How Can You Prevent a Stroke From Happening?

Reviewed on 10/21/2020

How can you prevent a stroke from happening?

You can lower your risk of stroke by managing modifiable risk factors.
You can lower your risk of stroke by managing modifiable risk factors.

Strokes occur due to the obstruction of blood flow to the brain. Two types of strokes obstruct the blood flow to the brain.

Some irreversible factors, such as age and family history, are likely to increase the risk of stroke. These factors cannot be modified. However, many such preventable or modifiable factors can help prevent strokes.

Here are several ways to start reining in your risks today to prevent stroke before it happens.

           Medications, medical procedures and surgery can treat these disorders. 

  • Limit alcohol: High alcohol content can raise blood pressure and triglycerides. Limit alcohol to one drink per day for women and two drinks per day for men to help reduce side effects. One drink means 12 ounces of beer, 5 ounces of wine or 1.5 ounces of distilled spirits. 
  • Treat diabetes: Diabetes can damage blood vessels over time and lead to clot formation inside the vessels. It can increase the risk of stroke by two to four times. High blood sugar management involves
    • Regularly monitoring blood sugar levels
    • Taking anti-diabetic medications
    • Exercising regularly 
    • Eating a healthy diet
  • Exercise more: Exercise helps lower weight and maintain normal blood pressure. Exercise at a moderate intensity at least five times a week.
    • Walk daily for 30 minutes.
    • Use the stairs instead of the elevator.
    • Take professional guidance on how much and what type of exercise is good for you.
    • If you cannot perform exercise for 30 minutes continuously, break it up into several 10- to 15-minute sessions throughout the day.
  • Lower cholesterol levels: Too much cholesterol can clog the arteries and lead to heart attack and stroke. Diet, exercise and cholesterol-lowering medications may keep cholesterol levels in check.

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References
Medscape Medical Reference

Harvard Medical School


NIH


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