How Do Otic Anesthetics Work?

How do otic anesthetics work?

Otic anesthetics are medications that are used to treat ear pain and congestion. Otic anesthetics are a combination of medications, each of which works in a different way to reduce pain and congestion. The combination drugs in otic anesthetics include:

  • An analgesic that reduces inflammation and pain
  • A local anesthetic that numbs the ear canal and blocks pain
  • A decongestant that constricts swollen blood vessels and reduces swelling in the ear

How are otic anesthetics used?

Otic anesthetics are solutions that are administered with a dropper into the ear canal. The ear opening is then plugged with a piece of gauze to prevent the medication from draining out. Otic anesthetics are used to treat ear pain, congestion and swelling caused by middle ear inflammation (acute otitis media), and also to remove earwax.

Otic anesthetics must not be used if the eardrum is perforated, and must be discontinued if rash, redness or a new pain develops.

What are side effects of otic anesthetics?

Side effects of otic anesthetics may include:

  • Temporary stinging or burning in the ear canal
  • Local hypersensitivity reaction

Information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible side effects, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. Check with your doctor or pharmacist to make sure these drugs do not cause any harm when you take them along with other medicines. Never stop taking your medication and never change your dose or frequency without consulting your doctor.

What are names of some otic anesthetic drugs?

Generic and brand name of an otic anesthetic drug commonly available over the counter is:


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