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Chromium

Medical and Pharmacy Editor:

Brand Name: Chromium 3, Chromium Picolinate, Glucose Tolerance Factor, Trivalent Chromium

Generic Name: chromium

Drug Class: Sports Medicine, Supplements; Trace Elements/Metals

What Is Chromium and How Does It Work?

Chromium is a trace mineral that can be used for weight loss, type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol, athletic performance enhancement, persistent depressive disorder, high blood glucose (hyperglycemia), low blood glucose (hypoglycemia) (reactive), low HDL cholesterol (beta-blocker related) and as a muscle mass builder.

Chromium is possibly effective in lowering blood lipids and maintaining glycemic control.

Chromium is likely ineffective for weight loss.

Chromium is available under the following different brand names: Chromium 3, Chromium Picolinate, Glucose Tolerance Factor, and Trivalent Chromium.

Dosages of Chromium:

Adult dosages:

  • Males (14-50 years old): 35 mcg daily
  • Males (over 50 years old): 30 mcg daily
  • Females (19-50 years old): 25 mcg daily
  • Females (over 50 years old): 20 mcg daily
  • Pregnant: 30 mcg daily
  • Lactating: 45 mcg daily

Pediatric dosages:

  • Infants 0-6 months old: 0.2 mcg daily
  • Infants 7-12 months old: 5.5 mcg daily
  • Children 1-3 years old: 11 mcg daily
  • Children 4-8 years old: 15 mcg daily
  • Children 9-13 years old – female: 21 mcg daily
  • Children 9-13 years old – male: 25 mcg daily
  • Children 14-18 years old – female: 21 mcg daily

Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2

  • 200-1000 mcg orally in divided doses

Beta Blocker-Related low HDL Cholesterol

  • 200 mcg orally three times daily

Hyperglycemia, Corticosteroid-Induced

  • 200 mcg orally three times daily or, 400 mcg orally daily

Hypoglycemia, Prevention

  • 200 mcg orally daily

Dysthymic Disorder

  • 200 mcg orally daily or twice daily

Dosage Considerations – Should be Given as Follows:

See "Dosages"

What Are Side Effects Associated with Using Chromium?

Side effects associated with use of Chromium, include the following:

Rare side effects of Chromium include:

This document does not contain all possible side effects and others may occur. Check with your physician for additional information about side effects.

What Other Drugs Interact with Chromium?

If your medical doctor is using this medicine to treat your pain, your doctor or pharmacist may already be aware of any possible drug interactions and may be monitoring you for them. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicine before checking with your doctor, health care provider or pharmacist first.

Chromium has no known severe interactions with other drugs.

Chromium has no known serious interactions with other drugs.

Moderate Interactions of Chromium include:

  • insulin degludec
  • insulin degludec/insulin aspart
  • insulin inhaled

Chromium has mild interactions with at least 45 different drugs.

This information does not contain all possible interactions or adverse effects. Therefore, before using this product, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all the products you use. Keep a list of all your medications with you, and share this information with your doctor and pharmacist. Check with your health care professional or doctor for additional medical advice, or if you have health questions, concerns or for more information about this medicine.

What Are Warnings and Precautions for Chromium?

Warnings

  • Psychiatric or behavioral disorders possible with high dosages
  • This medication contains chromium. Do not take Chromium 3, Chromium Picolinate, Glucose Tolerance Factor or Trivalent Chromium if you are allergic to chromium or any ingredients contained in this drug
  • Keep out of reach of children. In case of overdose, get medical help or contact a Poison Control Center immediately

Contraindications

Effects of Drug Abuse

  • No information provided

Short-Term Effects

  • See "What Are Side Effects Associated with Using Chromium?"

Long-Term Effects

  • Chromate allergy, leather contact allergy, impaired kidney (renal) function, and breastfeeding (high dose)
  • See "What Are Side Effects Associated with Using Chromium?"

Cautions

  • Psychiatric or behavioral disorders possible with high dosages

Pregnancy and Lactation

  • Use chromium during pregnancy with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies are not available, or neither animal nor human studies were done
  • It is unknown if chromium is excreted in milk, therefore use with caution when breastfeeding
Reviewed on 4/20/2017


SOURCE:
Medscape. Chromium.
https://reference.medscape.com/drug/chromium-3-chromium-picolinate-344436#0
RxList. Chromium. Side Effects Center.
https://www.rxlist.com/chromium/supplements.htm

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