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High Blood Pressure Treatment (cont.)

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Aldosterone blockers

Eplerenone (Inspra) is an aldosterone receptor blocker. It is used to treat congestive heart failure after a heart attack and also is used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). Aldosterone blockers promote lower blood pressure by increasing the elimination of salt from the body.

Common side effects include headache, dizziness, diarrhea, stomach pain, nausea, and cough or flu-like symptoms (such as fever, chills, and unusual tiredness).

Combining agents

Combining medications in lower doses often can reduce blood pressure more effectively with fewer side effects.

Exforge is a combination of amlodipine, a calcium channel blocker and valsartan, an ARB.

According to the manufacturer, by using these two drugs in combination, Exforge works to block substances in the body that can cause blood vessels to narrow and can help blood vessels relax so that blood pressure is lower.

Studies have shown that taking Exforge increases the likelihood of reducing blood pressure more than either drug taken individually.



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