How Do Ophthalmic Antivirals Work?

Reviewed on 5/14/2021

What are ophthalmic antivirals and how do they work?

Ophthalmic antivirals are medications for treating viral eye infections and the resultant inflammation. Ophthalmic antiviral medications include drugs that inhibit viral replication, and fluorinated corticosteroids that inhibit inflammation and relieve symptoms. Corticosteroids are fluorinated to achieve better absorption into the eye.

Ophthalmic antiviral drugs penetrate the virus-infected cell, get incorporated into the DNA and prevent its replication. Each antiviral medication works on different enzymes that the virus requires to synthesize DNA and replicate itself. Corticosteroids relieve symptoms by inhibiting the infected eye’s inflammatory responses such as:

How are ophthalmic antivirals used?

Ophthalmic antiviral medications are solutions, suspensions, gels or ointments topically administered in the eye. Ophthalmic antivirals are used to treat the following eye conditions:

What are side effects of ophthalmic antivirals?

Side effects of ophthalmic antiviral drugs are mostly ocular and systemic side effects are rare. Corticosteroids have minimal systemic side effects. Side effects of ophthalmic antiviral drugs may include:

Side effects of ophthalmic antiviral fluorinated corticosteroid may include the following:

Information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible side effects, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. Check with your doctor or pharmacist to make sure these drugs do not cause any harm when you take them along with other medicines. Never stop taking your medication and never change your dose or frequency without consulting your doctor.

SLIDESHOW

Pink Eye (Conjunctivitis) Symptoms, Causes, Treatments See Slideshow

What are names of some ophthalmic antiviral drugs?

Generic and brand names of some ophthalmic antiviral drugs include:

References
https://reference.medscape.com/drugs/antivirals-ophthalmic

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