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Fluphenazine

Brand Name: Modecate, Modecate Concentrate, Moditen, Prolixin, RhoFluphenazine

Generic Name: Fluphenazine

Drug Class: Antipsychotics, 1st Generation; Antipsychotics, Phenothiazine

What Is Fluphenazine Used For?

Fluphenazine is a phenothiazine, also called a neuroleptic, used to treat symptoms of a certain type of mental/mood condition (schizophrenia).

Fluphenazine is available under the following different brand names: Modecate, Modecate Concentrate, Moditen, Prolixin (discontinued brand), and RhoFluphenazine.

Dosages of Fluphenazine

Dosage Forms and Strengths

Tablet

  • 1 mg
  • 2.5 mg
  • 5 mg
  • 10 mg

Elixir

  • 2.5mg/5mL

Oral concentrate

  • 5mg/mL

Injectable solution

  • 2.5mg/mL (fluphenazine hydrochloride)
  • 25mg/mL (fluphenazine decanoate)

Dosage Considerations – Should be Given as Follows:

Psychotic Disorders

Fluphenazine hydrochloride

  • 2.5-10 mg/day orally divided every 6-8 hours initially; maintenance: 1-5 mg orally/intramuscularly divided every 6-8 hours; not to exceed 40 mg/day

Fluphenazine decanoate

  • 12.5-25 mg (25 mg/mL) intramuscularly/subcutaneously (IM/SC) every 2-4 weeks

Dosing considerations

  • Conversion from hydrochloride salt to decanoate: 10 mg/day orally HCl salt = approximately 12.5 mg intramuscularly/subcutaneously (IM/SC) every 3 weeks of decanoate salt

Dosing Modifications

Renal impairment: Use with caution; monitor

Hepatic impairment: Use with caution; monitor

Pediatric: Safety and efficacy not established

Geriatric: 1-2.5 mg/day orally; dosage titrated according to response

SLIDESHOW

Schizophrenia: Symptoms, Types, Causes, Treatment See Slideshow

What Are Side Effects Associated with Using Fluphenazine?

Side effects of fluphenazine include:

Common side effects of fluphenazine include:

Less common side effects of fluphenazine include:

Rare side effects of fluphenazine include:

Serious side effects of fluphenazine include:

  • Mask-like facial expression
  • Greatly increased saliva
  • Tremors
  • Unusual mental/mood changes (such as depression, worsening of psychosis)
  • Confusion
  • Unusual dreams
  • Frequent urination or difficulty urinating
  • Vision problems
  • Weight changes
  • Swelling of the feet or ankles
  • Fainting
  • Skin discoloration
  • Butterfly-shaped facial rash
  • Joint pain
  • Seizures

This document does not contain all possible side effects and others may occur. Check with your physician for additional information about side effects.

What Other Drugs Interact with Fluphenazine?

If your doctor has directed you to use this medication, your doctor or pharmacist may already be aware of any possible drug interactions and may be monitoring you for them. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicine before checking with your doctor, health care provider or pharmacist first.

Severe interactions of fluphenazine include: 

  • astemizole
  • cisapride
  • disopyramide
  • ibutilide
  • indapamide
  • metrizamide
  • pentamidine
  • pimozide
  • procainamide
  • quinidine
  • sotalol
  • terfenadine

 Fluphenazine has serious interactions with at least 76 different drugs.

Fluphenazine has moderate interactions with at least 285 different drugs.

Fluphenazine has mild interactions with at least 63 different drugs.

This document does not contain all possible interactions. Therefore, before using this product, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all the products you use. Keep a list of all your medications with you, and share the list with your doctor and pharmacist. Check with your physician if you have health questions or concerns.

 This document does not contain all possible interactions. Therefore, before using this product, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all the products you use. Keep a list of all your medications with you, and share the list with your doctor and pharmacist. Check with your physician if you have health questions or concerns.

QUESTION

Schizophrenia is the most disabling mental illness. See Answer

What Are Warnings and Precautions for Fluphenazine?

Warnings

Patients with dementia-related psychosis who are treated with antipsychotic drugs are at increased risk for death, as shown in short-term controlled trials; deaths in these trials appeared to be either cardiovascular (e.g., heart failure, sudden death) or infectious (e.g., pneumonia) in nature.

This drug is not approved for treatment of patients with dementia-related psychosis.

This medication contains fluphenazine. Do not take Modecate, Modecate Concentrate, Moditen, Prolixin, or RhoFluphenazine if you are allergic to fluphenazine or any ingredients contained in this drug.

Keep out of reach of children. In case of overdose, get medical help or contact a Poison Control Center immediately.

Contraindications

Documented hypersensitivity

Coma, severe hypotension, severe central nervous system (CNS) depression, concurrent use of large amounts of central nervous system (CNS) depressants, subcortical brain damage, poorly controlled seizure disorder, blood dyscrasias, severe cardiovascular disease

Narrow-angle glaucoma

Lactation

Effects of Drug Abuse

  • No information available

Short-Term Effects

  • See "What Are Side Effects Associated with Using Fluphenazine?"

Long-Term Effects

  • See "What Are Side Effects Associated with Using Fluphenazine?"

Cautions

Glaucoma, prostatic hypertrophy, stenosing peptic ulcer disease (PUD), history of neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS), Parkinson's disease, low blood calcium (hypocalcemia), renal or hepatic impairment, history of severe reaction to insulin or electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), history of seizures, asthma, respiratory tract infections, cardiovascular disease.

Mild leukocytosis, leukopenia, and eosinophilia occasionally occur.

Dermatologic reactions are common.

Watch for urinary retention, blurred vision, dry mouth, and constipation as result of anticholinergic effects.

Risk of extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS), NMS, hypotension; hypotension may be particularly severe in patients with pheochromocytoma or mitral insufficiency

May need anticholinergic antiparkinsonian agent to counter extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS); in case of severe low blood pressure (hypotension), use norepinephrine or phenylepinephrine, and do not use epinephrine or dopamine.

Depresses hypothalamic thermoregulatory mechanism; exposure to extreme temperatures may cause hypo- or hyperthermia.

U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) warning regarding off-label use for dementia in elderly.

Pregnancy and Lactation

  • Use fluphenazine with caution during pregnancy if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies are not available or neither animal nor human studies were done.
  • Fluphenazine enters breast milk; use is not recommended while breastfeeding.
References
https://reference.medscape.com/drug/fluphenazine-342973
https://www.rxlist.com/prolixin-side-effects-drug-center.htm
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