How Do Other Analgesic Drugs Work?

Reviewed on 6/30/2021

What are other analgesic drugs and how do they work?

Other analgesic drugs include several types of medications that are not classified into any specific categories of analgesic drugs. Each medication works in a different way to provide pain relief (analgesia). The types of analgesic medications that are grouped under other analgesic drugs include:

What are the uses of other analgesic drugs?

  • Acetaminophen: Acetaminophen is an analgesic and antipyretic medication used to relieve pain and fever. Acetaminophen blocks pain by inhibiting synthesis of prostaglandin, a natural substance in the body that initiates inflammation. Acetaminophen reduces fever by acting on the hypothalamus region of the brain which regulates temperature.
  • Pregabalin: Pregabalin is an anticonvulsant drug used to treat seizures, and also pain from nerve damage (neuropathy) and fibromyalgia. Pregabalin blocks pain transmission in the nerves by preventing the nerve cells (neurons) from releasing chemicals (neurotransmitters) that carry pain signals and conduct electrical activity in the brain.
  • Milnacipran hydrochloride: Milnacipran is an antidepressant medication known as serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI), used to treat depression and fibromyalgia. Serotonin and norepinephrine are hormones involved in the modulation of mood and pain, and milnacipran increases their levels by inhibiting reabsorption in the brain.
  • Ziconotide acetate: Ziconotide is a non-opioid analgesic that is administered as an injection into the spinal canal (intrathecal) to treat chronic pain that is not relieved by alternate medications. Ziconotide prevents transmission of pain through the spine by blocking calcium channels on neurons which enable conduction of nerve signals.

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What are the side effects of other analgesic drugs?

Side effects of other ophthalmic drugs are unique to each drug. A few of the major side effects include:

Information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible side effects, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. Check with your doctor or pharmacist to make sure these drugs do not cause any harm when you take them along with other medicines. Never stop taking your medication and never change your dose or frequency without consulting your doctor.

What are names of other analgesicic drugs?

Generic and brand names of other analgesic drugs include:

  • Acephen
  • acetaminophen
  • acetaminophen IV
  • acetaminophen rectal
  • Adults' FeverAll
  • FeverAll
  • FeverAll Infants
  • FeverAll Junior Strength
  • Little Fevers Children's Fever/Pain Reliever
  • Little Fevers Infant Fever/Pain Reliever
  • Lyrica
  • Lyrica CR
  • milnacipran
  • Ofirmev
  • PediaCare Single Dose Acetaminophen Fever Reducer/Pain Reliever
  • pregabalin
  • Prialt
  • Savella
  • Tylenol
  • Tylenol Arthritis Pain
  • Tylenol Ext
  • ziconotide
References
https://reference.medscape.com/drugs/analgesics-other

https://www.medicinenet.com/acetaminophen/article.htm

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2873711/

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/biochemistry-genetics-and-molecular-biology/ziconotide

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