WHAT ARE PARENTERAL ELECTROLYTE SUPPLEMENTS AND HOW DO THEY WORK?
Parenteral electrolyte supplements are prescription or nonprescription medicines used to treat electrolyte imbalance in the body. Electrolytes, when dissolved or melted, dissociate into ions, which in turn help conduct electricity. Many automatic processes in the body rely on a small electric current to function, and electrolytes provide this charge. Ions are electrically charged atoms or atom groups. There are two types of ions formed: positively charged ions (cations) and negatively charged ions (anions). Electrolytes are critical for:
- Distribution of water
- Muscle contraction and expansion
- Transmission of nerve impulses
- Delivery of oxygen to body tissues
- Heart rate and rhythm
- Acid-base balance
An electrolyte imbalance can lead to:
Intravenous administration of electrolyte supplements can restore the lost electrolytes in the body by:
HOW ARE PARENTERAL ELECTROLYTE SUPPLEMENTS USED?
Parenteral electrolyte supplements are mainly used to treat electrolyte imbalance. Hence, they are used for:
WHAT ARE SIDE EFFECTS OF PARENTERAL ELECTROLYTE SUPPLEMENTS?
Parenteral electrolyte supplements, when administered intravenously, can cause the following side effects:
- Abdominal pain
- Arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat)
The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible side effects, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. Check with your doctor or pharmacist to make sure these drugs do not cause any harm when you take them along with other medicines. Never stop taking your medication and never change your dose or frequency without consulting your doctor.
WHAT ARE DRUG NAMES OF PARENTERAL ELECTROLYTE SUPPLEMENTS?
Generic and brand names of parenteral electrolyte supplement drugs include: