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Celiac Disease: Gluten Free Diet (cont.)

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Non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS)

Non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) has also been referred to as gluten sensitivity, gluten hypersensitivity, and non-celiac gluten intolerance. The precise number of people who have this is unknown. The symptoms associated with this are diarrhea, bloating, flatulence (gas), abdominal discomfort or pain, fatigue, lethargy, headaches, "foggy mind," fatigue, depression, and/or skin rash. One study also found that people with this also exhibited glossitis, muscle cramps, leg numbness, bone or joint pain, osteoporosis, and unexplained anemia. There is no specific test to diagnose this which makes it a controversial diagnosis. The diagnosis requires that celiac disease and a wheat allergy are ruled out as possibilities. When the removal of gluten from the diet alleviates the symptoms this is considered the diagnosis.

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) can be a frustrating and debilitating diagnosis when there is no specific cause or treatment. Recent research has shown improvements in pain, gas, bloating, and diarrhea with or without constipation following a gluten-free diet in some types of IBS. One study showed that 60% of diarrhea predominant IBS patients following a gluten-free diet returned to normal stool frequency and a decrease in gastrointestinal symptoms. The only way to know for sure if you are gluten sensitive with IBS is to follow a gluten-free diet and see if your symptoms dissipate.


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