How Do Oral Rinses Work?

Reviewed on 6/18/2021

HOW DO ORAL RINSES WORK?

Oral rinses or mouthwashes are liquid solutions used for maintaining oral hygiene in addition to brushing and flossing. There are two types of oral rinses:

  • Therapeutic oral rinses: These oral rinses have an antibacterial activity that kills bacteria associated with bad breath.
  • Cosmetic oral rinses: These oral rinses may temporarily control bad breath, but they do not kill bacteria.

Therapeutic oral rinses may work by:

  • Killing bacteria
  • Sticking to the surface of the mouth and therefore forming a soothing, protective layer
  • Increasing the resistance of teeth to acids and thus enhancing the penetration of fluoride into the tooth enamel

HOW ARE ORAL RINSES USED?

Oral rinses need to be swished around the entire mouth, including teeth, gums, and tongue, to help:

  • Promote oral hygiene
  • Reduce oral discomfort
  • Provide moisture to oral tissues
  • Control odorous breath

Oral rinses also help to treat:

WHAT ARE SIDE EFFECTS OF ORAL RINSES?

Oral rinses may cause some side effects, including:

The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible side effects, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. Check with your doctor or pharmacist to make sure these drugs do not cause any harm when you take them along with other medicines. Never stop taking your medication and never change your dose or frequency without consulting your doctor.

WHAT ARE NAMES OF ORAL RINSES?

Generic and brand names of oral rinses include:

QUESTION

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References
https://reference.medscape.com/drugs/oral-rinses

https://www.ada.org/en/member-center/oral-health-topics/mouthrinse

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