How Do Other Ophthalmic Drugs Work?

Reviewed on 6/25/2021

What are other ophthalmic drugs and how do they work?

Other ophthalmic drugs include several types of medications that are not classified into any specific categories of ophthalmic drugs. Each medication is used for a specific purpose in ophthalmic treatment or procedure. The types of ophthalmic medications that are grouped under other ophthalmic drugs include:

  • Sodium hyaluronate
  • Ophthalmic purified water
  • Cenegermin
  • Cyclosporine ophthalmic
  • Ophthalmic cysteamine hydrochloride
  • Ophthalmic mitomycin
  • Ophthalmic sodium chloride hypertonic
  • Netarsudil ophthalmic
  • Ophthalmic riboflavin 5’-phosphate

What Are Uses of other ophthalmic drugs?

  • Sodium hyaluronate: Sodium hyaluronate is a lubricating substance that is injected into the eye during ophthalmic surgeries.
  • Ophthalmic purified water: Ophthalmic purified water is a solution of purified water used to flush out and clean the eyes.
  • Cenegermin: Cenegermin is a lab-produced form of human nerve growth factor, a protein that helps repair and heal damaged nerves in the cornea.
  • Ophthalmic cyclosporine: Ophthalmic cyclosporine is an immunomodulating drug used to reduce inflammation in the eye, promote tear production in dry eye conditions and prevent rejection after corneal grafts.
  • Ophthalmic cysteamine hydrochloride: Ophthalmic cysteamine hydrochloride is a medication for reducing cystine crystal formation in the cornea, a condition caused by an inherited genetic disorder.
  • Ophthalmic mitomycin: Ophthalmic mitomycin is an antitumor antibiotic that is applied after certain eye surgeries to prevent scar tissue formation.
  • Ophthalmic sodium chloride hypertonic: Ophthalmic sodium chloride hypertonic is a saline formulation that draws out excess fluid from the cornea and releases it as tears.
  • Netarsudil ophthalmic: Ophthalmic netarsudil is a medication used to reduce pressure inside the eye (intraocular) by decreasing production of a fluid in the eye (aqueous humor), and increasing its outflow.
  • Ophthalmic riboflavin 5'-phosphate: Ophthalmic riboflavin 5’-phosphate is a photosensitive medication used in combination with ultraviolet (UV) light to strengthen the cornea.

QUESTION

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What are the side effects of other ophthalmic drugs?

Side effects of other ophthalmic drugs are unique to each drug. A few of the major side effects include:

  • Sodium hyaluronate
  • Ophthalmic purified water
    • Irritation or hypersensitivity to preservative
  • Cenegermin
  • Cyclosporine ophthalmic
    • Eye pain on instillation
    • Ocular burning
  • Ophthalmic cysteamine hydrochloride
  • Ophthalmic mitomycin
    • Bleb-related leak, ulceration or infection, known as blebitis. Bleb is a blister-like fluid collection on the eye surface through which the fluid drains out after glaucoma filtration surgery.
    • Corneal reactions such as corneal damage, corneal adhesion to the iris, corneal inflammation.
    • Inflammation of the intraocular cavities (endophthalmitis)
  • Ophthalmic sodium chloride hypertonic
    • Temporary burning and irritation
  • Netarsudil ophthalmic
  • Ophthalmic riboflavin 5'-phosphate
    • Corneal opacity
    • Punctate keratitis (inflammation of cornea in a pin-point pattern)
    • Corneal striae (linear breaks in the Descemet’s membrane of cornea)

Information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible side effects, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. Check with your doctor or pharmacist to make sure these drugs do not cause any harm when you take them along with other medicines. Never stop taking your medication and never change your dose or frequency without consulting your doctor.

What are names of other ophthalmic drugs?

Generic and brand names of other ophthalmic drugs include:

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References
https://www.rxlist.com/healon-drug.htm#description

https://www.clinicaltrialsarena.com/projects/oxervate-cenegermin-bkbj/

https://www.medicinenet.com/cyclosporine-ophthalmic/article.htm

https://www.rxlist.com/cystaran-drug.htm#clinpharm

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