How Do Osmotic Diuretics Work?

Reviewed on 5/19/2021

WHAT ARE OSMOTIC DIURETICS AND HOW DO THEY WORK?

Osmotic diuretics are a class of drugs that increase the production of urine (diuresis) in people with sudden kidney problems. Osmotic diuretics produce diuresis by increasing the osmotic pressure within the kidney. When osmotic pressure increases, the water is not reabsorbed by the kidney anymore, and it is excreted out of the body, along with sodium and potassium to some extent. The forced diuresis also helps to reduce pressure inside the brain and eye.

HOW ARE OSMOTIC DIURETICS USED?

Osmotic diuretics are mainly administered via intravenous route and are used to treat:

WHAT ARE SIDE EFFECTS OF OSMOTIC DIURETICS?

Common side effects of osmotic diuretics include:

The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible side effects, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. Check with your doctor or pharmacist to make sure these drugs do not cause any harm when you take them along with other medicines. Never stop taking your medication and never change your dose or frequency without consulting your doctor.

WHAT ARE DRUG NAMES OF OSMOTIC DIURETICS?

Drug names include:

SLIDESHOW

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References
https://reference.medscape.com/drug/osmitrol-mannitol-343061#4

https://www.rxlist.com/consumer_mannitol_osmitrol/drugs-condition.htm

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