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Heartburn (cont.)

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Heartburn Treatment

Lifestyle changes

  • Eat smaller, more frequent meals
  • Avoid eating before bedtime
  • Avoid alcohol, aspirin, ibuprofen, and caffeine
  • Stop smoking
  • Elevate the head of the bed (or use two or three pillows) to allow gravity to keep acid in the stomach and avoid acid reflux.

Heartburn Medication

Antacids may be taken after meals, at bedtime, or when needed, to bind excess acid in the stomach and to coat the esophagus.

Histamine H2 antagonists are medications that block the action of histamine (a chemical that stimulates stomach cells to produce acid) on the acid-producing cells of the stomach. This decreases acid production to hopefully decrease symptoms. Examples include:

Some H2 blockers and proton pump inhibitors are available OTC without a prescription. However, there may be potential interactions with some prescription medications. Check with your health care professional or pharmacist for advice about their safe use.

Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are another class of drugs that block the production of acid by the stomach. PPIs include:

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 4/26/2016

GI Disorders

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