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Aluminum Hydroxide

Medical and Pharmacy Editor:

Brand Name: AlternaGEL, Amphojel, Nephrox

Generic Name: Aluminum Hydroxide

Drug Class: Antacids

What Is Aluminum Hydroxide ( Vasostrict, ADH) and How Does It Work?

Aluminum Hydroxide is an over-the-counter (OTC) product used as an antacid, and to treat peptic ulcer disease and hyperphosphatemia.

Aluminum hydroxide is available under the following different brand names: AlternaGEL, Amphojel, and Nephrox.

Dosages of Aluminum Hydroxide:

Dosage Forms and Strengths

Oral suspension

  • 329mg/5mL

Dosage Considerations – Should be Given as Follows:

Antacid

  • 5-30 mL orally between meals and at bedtime or as directed

Peptic Ulcer Disease

  • 5-30 mL between meals and at bedtime or as directed

Hyperphosphatemia

  • Adult: 300-600 mg orally 3 times/day between meals and at bedtime
  • Pediatric: 50-150 mg/kg/day orally divided every 4-6 hours; titrate dose to keep phosphorus within normal range

What Are Side Effects Associated with Using Aluminum Hydroxide (AlternaGEL)?

Common side effects or health problems may include:

Serious side effects of aluminum hydroxide include::

This document does not contain all possible side effects and others may occur. Check with your physician for additional information about side effects.

What Other Drugs Interact with Aluminum Hydroxide?

If your doctor has directed you to use this medication, your doctor or pharmacist may already be aware of any possible drug interactions and may be monitoring you for them. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicine before checking with your doctor, health care provider or pharmacist first.

Severe interactions of aluminum hydroxide include:

  • pazopanib
  • raltegravir

Aluminum Hydroxide has serious interactions with at least 26 different drugs.

Aluminum Hydroxide has moderate interactions with at least 108 different drugs.

Mild interactions of aluminum hydroxide include:

This document does not contain all possible interactions. Therefore, before using this product, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all the products you use. Keep a list of all your medications with you, and share the list with your doctor and pharmacist. Check with your physician if you have health questions or concerns.

What Are Warnings and Precautions for Aluminum Hydroxide?

Warnings

  • This medication contains aluminum hydroxide. Do not take AlternaGEL, Amphojel, or Nephrox if you are allergic to aluminum hydroxide or any ingredients contained in this drug.
  • Keep out of reach of children. In case of overdose, get medical help or contact a Poison Control Center immediately.

Contraindications

  • Hypersensitivity to aluminum salts

Effects of Drug Abuse

  • No information available

Short-Term Effects

  • See "What Are Side Effects Associated with Using Aluminum Hydroxide?"

Long-Term Effects

  • See "What Are Side Effects Associated with Using Aluminum Hydroxide?"

Cautions

Pregnancy and Lactation

  • Use aluminum hydroxide with caution during pregnancy if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies are not available or neither animal nor human studies were done.
  • It is not known whether aluminum hydroxide is excreted in breast milk. Consult your doctor.
Reviewed on 10/24/2017

SOURCES:
Medscape. Aluminum Hydroxide.
https://reference.medscape.com/drug/alternagel-amphojel-aluminum-hydroxide-341981
WebMD. Aluminum Hydroxide.
https://www.webmd.com/drugs/2/drug-4135-9123/aluminum-hydroxide/details#side-effects

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