What is Donnatal and how is it used?
Donnatal is a prescription medicine used to treat the symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and ulcer. Donnatal may be used alone or with other medications.
Donnatal belongs to a class of drugs called Anticholinergic, Antispasmodic Agents.
It is not known if Donnatal is safe and effective in children.
What are the possible side effects of Donnatal?
Donnatal may cause serious side effects including:
- difficulty breathing,
- swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat,
- sore throat,
- burning eyes,
- skin pain,
- red or purple skin rash with blistering and peeling,
- fast or pounding heartbeats,
- blurred vision,
- tunnel vision,
- eye pain,
- seeing halos around lights,
- decreased sweating,
- hot or dry skin,
- painful or difficult urination,
- loss of coordination,
- slurred speech,
- suicidal thoughts,
- pale skin,
- easy bruising,
- unusual tiredness, and
- cold hands and feet
Get medical help right away, if you have any of the symptoms listed above.
The most common side effects of Donnatal include:
- decreased sweating,
- little or no urination,
- blurred vision,
- dry mouth, nose, or throat,
- dry skin,
- vomiting, and
Tell the doctor if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.
These are not all the possible side effects of Donnatal. For more information, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
Each Donnatal Extentabs® (belladonna alkaloids, phenobarbital) tablet contains:
Phenobarbital, USP (3/4 gr.) ................................ 48.6 mg
Hyoscyamine Sulfate, USP ................................... 0.3111 mg
Atropine Sulfate, USP ............................................ 0.0582 mg
Scopolamine Hydrobromide, USP ...................... 0.0195 mg
Each Donnatal Extentabs® (belladonna alkaloids, phenobarbital) tablet contains the equivalent of three Donnatal® tablets. Extentabs® are designed to release the ingredients gradually to provide effects for up to twelve (12) hours.
In addition, each tablet contains the following inactive ingredients: Anhydrous Lactose, Calcium Sulfate Granular, Colloidal Silicon Dioxide, Dibasic Calcium Phosphate, Lactose Monohydrate, Magnesium Stearate, and Stearic Acid. Film Coating and Polishing Solution contains: D&C Yellow #10 Aluminum Lake, FD&C Blue #1 Aluminum Lake, Hydroxypropyl Methylcellulose, Polydextrose, Polyethylene Glycol, Titanium Dioxide, and Triacetin. The printing ink contains Titanium Dioxide.
Based on a review of this drug by the National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council and/or other information, FDA has classified the following indications as "possibly" effective:
For use as adjunctive therapy in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome (irritable colon, spastic colon, mucous colitis) and acute enterocolitis.
May also be useful as adjunctive therapy in the treatment of duodenal ulcer. IT HAS NOT BEEN SHOWN CONCLUSIVELY WHETHER ANTICHOLINERGIC/ANTISPASMODIC DRUGS AID IN THE HEALING OF A DUODENAL ULCER, DECREASE THE RATE OF RECURRENCES OR PREVENT COMPLICATIONS.
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
The dosage of Donnatal Extentabs® (belladonna alkaloids, phenobarbital) should be adjusted to the needs of the individual patient to assure symptomatic control with a minimum of adverse reactions. The usual dose is one tablet every twelve (12) hours. If indicated, one tablet every eight (8) hours may be given.
Donnatal Extentabs® (belladonna alkaloids, phenobarbital) Tablets are supplied as: film coated green, round, compressed tablets printed "P421" in black ink.
- Bottles of 100 tablets
- Bottles of 500 tablets
Store at 20-25°C (68-77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Protect from light and moisture.
Dispense in a well-closed, light-resistant container as defined in the USP using a child-resistant closure.
Also available: Donnatal® Tablets in bottles of 100 and 1000 tablets and Donnatal® Elixir in 4 fl oz bottles and 1 pint bottles.
PBM Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Gordonsville, VA 22942. FDA Rev date: n/a
Adverse reactions may include xerostomia; urinary hesitancy and retention; blurred vision; tachycardia; palpitation; mydriasis; cycloplegia; increased ocular tension; loss of taste sense; headache; nervousness; drowsiness; weakness; dizziness: insomnia; nausea; vomiting; impotence; suppression of lactation; constipation; bloated feeling; musculoskeletal pain; severe allergic reaction or drug idiosyncrasies, including anaphylaxis, urticaria and other dermal manifestations; and decreased sweating. Elderly patients may react with symptoms of excitement, agitation, drowsiness, and other untoward manifestations to even small doses of the drug.
Phenobarbital may produce excitement in some patients, rather than a sedative effect. In patients habituated to barbiturates, abrupt withdrawal may produce delirium or convulsions.
No information provided.
In the presence of a high environmental temperature, heat prostration can occur with belladonna alkaloids (fever and heatstroke due to decreased sweating).
Diarrhea may be an early symptom of incomplete intestinal obstruction, especially in patients with ileostomy or colostomy. In this instance treatment with this drug would be inappropriate and possibly harmful.
Donnatal Extentabs® (belladonna alkaloids, phenobarbital) may produce drowsiness or blurred vision. The patient should be warned, should these occur, not to engage in activities requiring mental alertness, such as operating a motor vehicle or other machinery, and not to perform hazardous work.
Phenobarbital may decrease the effect of anticoagulants and necessitate larger doses of the anticoagulant for optimal effect. When phenobarbital is discontinued, the dose of the anticoagulant may have to be decreased.
Phenobarbital may be habit forming and should not be administered to individuals known to be addiction prone or to those with a history of physical and/or psychological dependence upon drugs.
Since barbiturates are metabolized in the liver, they should be used with caution and initial doses should be small in patients with hepatic dysfunction.
Use with caution in patients with: autonomic neuropathy, hepatic or renal disease, hyperthyroidism, coronary heart disease, congestive heart failure, cardiac arrhythmias, tachycardia, and hypertension.
Belladonna alkaloids may produce a delay in gastric emptying (antral stasis) which would complicate the management of gastric ulcer.
Theoretically, with overdosage, a curare-like action may occur.
Carcinogenesis, mutagenesis: Long-term studies in animals have not been performed to evaluate c arcinogenic potential.
Pregnancy Category C: Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with Donnatal Extentabs® (belladonna alkaloids, phenobarbital) . It is not known whether Donnatal Extentabs® (belladonna alkaloids, phenobarbital) can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproduction capacity. Donnatal Extentabs® (belladonna alkaloids, phenobarbital) should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed.
Nursing mothers: It is not known whether this drug is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when Donnatal Extentabs® (belladonna alkaloids, phenobarbital) is administered to a nursing mother.
The signs and symptoms of overdose are headache, nausea, vomiting, blurred vision, dilated pupils, hot and dry skin, dizziness, dryness of the mouth, difficulty in swallowing, and CNS stimulation. Treatment should consist of gastric lavage, emetics, and activated charcoal. If indicated, parenteral cholinergic agents such as physostigmine or bethanechol chloride should be added.
Glaucoma, obstructive uropathy (for example, bladder neck obstruction due to prostatic hypertrophy); obstructive disease of the gastrointestinal tract (as in achalasia, pyloroduodenal stenosis, etc.); paralytic ileus, intestinal atony of the elderly or debilitated patient; unstable cardiovascular status in acute hemorrhage; severe ulcerative colitis especially if complicated by toxic megacolon; myasthenia gravis; hiatal hernia associated with reflux esophagitis.
Donnatal Extentabs® (belladonna alkaloids, phenobarbital) is contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to any of the ingredients. Phenobarbital is contraindicated,in acute intermittent porphyria and in those patients in whom phenobarbital produces restlessness and/or excitement.
No information provided. Please refer to the WARNINGS and PRECAUTIONS sections.
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