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Ferrlecit

Last reviewed on RxList: 2/10/2021
Ferrlecit Side Effects Center

What Is Ferrlecit?

Ferrlecit (sodium ferric gluconate complex in sucrose) Injection is an iron replacement product used to treat iron deficiency anemia in adults and children 6 years and older with chronic kidney disease receiving hemodialysis who are receiving supplemental epoetin therapy. Ferrlecit is available in generic form.

What Are Side Effects of Ferrlecit?

Common side effects of Ferrlecit include:

  • nausea,
  • vomiting,
  • diarrhea,
  • injection site reactions (pain, redness, swelling, or irritation),
  • headache,
  • cramps,
  • high or low blood pressure,
  • dizziness,
  • general ill feeling (malaise),
  • shortness of breath,
  • chest pain,
  • leg cramps and
  • pain.

Tell your doctor if you have serious side effects of Ferrlecit including:

  • feeling like you might pass out,
  • chest pain,
  • trouble breathing,
  • flushing (warmth, redness, or tingly feeling),
  • fast or uneven heart rate, or
  • dangerously high blood pressure (severe headache, blurred vision, buzzing in your ears, anxiety, confusion, uneven heartbeats, or seizures).

Dosage for Ferrlecit

The recommended adult dosage of Ferrlecit for the repletion treatment of iron deficiency in hemodialysis patients is 10 mL (125 mg elemental iron). Pediatric dose is based on the child's weight.

What Drugs, Substances, or Supplements Interact with Ferrlecit?

Ferrlecit may interact with other drugs. Tell your doctor all medications and supplements you use.

Ferrlecit During Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

During pregnancy, Ferrlecit should be used only if prescribed. It is unknown if this drug passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding.

Additional Information

Our Ferrlecit (sodium ferric gluconate complex in sucrose) Side Effects Drug Center provides a comprehensive view of available drug information on the potential side effects when taking this medication.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

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Ferrlecit Consumer Information

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Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives, sweating, vomiting; severe lower back pain; wheezing, difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Some side effects may occur within 30 minutes after an injection. Tell your caregiver if you feel dizzy, nauseated, light-headed, itchy, or sweaty.

Call your doctor at once if you have:

  • a light-headed feeling, like you might pass out;
  • swelling, rapid weight gain;
  • feeling very weak or tired;
  • shortness of breath;
  • severe pain in your chest, back, sides, or groin; or
  • flushing (sudden warmth, redness, or tingly feeling).

Common side effects may include:

  • bruising or skin discoloration where an injection was given;
  • nausea, vomiting, diarrhea;
  • headache, dizziness;
  • fast heartbeats;
  • chest pain, trouble breathing;
  • pain, leg cramps;
  • increased blood pressure; or
  • abnormal blood tests.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Read the entire detailed patient monograph for Ferrlecit (Sodium ferric gluconate)

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Ferrlecit Professional Information

SIDE EFFECTS

The following clinically significant adverse reactions are discussed in greater detail in other sections of the labeling:

  • Hypersensitivity [see CONTRAINDICATIONS and WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
  • Hypotension [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]

Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical studies are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical studies of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical studies of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

The most commonly reported adverse reactions (≥10%) in adult patients were nausea, vomiting and/or diarrhea, injection site reaction, hypotension, cramps, hypertension, dizziness, abnormal erythrocytes (e.g., changes in morphology, color, or number of red blood cells), dyspnea, chest pain, leg cramps and pain. In patients 6 to 15 years of age the most common adverse reactions (≥10%) were hypotension, headache, hypertension, tachycardia and vomiting.

Studies A And B

In multiple dose Studies A and B (total 126 adult patients), the most frequent treatment emergent adverse reactions following Ferrlecit were:

Body as a Whole: injection site reaction (33%), chest pain (10%), pain (10%), asthenia (7%), headache (7%), fatigue (6%), fever (5%), malaise, infection, abscess, chills, rigors, carcinoma, flu-like syndrome, sepsis, lightheadedness, weakness.

Nervous System: cramps (25%), dizziness (13%), paresthesias (6%), agitation, somnolence, decreased level of consciousness.

Respiratory System: dyspnea (11%), coughing (6%), upper respiratory infections (6%), rhinitis, pneumonia.

Cardiovascular System: hypotension (29%), hypertension (13%), syncope (6%), tachycardia (5%), bradycardia, vasodilatation, angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, pulmonary edema.

Gastrointestinal System: nausea, vomiting and/or diarrhea (35%), anorexia, abdominal pain (6%), rectal disorder, dyspepsia, eructation, flatulence, gastrointestinal disorder, melena.

Musculoskeletal System: leg cramps (10%), myalgia, arthralgia, back pain, arm pain.

Skin and Appendages: pruritus (6%), rash, increased sweating.

Genitourinary System: urinary tract infection, and menorrhagia.

Special Senses: conjunctivitis, rolling of the eyes, watery eyes, puffy eye lids, arcus senilis, redness of the eye, diplopia, and deafness.

Metabolic and Nutritional Disorders: hyperkalemia (6%), generalized edema (5%), leg edema, peripheral edema, hypoglycemia, edema, hypervolemia, hypokalemia.

Hematologic System: abnormal erythrocytes (11%) (changes in morphology, color, or number of red blood cells), anemia, leukocytosis, lymphadenopathy.

Study C - Pediatric

Pediatric Patients

In a clinical trial of 66 iron-deficient pediatric hemodialysis patients, 6 to 15 years of age, inclusive, who were receiving a stable erythropoietin dosing regimen, the most common adverse reactions, occurring in ≥5%, regardless of treatment dosage, were: hypotension (35%), headache (24%), hypertension (23%), tachycardia (17%), vomiting (11%), fever (9%), nausea (9%), abdominal pain (9%), pharyngitis (9%), diarrhea (8%), infection (8%), rhinitis (6%), and thrombosis (6%). More patients in the higher dose group (3.0 mg/kg) than in the lower dose group (1.5 mg/kg) experienced the following adverse events: hypotension (41% vs. 28%), tachycardia (21% vs. 13%), fever (15% vs. 3%), headache (29% vs. 19%), abdominal pain (15% vs. 3%), nausea (12% vs. 6%), vomiting (12% vs. 9%), pharyngitis (12% vs. 6%), and rhinitis (9% vs. 3%).

Postmarketing Experience

In the single-dose, postmarketing, safety study, 11% of patients who received Ferrlecit and 9.4% of patients who received placebo reported adverse reactions. The most frequent adverse reactions following Ferrlecit administration were: hypotension (2%), nausea, vomiting and/or diarrhea (2%), pain (0.7%), hypertension (0.6%), allergic reaction (0.5%), chest pain (0.5%), pruritus (0.5%), and back pain (0.4%). The following additional events were reported in two or more patients: hypertonia, nervousness, dry mouth, and hemorrhage.

In the multiple-dose, open-label surveillance study, 28% of the patients received concomitant angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) therapy. The incidences of both drug intolerance and suspected allergic events following first dose Ferrlecit administration were 1.6% in patients with concomitant ACEI use compared to 0.7% in patients without concomitant ACEI use. The patient with a life-threatening event was not on ACEI therapy. One patient had facial flushing immediately on Ferrlecit exposure. No hypotension occurred and the event resolved rapidly and spontaneously without intervention other than drug withdrawal.

The following additional adverse reactions have been identified with the use of Ferrlecit from postmarketing spontaneous reports: anaphylactic-type reactions, shock, loss of consciousness, generalized convulsion, fetal bradycardia due to severe maternal hypotension or shock, superficial thrombophlebitis at injection site, skin discoloration, pallor, phlebitis, dysgeusia, and hypoesthesia.

Individual doses exceeding 125 mg may be associated with a higher incidence and/or severity of adverse events based on information from postmarketing spontaneous reports. These adverse events included hypotension, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, dizziness, dyspnea, urticaria, chest pain, paresthesia, and peripheral swelling.

Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

Read the entire FDA prescribing information for Ferrlecit (Sodium ferric gluconate)

Related Resources for Ferrlecit

© Ferrlecit Patient Information is supplied by Cerner Multum, Inc. and Ferrlecit Consumer information is supplied by First Databank, Inc., used under license and subject to their respective copyrights.

QUESTION

Sickle cell disease is named after a farming tool. See Answer

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