Table of Contents
- Dengue fever facts
- What is dengue fever? What causes dengue fever?
- What geographic areas are at high risk for contracting dengue fever?
- What geographic areas are at high risk for contracting dengue fever? (continued)
- How is dengue fever contracted? Is dengue fever contagious?
- What is the incubation period for dengue fever?
- What are dengue fever symptoms and signs?
- What tests do health care providers use to diagnose dengue fever?
- What is the treatment for dengue fever?
- What types of doctors treat dengue fever?
- How long does dengue fever last?
- What is the prognosis for typical dengue fever?
- What is dengue hemorrhagic fever?
- What are potential complications of dengue fever?
- Is it possible to prevent dengue fever?
- Is there a dengue fever vaccine?
- Where can people get more information on dengue fever?
Is it possible to prevent dengue fever?
The transmission of the virus to mosquitoes must be interrupted to prevent the illness. To this end, patients are kept under mosquito netting until the second bout of fever is over and they are no longer able to transmit the virus to a biting mosquito.
The prevention of dengue fever requires control or eradication of the mosquitoes carrying the virus that causes dengue. In nations plagued by dengue fever, people are urged to empty stagnant water from old tires, trash cans, and flower pots. Governmental initiatives to decrease mosquitoes also help to keep the disease in check but have been poorly effective.
To prevent mosquito bites, wear long pants and long sleeves. For personal protection, use mosquito-repellant sprays that contain DEET when visiting places where dengue is endemic. There are no specific risk factors for contracting dengue fever except living in or traveling to an area where the mosquitoes and virus are endemic. Limiting exposure to mosquitoes by avoiding standing water and staying indoors for two hours after sunrise and before sunset will help, as the Aedes aegypti mosquito is a daytime biter with peak periods of biting around sunrise and sunset. It may bite at any time of the day and is often hidden inside homes or other dwellings, especially in urban areas.
Is there a dengue fever vaccine?
In April 2016, the WHO approved Sanofi Pasteur's Dengvaxia (CYD-TDV), a live recombinant tetravalent vaccine for dengue fever. Dengvaxia can be administered as a three-dose series in people 9-45 years of age who live in areas where dengue is endemic.
In clinical trials in Latin America and Asia involving more than 40,000 children and adolescents, Dengvaxia protected 66% of people aged 9 and older against dengue. Dengvaxia was very effective at protecting against severe dengue, which can be fatal, preventing 93% of severe cases, and reducing hospitalizations due to dengue by 80%.
Dengvaxia was initially approved in 2015 for use only in Mexico, the Philippines, Brazil, and El Salvador.
Several other vaccines for dengue are undergoing clinical trials, but none have yet been approved for use.