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Diabetic NeuropathyDiabetic Neuropathy Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Diabetic neuropathy definition and facts

  • Diabetic neuropathy is damage to nerves that occurs as a result of diabetes.
  • Diabetes is thought to damage nerves as a result of prolonged elevated levels of blood glucose.
  • Different types of diabetic neuropathy include peripheral neuropathy, focal neuropathy, autonomic neuropathy, and proximal neuropathy.
  • Peripheral neuropathy most commonly causes:
    • pain,
    • burning,
    • tingling, and
    • numbness of the feet and lower legs.
  • Autonomic neuropathy causes symptoms related to dysfunction of an organ system, such as:
  • Diagnosis of diabetic neuropathy is usually done by a clinical exam.
  • There is no cure for diabetic neuropathy, but treatments are available to manage the symptoms.
  • Diabetic nerve pain may be controlled by medications such as tricyclic antidepressants, duloxetine (Cymbalta), or certain antiseizure medications.
  • Lidocaine and capsaicin are two topical agents that can help relieve nerve pain in many people.
  • Keeping tight control of blood sugar levels is the best way to prevent diabetic neuropathy and other complications of diabetes.

What is diabetic neuropathy?

Neuropathy is damage to nerves, and diabetic neuropathy is damage to nerves that occurs as a result of diabetes. Diabetes is thought to damage nerves as a result of prolonged elevated levels of blood glucose. Diabetic neuropathy can affect different parts of the body, and symptoms can range from mild to severe. Diabetic neuropathy is the most common complication of diabetes.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 12/8/2017

Source: MedicineNet.com
https://www.medicinenet.com/diabetic_neuropathy/article.htm

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