HOW DO HYDANTOIN ANTICONVULSANTS WORK?

Reviewed on 5/11/2021

WHAT ARE HYDANTOIN ANTICONVULSANTS AND HOW DO THEY WORK?

Hydantoins are a class of drugs mainly used to treat seizures (anticonvulsant or antiepileptic drugs). Hydantoins reduce seizures by targeting the sodium channel present throughout the nerves. Activation of sodium channels results in the conduction of electrical impulses and the release of neurotransmitters. Higher conduction of electrical impulses can result in higher seizure activity. Thus, hydantoins inactivate the sodium channel and prevent the return of the channel to an active state. As a result, they inhibit the development of seizure activity and reduce the spread of seizures.

HOW ARE HYDANTOIN ANTICONVULSANTS USED?

Hydantoin anticonvulsants are mainly used to treat different types of seizures. They may also be used to treat an irregular heartbeat.

WHAT ARE SIDE EFFECTS OF HYDANTOIN ANTICONVULSANTS?

Some of the common side effects of hydantoin anticonvulsants include:

The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible side effects, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. Check with your doctor or pharmacist to make sure these drugs do not cause any harm when you take them along with other medicines. Never stop taking your medication and never change your dose or frequency without consulting your doctor.

QUESTION

If you have had a seizure, it means you have epilepsy. See Answer

WHAT ARE DRUG NAMES OF HYDANTOIN ANTICONVULSANTS?

Drug names include:

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References
https://reference.medscape.com/drugs/anticonvulsants-hydantoins

https://www.rxlist.com/consumer_phenytoin_dilantin_phenytek/drugs-condition.htm

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