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Heart Failure (cont.)

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What are heart failure symptoms and signs?

Symptoms of heart failure include:

  1. Shortness of breath
  2. Fatigue
  3. Lightheadedness
  4. Exercise intolerance
  5. Loss of appetite
  6. Nausea
  7. Coughing (or chronic cough)
  8. Wheezing
  9. Pounding or racing heart
  10. Excessive tiredness
  11. Confusion
  12. Problems thinking
  13. Swelling in the ankles
  14. Swelling in the abdomen
  15. Chest pain

Symptoms are usually worse at night when lying flat. Symptoms are very similar for systolic and diastolic heart failure. Your doctor may need further testing to see which type you have.

What are the risk factors for heart failure?

The most common risk factors for heart failure include:

Less well recognized risk factors of heart failure include:

  • Sleep apnea
  • Nutrient deficiencies
  • An unhealthy diet (low in antioxidant vegetables and high in animal fats)
  • Stress
  • Lack of exercise

All of these also contribute to coronary artery disease, which is a major risk factor for heart failure.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 9/22/2016


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