Oral cancer is cancer in and around the mouth including the lips, inside of the cheeks, tongue, roof of the mouth, floor of the mouth, sinuses, and throat.
Oral Cancer Symptoms
Oral cancer may appear as a lump or sore in the mouth that does not go away. Red or white patches on the soft tissues of the mouth may also signal cancer.
People are most likely to get oral cancer in their 50s or 60s. Risk factors for oral cancer include alcohol, tobacco, human papilloma virus (HPV) infection of the oral cavity, and male gender. Excess sunlight exposure to the lips increases cancer risk. Eating lots of colorful fruits and vegetables decreases oral cancer risk. Detecting and treating oral cancers early boosts the chance of a successful outcome.
Oral Cancer Treatment
Many forms of oral cancer treatment are available. They include:
- Radiation therapy
- Hyperfractionated (repeated doses of radiation) radiation therapy
- Hyperthermia therapy