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Chlorthalidone

Medical and Pharmacy Editor:

Brand Name: Hygroton, Thalitone, Chlorthalid

Generic Name: Chlorthalidone

Drug Class:Diuretics, Thiazide

What Is Chlorthalidone and How Does It Work?

Chlorthalidone is a prescription drug used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). Lowering high blood pressure helps prevent strokes, heart attacks, and kidney problems. It is also used to reduce extra salt and water in the body caused by conditions such as heart failure, liver disease, and kidney disease. Decreasing extra salt and water in the body helps to decrease swelling (edema) and breathing problems caused by fluid in the lungs. Chlorthalidone is a "water pill" (diuretic). It increases the amount of urine you make, especially when you first start the medication. It also helps to relax the blood vessels so that blood can flow more easily.

Chlorthalidone is available under the following different brand names: Hygroton, Thalitone, and Chlorthalid.

Dosages of Chlorthalidone:

Tablet

  • 15 mg
  • 25 mg
  • 50 mg
  • 100 mg

Dosage Considerations – Should be Given as Follows:

Hypertension

Adult and Geriatric:

  • 25-100 mg/day orally; usual range, 12.5-25 mg/day

Pediatric (off-label):

  • 0.3 mg/kg/day orally initially, may be increased to 2 mg/kg/day; not to exceed 50 mg per day

Edema

Adult and Geriatric:

  • 50-100 mg/day orally or 100 mg orally every other day; not to exceed 200 mg/day

Diuresis

Geriatric:

  • 12.5-25 mg/day orally or 12.5-25 mg orally every other day; dosages greater than 25 mg/day offer only minimal advantage

Dosing Considerations

Administered in the morning with food

Overdose management

Dosing Modifications

Renal impairment

  • Creatinine clearance under 10 ml/min: ineffective, do not use
  • Creatinine clearance over 10 ml/min: dose adjustment not necessary

Geriatric:

What Are Side Effects Associated with Using Chlorthalidone?

Side effects of chlorthalidone include:

Rare side effects of Chlorthalidone include:

This document does not contain all possible side effects and others may occur. Check with your physician for additional information about side effects.

What Other Drugs Interact with Chlorthalidone?

If your doctor has directed you to use this medication, your doctor or pharmacist may already be aware of any possible drug interactions and may be monitoring you for them. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicine before checking with your doctor, health care provider or pharmacist first.

Chlorthalidone has no known severe interactions with other drugs.

Serious interactions of chlorthalidone include:

  • aminolevulinic acid
  • amisulpride
  • cisapride
  • isocarboxazid
  • methyl aminolevulinate
  • squill
  • tretinoin
  • tretinoin topical

Chlorthalidone has moderate interactions with at least 154 different drugs.

Chlorthalidone has minor interactions with at least 147 different drugs.

This information does not contain all possible interactions or adverse effects. Therefore, before using this product, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all the products you use. Keep a list of all your medications with you, and share this information with your doctor and pharmacist. Check with your health care professional or doctor for additional medical advice, or if you have health questions, concerns or for more information about this medicine.

What Are Warnings and Precautions for Chlorthalidone?

Warnings

  • This medication contains chlorthalidone. Do not take Hygroton, Thalitone, or Chlorthalid if you are allergic to chlorthalidone or any ingredients contained in this drug.

Keep out of reach of children. In case of overdose, get medical help or contact a Poison Control Center immediately.

Contraindications

  • Documented hypersensitivity to chlorthalidone or sulfonamides
  • Failure of the kidneys to produce urine (anuria)

Effects of Drug Abuse

  • No information available

Short-Term Effects

  • See "What Are Side Effects Associated with Using Chlorthalidone?"

Long-Term Effects

  • See "What Are Side Effects Associated with Using Chlorthalidone?"

Cautions

Pregnancy and Lactation

  • Chlorthalidone use during pregnancy may be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk, but human studies are not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies are done and showed no risk.
  • Expert analysis suggests use of chlorthalidone only in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug is available. There is positive evidence of human fetal risk. Possible hazards include fetal or neonatal jaundice, thrombocytopenia, and other adverse reactions that have occurred in adults.
  • Chlorthalidone enters breast milk; it is not recommended when breastfeeding. The American Academy of Pediatrics states that chlorthalidone is compatible with breastfeeding.
Reviewed on 5/18/2017

Medscape. Chlorthalidone.
https://reference.medscape.com/drug/hygroton-thalitone-chlorthalidone-342410
RxList. Thalitone Side Effects Center.
https://www.rxlist.com/thalitone-drug/side-effects-interactions.htm

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