How Do Otic Quinolones Work?

Reviewed on 6/23/2021

How do otic quinolones work?

Otic quinolones are broad spectrum antibiotic medications that are used to treat bacterial infections in the external and middle ear. Otic quinolones kill bacteria by preventing DNA synthesis and replication in bacterial cells. Otic quinolones work by inhibiting gyrase, an enzyme that is essential for bacterial DNA synthesis.

Gyrase is a bacterial enzyme that breaks DNA strands, removes knots, repairs and recombines the broken strands to make perfect copies of the bacterial DNA. Otic quinolones bind to the broken strands of the bacterial DNA and prevent their recombination which results in bacterial cell death.

Otic quinolones are effective against both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. Gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria are structurally different and are classified depending on whether they get stained or not by a violet dye used in a laboratory test known as the Gram stain test.

Otic quinolones are used to treat ear infections caused by gram-positive bacteria such as:

Gram-negative bacteria that otic quinolones are effective against include:

What are names of some otic quinolone drugs?

Generic and brand name of otic quinolone drugs include:

How are otic quinolones used?

Otic quinolones are solutions or suspensions that are topically administered into the ear canal. Otic quinolones are used to treat or prevent infections in the following conditions or treatment procedures:

SLIDESHOW

Ear Infection Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment See Slideshow

What are side effects of otic quinolones?

Side effects of otic quinolones may include the following:

Otic side effects:

Systemic side effects:

Information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible side effects, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. Check with your doctor or pharmacist to make sure these drugs do not cause any harm when you take them along with other medicines. Never stop taking your medication and never change your dose or frequency without consulting your doctor.

References
https://reference.medscape.com/drugs/quinolones-otic

Health Solutions From Our Sponsors