How does one get primary lymphoma of bone?
The exact cause of lymphoma of bone is unknown; however, some of the risk factors are:
- Disturbed recycling of bone (Paget's disease)
- Viral infection
- Male gender
- Age above 60 years
- Having a close relative with lymphoma
- Exposure to chemicals such as benzene
- History of radiation
What are the signs of primary lymphoma of bone?
Signs of lymphoma are:
How can the lymphoma of bone be diagnosed?
Laboratory tests are performed:
- Liver function tests
- Urine and serum protein electrophoresis
- Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP)
- Alkaline phosphatase (ALP)
- Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)
- Prostate-specific antigen (PSA)
Ultimately, a biopsy of involved tissue is used to confirm the diagnosis.
What is the treatment for primary lymphoma of bone?
Patients may undergo surgery for the following conditions:
What is the survival rate for lymphoma?
The survival chances are higher in primary lymphoma of bone as compared to other types of bone cancers. A five-year overall survival rate of 95% with chemoradiation and 78%with single therapy has been reported from a study from Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center. Simply put, 95% of the patients live for more than five years with chemotherapy and radiation and 78% when they had either chemotherapy or radiation.
Complications of lymphoma of bone include:
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors