How Do I Know If I Am Obese?

Reviewed on 6/9/2021
signs of obesity
Here’s how to tell if you are obese, what’s causing it, and how to manage your condition

Obesity is a disease involving excessive body fat that can negatively impact health. Someone whose weight is higher than the normal weight for their height is considered overweight. When their body mass index (BMI) is 30 or higher, they are considered obese

BMI categories are as follows:

  • Underweight = less than 18.5 kg/m2
  • Normal weight = 18.5 to 24.9 kg/m2
  • Overweight = 25 to 29.9 kg/m2
  • Obesity = 30 kg/m2 or greater

Obesity is correlated with various diseases and conditions, particularly cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, certain types of cancer, and osteoarthritis.

What causes obesity?

The most common causes of obesity include:

What health problems can be caused by obesity?

Health problems that can occur due to obesity are:

How is obesity diagnosed?

To diagnose obesity, tests may be ordered in addition to a physical exam. Your doctor will also consider your:

How is obesity managed?

Obesity can be reduced through:


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World Health Organization. Obesity and Overweight. April 1, 2020.

Hamdy O. Obesity. Medscape.

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