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Disease Prevention in Men

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Disease prevention in men introduction

Routine screening tests are part of basic prevention medicine. All of the following screening tests are commonly available through your doctor. Take an active role in your own health care and discuss screening tests with your doctor early in life. Following is a list of diseases for which screening is recommended along with mention of the commonly used screening tests, which usually are safe and simple and can help detect many diseases before they become harmful.

High blood pressure (hypertension)

About one-sixth of all Americans have high blood pressure and the incidence of this disease increases with age. African-Americans are more likely than other races to have high blood pressure.

High blood pressure can cause arterial disease (atherosclerosis) that can lead to heart attack, congestive heart failure, stroke, and kidney failure.

Tests or procedures for high blood pressure

Blood pressure measurements

  • High blood pressure: systolic >140, and/or diastolic >90
  • Borderline high blood pressure: systolic 130-140, and/or diastolic 85-90

Who to test and how often

  • How often blood pressure should be checked depends on how severely elevated the blood pressure is, and also depends on the number of other heart attack and stroke risk factors that are present.
  • Adults with most recent normal blood pressure of systolic <130 and diastolic <85 should be checked at least every other year.
  • Adults with borderline high blood pressures (systolic 130-140 or diastolic 85-90) should be rechecked in 3-6 months.

Benefits of early detection

  • High blood pressure can cause arterial disease (atherosclerosis) that can lead to heart attack, congestive heart failure, stroke, and kidney failure.
  • High blood pressure can cause diseases without any early warning symptoms.
  • There is good evidence that treatment of high blood pressure can reduce the risk of heart diseases, stroke, and kidney failure.
  • There is good evidence that adults with borderline blood pressures can benefit from blood pressure lowering. Therefore, you should discuss with your doctor measures that you can take to reduce blood pressure, which can include reducing salt intake, exercise, and stress management.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 9/15/2016


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