer. Am J Clin Nutr 2000;71:575-82. View abstract.

Health Solutions From Our Sponsors