Dyspraxia: According to the Dyspraxia Foundation, dyspraxia is an impairment of the organization of movement. It effects the way that the brain processes information resulting in messages not being properly or fully transmitted. The term dyspraxia comes from the word praxis, which means 'doing, acting.' Dyspraxia affects the planning of what to do and how to do it. It is associated with problems of perception, language and thought.