What Is the Difference Between a Psychologist and Neuropsychologist?

Reviewed on 3/5/2021
The difference between a psychologist and a neuropsychologist
The difference between a psychologist and a neuropsychologist
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Differences

 

Psychologist

 

Neuropsychologist

 

Qualification

A psychologist needs a doctorate in clinical psychology along with an internship.

They require licensure to practice in a particular state.

A neuropsychologist needs a doctorate in clinical psychology. Additionally, neuropsychologists require specialization in neuropsychology.

They also require licensure to practice in a particular state.

 

Area of focus

A clinical psychologist mainly focuses on:

  • Behaviors
  • Emotions
  • Therapy for concerns related to these

Their area of focus is research, and they treat nervous system disorders. They are mainly interested in the brain’s cognitive function, such as:

  • Attention
  • Language
  • Memory
 

Conditions dealt with

A clinical psychologist can help people

  • Cope with stressful situations.
  • Overcome addictions.
  • Manage their chronic illnesses.
  • Diagnose a condition or give them an idea about their thoughts, behaviors, and feelings.
  • Deal with depression.
 

Some of the common conditions a neuropsychologist deals with include:

  • Autism
  • Learning and attention disorders such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and dyslexia
  • Traumatic brain injury
  • Stroke
  • Dementia
 

Salary

 

Salary may vary according to the place where they are serving. The average wage of a clinical psychologist is $80,370.

 

Neuropsychologists earn nearly $93,000 per year on an average.

 

Skills and procedure utilized

Clinical psychologists carry out the following procedure:

  • Interview the patients
  • Ask the patient to undergo few diagnostic tests to rule out other conditions
  • Provide counseling therapy or psychotherapy
  • Perform hypnosis to treat pain, anxiety, or mood disorders
  • Prescribe medications in few states but are prohibited in other places
  • Refer the patients to a psychiatrist in case of complex issues, such as bipolar disorder or schizophrenia
 

Neuropsychologists perform the following procedures:

  • Gathering medical history
  • Carrying out a neuropsychological examination using questionnaires and computer-based analytical software or with blocks and puzzles
  • Analyzing and integrating data
  • Providing feedback

What are the other types of psychologists?

Apart from clinical psychologist and neuropsychologist, there are other types of psychologists, including:

  • Health psychologists: They mainly focus on how behavior and physical illness coincide. The chief duty of health psychologists is to educate both clients and healthcare providers about the psychological issues affecting a healthy individual. They are mainly involved in developing programs and plans to help clients
  • Counseling psychologists: They mainly use talk therapy to help deal the patients with
  • They boost the patient’s confidence by helping them identify their strengths that they can use to solve their problems.
  • Forensic psychologists: They mainly work in the criminal and legal justice system. They help the lawyers decode the psychological aspect of the case. They may even have to testify in court.

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References
https://www.apa.org/ed/graduate/specialize/neuropsychology

https://www.apa.org/topics/psychotherapy/about-psychologists#:~:text=Psychologists%20can%20help%20people%20learn,thinks%2C%20feels%2C%20and%20behaves

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