How Do Emetic Agents Work?

Reviewed on 6/28/2021

HOW DO EMETIC AGENTS WORK?

Emetic agents are a class of medications used to induce nausea and vomiting for the emergency treatment of poisoning with certain toxins that have been swallowed. Although its use is now discouraged, the most commonly used drug for this purpose is ipecac syrup. It is prepared from the dried roots of Carapichea ipecacuanha, a plant indigenous to Brazil and Central America and is available both as a nonprescription product and an Food and Drug Administration-approved prescription product.

Ipecac should not be used to cause vomiting as a means of losing weight. If used regularly for this purpose, serious heart problems or even death may occur.

Ipecac is no longer recommended for poisonings; activated charcoal is the treatment of choice. It is administered orally (15-30 mL) and may be repeated once with 15 mL if vomiting does not occur within 20-30 mins.

Emetic agents work in the following two ways:

HOW ARE EMETIC AGENTS USED?

Emetic agents are used to cause vomiting after suspected poisoning.

WHAT ARE SIDE EFFECTS OF EMETIC AGENTS?

Emetic agents can be unsafe when used for long term or in large amounts.

Common side effects include:

Other rare side effects include:

Information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible side effects, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. Check with your doctor or pharmacist to make sure these drugs do not cause any harm when you take them along with other medicines. Never stop taking your medication and never change your dose or frequency without consulting your doctor.

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WHAT ARE NAMES OF EMETIC AGENTS?

Drug name includes:                               

References
https://reference.medscape.com/drugs/antifungals-vaginal

https://www.webmd.com/women/guide/understanding-vaginal-yeast-infection-basics

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